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From Open Energy Information

Transmission Wastes Hazardous or Solid

Wastes Hazardous or Solid
Present, Potentially Affected

Hazardous and solid wastes have high toxic ramifications to humans, plants and animals when metabolized, inhaled or touched. Federal, state and local regulations mandate material use, concentrations, transportation, and disposal. Ample staff training to handle waste decreases the amount of accidents at a work site and decreases the response rate to a site when emergency assistance is needed. Specific emergency protocols such as accident, fire, injury, spill or discharge, soil, and fueling contingency plans are typically included in the overall Operations Plan. These plans treat each emergency with appropriate mitigation measures to decrease risks and damage onsite.

Wastes Hazardous or Solid Impacts & Mitigation

Helicopter, construction, and personal vehicle oil or gas spills pose the greatest impacts at transmission line sites. Improper fueling techniques or maintenance checks can lead to malpractice. Storage and hazardous waste, such as human waste and contaminated soils disposal presents long-term residual effects to ecosystems and human health. Installing infrastructure can decrease the likelihood of lethal events, while training employees and implementing emergency plans can increase response rates and activate protocol safety.


  • Develop a Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasures Plan that includes employee training for spill prevention and cleanup methods.
  • Clean up chemicals, fuels, oils, lubricants, or noxious fluids spills immediately with a spill contaminant absorbent. The spilled fluid will be moved off-site to an approved disposal facility.
  • To mitigate fuel spills, designate fueling and routine equipment maintenance areas.
  • Place absorbent pads or sheets under potential spill sources. To decrease the emergency response rate of leaks, or chemicals and petroleum spills, equip storage and use areas with spill kits.


  • Store hazardous materials in separate containers to prevent accidental mixing, drainage or spillage.
  • Avoid draining hazardous materials in streams, drainage areas or on the ground.
  • Additional chemical and petroleum/oil storage areas will be constructed during drilling operations.


  • Transport solid waste such as paper, plastic and other garbage offsite to an authorized landfill facility.
  • It is not permissible to bury or burn solid waste.
  • Portable toilets will be removed and disposed of off-site.
  • State-permitted septic systems will treat sewage from the power plant on-site.

Emergency Plans

  • All plans fall into the category of accident prevention, emergency response, or public right-to-know.
  • Plans are comprehensive and guide employees through preventative, anticipatory and response actions specific to potential field emergencies. These topics include, on and off-site hazards (i.e. gas, fire, chemical burns and spills), mitigation measures, emergency procedures, heavy equipment and general employee training, chemical limitations, operation and testing procedures (including well blowouts), local emergency response team parameters, and compliance with federal, state and local regulations.
  • After emergencies, employees will write an incident report for site record.


  • Construct containment berms around hazardous material storage.
  • Develop drainage systems to divert storm water away from well pads to mitigate water contamination from chemical leaks or accidental spills.