RAPID/Roadmap/18 (2)

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Bulk Transmission Waste and Hazardous Material Assessment Overview (18)

A bulk transmission developer should consider whether the project will generate, dispose of, or store waste or hazardous material. The use of underground and aboveground storage tanks, discovery of waste at a site or the production of waste by a bulk transmission project may trigger the requirement for additional permits.


The construction of a bulk transmission project may generate solid and industrial waste. Solid wastes, likely nonhazardous, may include containers, packaging materials, and wastes from equipment assembly and construction crews. Industrial wastes may include minor amounts of fuels, spent vehicle and equipment fluids (e.g., lubricating oils, hydraulic fluids, battery electrolytes, glycol coolants). Hazardous materials may include compressed gases used for welding, and cutting brazing, dielectric fluids, and oils.

Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development – Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Website.

Check with local, state, and federal governments to apply for the appropriate permit or necessary approval.



Waste and Hazardous Material Assessment Overview Process

18.1 to 18.2 – Is a Non-Excluded Hazardous Waste Discovered at the Site?

If hazardous waste is discovered at the site, the developer will need to notify the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and possibly a state or tribal agency with jurisdiction over the project. After notifying the EPA and/or applicable state or tribal agency the project will either the Superfund cleanup process under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (42 U.S.C. §§ 9601 et seq.) (CERCLA) or a state or tribal brownfields response program.

For more information, see:

CERCLA Review:
18-FD-a

18.3 to 18.5 – Will the Project Require Use of an Aboveground Storage Tank?

If the project will require use of an aboveground storage tank, the developer may have to complete the EPA Aboveground Storage Tank Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure requirements.

For more information, see:

Aboveground Storage Tank Approval:
18-FD-b

In addition, if the project will require the use of an aboveground storage tank to store petroleum or hazardous substances, the project may need an Aboveground Storage Tank Permit or approval from the authorized state agency.

Currently, the RAPID Toolkit does not have state specific content regarding waste and hazardous material approvals process for transmission development.

18.6 to 18.7 – Will the Project Require Use of an Underground Storage Tank?

If the project will require the use of an underground storage tank to store petroleum or hazardous substances, the project will need a Underground Storage Tank Permit from the authorized state agency. For example, a bulk transmission facility may require an underground storage tank for surge, raw water, generation lube oil, fuel for standby generators, and refueling stations (with diesel and gas storage tanks) during construction.

Currently, the RAPID Toolkit does not have state specific content regarding waste and hazardous material approvals process for transmission development.

18.8 to 18.9 – Will the Project Be Constructed on a Brownfield Site?

The Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act authorizes the EPA to provide grants to certain developers (including state and local governments, government entities, and in some cases non-profit organizations) for the assessment and cleanup of brownfields. “Brownfields” are defined by the Brownfields Law as “…real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presences or potential presence of a hazardous substances, pollutant, or contaminant.” See 42 U.S.C. § 9601(39) – CERCLA Regulation Definitions. For more information on the grant application process, see:

Brownfield Grant Application:
18-FD-c

18.10 to 18.11 – Will the Project Generate, Treat, Store, or Dispose of Petroleum or a Non-Excluded Hazardous Waste?

The developer needs to evaluate the project and determine whether the project will generate, treat, store, or dispose of petroleum or non-excluded hazardous waste. Through the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (42 U.S.C. §§ 6901 et seq.) (RCRA), Congress authorized the EPA to manage hazardous waste (and encourage states to develop plans to manage non-hazardous industrial solid waste). The EPA promulgates RCRA regulations in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Parts 239-299. The provisions in 40 CFR 261.3 provide the federal definition of hazardous waste, while the provisions in 40 CFR 261.4(b) list federal exclusions from the definition of hazardous waste. However, a state may classify hazardous wastes differently and require a hazardous waste facility permit for waste associated with energy production.

Currently, the RAPID Toolkit does not have state specific content regarding waste and hazardous material approvals process for transmission development.

18.12 – No Approval Needed; Continue with Project