USDA - Repowering Assistance Biorefinery Program (Federal)

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Last modified on February 12, 2015.

Financial Incentive Program

Place United States

Name USDA - Repowering Assistance Biorefinery Program
Incentive Type Federal Grant Program
Applicable Sector Commercial, Industrial, Local Government, Construction, Utility, State Government, Tribal Government, Fed. Government, Municipal Utility, Investor-Owned Utility, Rural Electric Cooperative, Agricultural, Institutional
Eligible Technologies Landfill Gas, Biomass, Municipal Solid Waste, Ethanol, Biodiesel
Active Incentive Yes
Implementing Sector Federal
Energy Category Renewable Energy Incentive Programs
Amount Varies

Equipment Requirements A facility (including equipment and processes) that converts renewable biomass into biofuels and biobased products, and may produce electricity.

Installation Requirements Biorefineries must have been in existence on or before June 18, 2008

Maximum Incentive 50% of the total project costs

Program Administrator US Department of Agriculture

References DSIREDatabase of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency[1]


The Repowering Assistance Program provides payments to eligible biorefineries to replace fossil fuels used to produce heat or power to operate the biorefineries with renewable biomass. Reimbursement payments are provided to offset a portion of the costs associated with the conversion of existing fossil fuel systems to renewable biomass fuel systems.

The reimbursement amounts vary and are determined by the availability of funds, the project scope, and the ability of the proposed project to meet all the scoring criteria. In particular reimbursement amounts are calculated by the percentage reduction in fossil fuel used by the biorefinery, the quantity of fossil fuels replaced by a renewable biomass system, and the cost effectiveness of the renewable biomass system. The program will provide reimbursement payments for eligible project costs of the renewable biomass system during the construction phase of the repowering project. Up to 90% of the funds can be utilized during project construction, with the remaining 10% made upon demonstration of successful completion of the project. A maximum of 50% of the total project costs can be reimbursed, as long as amount does not exceed the maximum award for the fiscal year.

Eligible technologies may include, but are not limited to, anaerobic digesters, processed steam, biomass boilers, or combined heat and power technologies (CHP). Applicants must demonstrate, at the time of application, that the proposed site has direct access to biomass or third party commitments to supply biomass for the repowering project for at least three years.

Payments are made for eligible post-application costs incurred during the construction phase of the repowering project.

Congress allocated $35 million for FY 2009, in addition to up to $15 million in discretionary funds annually beginning in FY 2009. The American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 extended discretionary funding through FY 2013.

Incentive Contact

Department U.S. Department of Agriculture
Division Rural Business - Cooperative Service
Address USDA/RBS, Room 5045-S, Mail Stop 3201
Address 2 1400 Independence Avenue SW
Place Washington, District of Columbia
Zip/Postal Code 20250-3201
Phone (202) 690-4730


Authorities (Please contact the if there are any file problems.)

Authority 1: Repowering Assistance Payment Instructions

Authority 2: 9004 Interim Rule
Date Effective 2011-03-14

Authority 3: 7 USC § 8104

Authority 4: H.R. 8 (American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012)
Date Effective 2013-01-02
Date Enacted 2013-01-02

  • Incentive and policy data are reviewed and approved by the N.C. Solar Center's DSIRE project staff.[1]


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