Solar/Wind Access Policy

From Open Energy Information

< Solar

Solar and wind access laws are designed to establish a right to install and operate a solar or wind energy system at a home or other facility. Some solar access laws also ensure a system owner’s access to sunlight. These laws may be implemented at both the state and local levels. In some states, access rights prohibit homeowners associations, neighborhood covenants and local ordinances from restricting a homeowner’s right to use solar energy. Easements, the most common form of solar access law, allow for the rights to existing access to a renewable resource on the part of one property owner to be secured from an owner whose property could be developed in such a way as to restrict that resource. An easement is usually transferred with the property title. At the local level, communities use several policies to protect solar access, including solar access ordinances, development guidelines requiring proper street orientation, zoning ordinances that contain building height restrictions, and solar permits. [1]



Download all Solar/Wind Access Policies Incentives CSV


Solar/Wind Access Policy Incentives

IncentiveIncentive TypePlaceApplicable SectorEligible TechnologiesActive
Cape Charles - Architectural Guidelines (Virginia)Solar/Wind Access PolicyVirginiaCommercial
Industrial
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
No
City of Ashland - Solar Rights Ordinance (Oregon)Solar/Wind Access PolicyOregonCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Austin - Zoning Code (Texas)Solar/Wind Access PolicyTexasCommercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Custom/Others pending approval
Photovoltaics
Unspecified technologies
Yes
City of Boulder - Solar Access Ordinance (Colorado)Solar/Wind Access PolicyBoulder, ColoradoConstruction
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Davis - Solar Shade Control Act (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaCommercial
Industrial
Residential
General Public/Consumer
Local Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
No
City of Eugene - Solar Standards (Oregon)Solar/Wind Access PolicyOregonResidentialPassive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Gainesville - Public Facilities Siting (Florida)Solar/Wind Access PolicyFloridaConstruction
Local Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Los Angeles - Zoning Code (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaCommercial
Industrial
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Madison - Solar & Wind Access and Planning Laws (Wisconsin)Solar/Wind Access PolicyWisconsinConstructionPassive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Small Wind
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
City of Oakland - Solar Access Ordinance (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaCommercial
Industrial
Residential
No
City of Sacramento - Zoning and Subdivision Regulations (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaCommercial
Industrial
Institutional
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of San Diego - Planned Development Regulations (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaResidential
Construction
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
No
City of San Jose - Solar Access Design Guidelines (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaConstruction
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
City of Santa Cruz - Solar Access Ordinance (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaCommercial
Construction
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
City of Sebastopol - Solar Access (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaLocal GovernmentPassive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Denver - Solar Access (Colorado)Solar/Wind Access PolicyColoradoResidential
Construction
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Photovoltaics
No
Energy Strategy (Prince Edward Island, Canada)Industry Recruitment/Support
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Solar/Wind Access Policy
Prince Edward IslandCommercial
Developer
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Geothermal Electric
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Yes
Marin County - Solar Access Code (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaCommercial
Industrial
Residential
Passive Solar Space HeatYes
New Hampshire - Proper Municipal Regulations to Encourage Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation (New Hampshire)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNew HampshireLocal GovernmentPassive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Photovoltaics
Wind
No
Omnibus Energy Bill of 2013 (Maine)Climate Policies
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Green Power Purchasing
Interconnection
Line Extension Analysis
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Siting and Permitting
Solar/Wind Access Policy
MaineAgricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Energy Storage
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Yes
Palo Alto - Solar Access (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaLocal GovernmentPassive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
No
Portland - Solar Access Permit (Oregon)Solar/Wind Access PolicyOregonCommercial
Industrial
Residential
Schools
Local Government
Construction
State Government
Fed. Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
No
Record is corrupted - don't delete (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaLocal GovernmentPassive Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
No
Renewable Energy Act (Prince Edward Island, Canada)Equipment Certification
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Solar/Wind Access Policy
Prince Edward IslandCommercial
Developer
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Geothermal Electric
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Yes
Renewable Energy Easements & Rights Laws (Florida)Solar/Wind Access PolicyFloridaCommercial
Industrial
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Renewable Energy Rights (Vermont)Solar/Wind Access PolicyVermontCommercial
Industrial
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Residential Solar Rights (New Jersey)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNew JerseyResidentialPhotovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Santa Cruz - Solar Access Ordinance (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaCommercial
