A Global Technology Roadmap on Carbon Capture and Storage in Industry
"CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) is a key technology option for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions mitigation. Recent studies suggest that CCS would contribute 19% of the total global mitigation that is needed for halving global GHG emissions by 2050. To date, while there has been significant effort in assessing such technology in the context of power generation, much less attention has been paid to the industry despite the significant potential for emission reductions, particularly in developing countries. Developing countries account for the majority of industrial energy use and CO2 emissions, and should therefore be informed and participate in technology development and deployment.
Thus, industry CCS is a good opportunity to consider as emerging key low-carbon technology through deployment in the developing world. Preliminary analysis suggests that CCS is especially suited for large-scale industrial processes, specifically: refineries, biofuel production, iron making, cement making, ammonia production, and chemical pulp production. There remain significant knowledge gaps in moving towards commercial implementation and meeting this potential, especially in industry. This project seeks to address these obstacles by developing a technology roadmap for CCS in various industry sectors, and complements ongoing technology road-mapping exercises for other key energy technologies."