Solar+Storage/Publications & Resources
Publications, Citations & Links
- Joyce McLaren, Kate Anderson, Nick Laws, Pieter Gagnon, Nicholas DiOrion, Xiangkun Li. 2018. Identifying CriticalFactors in the Cost-Effectiveness of Solar and Battery Storage in Commercial Buildings. NREL/PR-6A20-70813. https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy18osti/70813.pdf.
- McLaren, Joyce, Seth Mullendore, Nicholas Laws, Kate Anderson. 2018. Valuing the Resilience Provided by Solar and Battery Energy Storage Systems. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy18osti/70679.pdf.
- Demand Charge Webinar Download
- Demand Charge Data Download
- McLaren, Joyce, Seth Mullendore, Pieter Gagnon, Nicholas Laws. 2017. Identifying Potential Markets for Behind-the-Meter Battery Energy Storage: A Survey of U.S. Demand Charges. NREL/BR-6A20-68963. Golden, CO:National Renewable Energy Laboratory. https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy17osti/68963.pdf.
Citations & Links
- PV cost assumptions were developed from:
NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). 2016 Annual Technology Baseline (ATB). Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/data_tech_baseline.html
- Storage cost assumptions are based on cost data collected by NREL, summarized in: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy17osti/67235.pdf
- Utility Rate Database: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Utility_Rate_Database
- Renewable Energy Optimization Model description: https://reopt.nrel.gov/
- U.S. Climate Zones:
- Load profiles are based on the Department of Energy Commercial Reference Buildings (https://energy.gov/eere/buildings/commercial-reference-buildings) using Energy Plus Software (https://www.energyplus.net/).
When installed with the proper islanding and control systems, behind-the-meter solar+storage systems can provide backup power to critical electrical loads and extend the capacity of existing backup generators during extended outages. However, the value of this resilient power benefit is difficult to quantify. Despite being valued highly by stakeholders, resiliency is not easily monetizable by developers.
NREL has developed a methodology to consider the value of resiliency in our optimization model. This methodology is employed as part of this cost-modeling project, and is used in NREL technical assistance efforts as part of the NREL Resilience Roadmap for Federal, State, Local disaster planning.
Solar+Storage: Reducing Barriers through Cost-Optimization and Market Characterization is a joint endeavor of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Clean Energy Group. The research seeks to elucidate the emerging market for distributed solar paired with battery energy storage (solar+storage). The two-year research initiative, ending in 2017, is funded under the Department of Energy’s Sunshot Initiative.