Industrial
Residential
Daylighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
No
Santa Cruz County - Solar Access Protection (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaCommercial
Industrial
Residential
Yes
Small Wind Access Law (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaCommercial
Residential
Agricultural
WindNo
Solar Easement and the Solar Shade Control Act (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaCommercial
Industrial
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Local Option Solar Rights Laws (New York)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNew YorkAgricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Local Option Solar Rights Laws (Utah)Solar/Wind Access PolicyUtahCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (Indiana)Solar/Wind Access PolicyIndianaCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (Maryland)Solar/Wind Access PolicyMarylandAgricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (Massachusetts)Solar/Wind Access PolicyMassachusettsCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (Missouri)Solar/Wind Access PolicyMissouriCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (New Mexico)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNew MexicoCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements & Rights Laws (Washington)Solar/Wind Access PolicyWashingtonAgricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Alaska)Solar/Wind Access PolicyAlaskaCommercial
Industrial
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Georgia)Solar/Wind Access PolicyGeorgiaCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Idaho)Solar/Wind Access PolicyIdahoCommercial
Residential
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Iowa)Solar/Wind Access PolicyIowaCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Kansas)Solar/Wind Access PolicyKansasCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Kentucky)Solar/Wind Access PolicyKentuckyCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Daylighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Maine)Solar/Wind Access PolicyMaineCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (New Hampshire)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNew HampshireCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (New Jersey)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNew JerseyCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (North Dakota)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNorth DakotaCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Ohio)Solar/Wind Access PolicyOhioCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Rhode Island)Solar/Wind Access PolicyRhode IslandCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Tennessee)Solar/Wind Access PolicyTennesseeCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Easements (Virginia)Solar/Wind Access PolicyVirginiaAgricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar RightsSolar/Wind Access PolicyWest VirginiaResidentialPhotovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Arizona)Solar/Wind Access PolicyArizonaResidentialDaylighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Hawaii)Solar/Wind Access PolicyHawaiiResidentialPassive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Louisiana)Solar/Wind Access PolicyLouisianaCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Daylighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Maine)Solar/Wind Access PolicyMaineMulti-Family Residential
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (North Carolina)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNorth CarolinaMulti-Family Residential
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Texas)Solar/Wind Access PolicyTexasResidentialPhotovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights (Virginia)Solar/Wind Access PolicyVirginiaLow-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights Act (California)Solar/Wind Access PolicyCaliforniaAgricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
Solar Rights Law (Delaware)Solar/Wind Access PolicyDelawareResidentialPhotovoltaicsYes
Solar and Wind Easements & Local Option Rights Laws (Minnesota)Solar/Wind Access PolicyMinnesotaCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights Law (Oregon)Solar/Wind Access PolicyOregonAgricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws (Nevada)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNevadaCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Solar and Wind Easements (Montana)Solar/Wind Access PolicyMontanaCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws (Nebraska)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNebraskaCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Solar and Wind RightsSolar/Wind Access PolicyIllinoisResidentialDaylighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Pool Heating
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Solar and Wind Rights (Wisconsin)Solar/Wind Access PolicyWisconsinCommercial
Fed. Government
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Solar, Wind, and Energy Efficiency Easements and Rights Laws (Colorado)Solar/Wind Access PolicyColoradoResidentialLighting
Passive Solar Space Heat
Photovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Town of Chapel Hill - Land-Use Management Ordinance (North Carolina)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNorth CarolinaResidentialPhotovoltaics
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Yes
U.S. Virgin Islands - Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws (Virgin Islands)Solar/Wind Access PolicyUnited States Virgin IslandsCommercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Photovoltaics
Small Wind
Solar Space Heat
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Wind Easements (North Dakota)Solar/Wind Access PolicyNorth DakotaAgricultural
Fed. Government
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
WindYes
Wind Easements (South Dakota)Solar/Wind Access PolicySouth DakotaAgricultural
Fed. Government
Institutional
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State Government
Tribal Government
WindYes
Wind Energy Act (Maine)Siting and Permitting
Solar/Wind Access Policy
MaineAgricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Wind energyYes


References

  1. DSIRE Glossary