Utility Rate Database

From Open Energy Information

Utility Rate Database

URDB Logo.png

Electric Utility Rates

The Utility Rate Database (URDB) is a free storehouse of rate structure information from utilities in the United States. The URDB includes rates for utilities based on the authoritative list of U.S. utility companies maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Information Administration.

rates have been contributed for 3,829 EIA-recognized utility companies.

Browse U.S. Rates

Browse International Rates

Download all approved U.S. rates in csv/gzip format or json/gzip format (documentation)
Download all approved International rates in csv/gzip format or json/gzip format (documentation)

Utility Rate Database Description

The Utility Rate Database (URDB) provides rate structure information for over 3,700 U.S. utilities. Rates are checked and updated annually by NREL under the supervision of rate expert . Each record indicates the date of the last update.

Rates for Belize were added in 2015 as a beta version of international rates and are available via the International Rates link.

The URDB allows you to search for your utility and rates to find out exactly how you are charged for your electric energy usage. Understanding this information can help reduce your bill, for example, by running your appliances during off-peak hours (times during the day when electricity prices are less expensive) and help you make more informed decisions regarding your energy usage.

Rates are also extremely important to the energy analysis community for accurately determining the value and economics of distributed generation such as solar and wind power. The URDB allows anyone to access these rates via bulk download, web interface, or computer-readable Application Programming Interface (API) for use in their tools and models. OpenEI provides an API for software to automatically download the appropriate rates, thereby allowing detailed economic analysis to be done without ever having to directly handle complex rate structures.

NREL’s System Advisor Model or SAM (formerly Solar Advisor Model) has the ability to communicate with the URDB over the internet. SAM can download any rate from the URDB directly into the program, thereby enabling users to conduct detailed studies on various power systems ranging in size from a small residential rooftop solar system to large utility scale installations.

Work is underway at NREL to develop more efficient and timely ways to gather the data that makes up the URDB. NREL has formed a working group with utilities and industry to explore options for adopting a standard machine-readable format that utilities could use to publish their rates, and that the URDB could use to harvest data in a more timely, less labor-intensive manner. If you’d like more information about this activity, contact solar.tools@nrel.gov.

Utility Rate Database Visualization

Utility rate coverage on OpenEI

Utility rates per
utility company
OpenEI Utility Rate Coverage

How Can the Utility Rate Database be Used?

Using the System Advisor Model with the URDB enables users to perform economic analyses of energy systems. The Impacts of Utility Rates and Building Type on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems evaluates solar value for different rate structures across the United States.

Number of Utility Companies by State

Click on a state to view summaries of energy information for that state.

See a list of all U.S. utility companies and aliases

Average Energy Prices

Map of average US residential electricity price by utility service territory (EIA 2013 data)

Map of average US residential electricity price by utility service territory (EIA 2013 data).

Utility Rate Database API

Webservice.pngTrying to get this data by web service? Check out the utility rate API

Other Utility Rates Resources

Looking for a list of all U.S. utilities by zip code? Find the latest data as a csv. Note: This file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database above.

System Advisor Model

Sam screenshot.jpg

NREL's System Advisor Model now integrates with OpenEI's utility rates, which aids analysis of simple net metered rates as well as complex rate structures that include time-of-use rates, demand charges, tiered rates, fixed monthly fees, adjustment riders, and separate buy and sell rates.