Missouri Land Use Planning (1-MO-a)
Land Use Planning Process
1-MO-a.1 – Land Use Planning Delegated to Municipal Planning Commissions
In Missouri, land use planning is delegated to municipal planning commissions. Under the State’s Zoning Enabling Act, municipal planning commissions must “make and adopt a city plan for the physical development of the municipality.” Mo. Rev. Stat. § 89.340.
When creating a city plan, planning commissions can make recommendations regarding the physical development of the municipality, including “the general location and extent of public utilities and terminals.” Mo. Rev. Stat. § 89.340. No public utility, whether public or private, may be constructed without approval from the local planning commission, with regard to the “location, extent and character” of the utility. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 89.380.
The Zoning Enabling Act also authorizes local municipalities to create zoning districts within their respective jurisdictions and to enact zoning and land use regulations for each district. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 89.030. The legislative bodies of all cities, towns, and villages have the power to regulate and restrict the size of buildings and other structures, and the location and use of buildings, structures, and land for “trade, industry, residence or other purposes” in order to promote the health, safety, and general welfare of the community. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 89.020. All zoning regulations must be made in accordance with the comprehensive city plan and must be made with reasonable consideration of the “character of the district and its peculiar suitability for particular uses, and with a view to conserving the values of buildings and encouraging the most appropriate use of land.” Mo. Rev. Stat. § 89.040.
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