Definition: Ampere

From Open Energy Information



A unit of measure for electric current that refers to the amount of electric charge passing a point per unit of time; frequently abbreviated to “amp".[1][2]

Wikipedia Definition

The ampere (/ˈæmpɛər/, US: /ˈæmpɪər/; symbol: A), often shortened to amp, is the base unit of electric current in the International System of Units (SI). It is named after André-Marie Ampère (1775–1836), French mathematician and physicist, considered the father of electromagnetism. The International System of Units defines the ampere in terms of other base units by measuring the electromagnetic force between electrical conductors carrying electric current. The earlier CGS system had two different definitions of current, one essentially the same as the SI's and the other using electric charge as the base unit, with the unit of charge defined by measuring the force between two charged metal plates. The ampere was then defined as one coulomb of charge per second. In SI, the unit of charge, the coulomb, is defined as the charge carried by one ampere during one second. New definitions, in terms of invariant constants of nature, specifically the elementary charge, took effect on 20 May 2019.

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Related Terms
Electric current