Bulk Transmission Canada Siting and Regulation Overview (8)
Canada Siting and Regulation Overview Process
8.1 to 8.2 – Does the Developer Seek to Construct and Operate an International Bulk Transmission Line?
In Canada, a bulk transmission developer may need a number of federal approvals from the Canada Energy Regulator (CER) to construct and operate an international bulk transmission line. A developer may need an International Power Line Approval, or a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity and/or an International Power Line Permit from CER to construct and operate an international transmission line. At this time CER is proposing new regulations that will impact the above-mentioned permit/approval processes therefore the RAPID Toolkit does not have content specific for these processes. The developer should contact CER and review the Regulatory Side-by-Side – Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Between the United States and Canada Guidance for more information.
8.3 to 8.4 – Does the International Bulk Transmission Line Cross Into the United States?
Any person, firm, co-operative, corporation or other entity who operates an electric power transmission facility crossing the border of the United States, for the transmission of electric energy between the United States and a foreign country must have a Presidential Permit. 10 C.F.R. § 205.320. For more information, see:
8.5 to 8.6 – Does the Developer Seek to Export Electricity?
A bulk transmission developer may need an Export Authorization from CER for cross-border exports of electricity from a bulk transmission project. At this time CER is in the process of proposing new export regulations therefore the RAPID Toolkit does not have content specific to the Export Authorization process. A developer seeking to export electricity should contact CER and review the Regulatory Side-by-Side – Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Between the United States and Canada Guidance for more information.
8.7 to 8.8 – Does the Province and/or Territory Have a Comprehensive Siting Process for Transmission Facilities?
In Canada, some provinces and/or territories have one or more processes for siting and/or coordinating various reviews and approvals required for constructing and operating a bulk transmission project. These comprehensive siting processes may consider environmental, ecological, scenic, recreational, and historic values of the province and/or territory. Typically, the provincial or territorial public utility authority (e.g., public utility commission) or an energy, power, or siting board consisting of members from several interested provincial/territorial agencies is charged with conducting comprehensive siting reviews. Additionally, the developer must comply with any applicable local siting or zoning ordinances.
In Ontario, a bulk developer may need an Electricity Transmission License from the Ontario Energy Board to own or operate a transmission system. For more information, see:
8.9 to 8.10 – Does the Facility Require Approval from a Provincial/Territorial Utility Regulatory Authority?
Depending on the requirements of the particular province or territory, the developer may need to obtain a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (CPCN), or other approval from a provincial or territorial utility regulatory authority such as a public utilities commission. A transmission facility typically needs a CPCN or similar approval if the facility surpasses the specific kilovolt (kV) threshold designated by the province/territory.
In Alberta, a bulk transmission developer may need a Transmission Line Permit and License from the Alberta Utilities Commission to construct, extend, alter, or operate a transmission line. Alberta – Hydro and Electric Energy Act, R.S.A. 2000, c. H-16. For more information, see:
In British Columbia, a bulk transmission developer must obtain a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity from the British Columbia Utilities Commission prior to beginning the construction or operation of a public utility plant or system, or an extension of either. Utilities Commission Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 473, ss. 45 (1), 46(1). For more information, see:
In Yukon, a bulk transmission developer may need an Energy Project Certificate and an Energy Operation Certificate from the Yukon Utilities Board and the Yukon Minister of Justice to construct or operate a regulated transmission line project. Public Utilities Act, R.S.Y. 2002, c.186, s.37-39. For more information, see:
8.11 to 8.13 – Does the Project Require Any Additional Provincial/Territorial Approvals?
In addition to comprehensive siting processes or certificates from a public utility commission, provincial/territorial governments may require additional approvals (e.g., interconnection assessments and approvals) relating to a transmission facility.
A bulk transmission developer may need a Connection Approval from the New Brunswick – Transmission and System Operator Division to connect a new or modified facility to the Integrated Electricity System (IES) or for approval to make or modify a connection between the IES and a transmission system outside of New Brunswick. For more information, see:
In New Brunswick, a bulk transmission developer may also need to enter into a Transmission System Agreement with the New Brunswick Power Corporation for the development of a transmission system. For more information, see:
In Ontario, a bulk transmission developer may need a Connection Assessment and Approval from the Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) "to establish or modify a connection to the IESO-controlled grid, including connecting a new or modified transmission facility." IESO Market Manual 2: Market Administration, Part 2.10: Connection and Assessment Approval, p. 3. For more information, see:
In Quebec, a bulk transmission developer may need Specific or General Transmission Authorization from the Quebec – Regie de L’energie to build a transmission line. For more information, see:
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