Stage 4: Prioritizing and Planning for Actions
- 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities
- 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country
- 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives
- 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development
- Greenhouse Gas Inventory Development Toolkit
- 3a. Analytical Decision Making - Developing BAU Scenario
- 3b. Analytical Decision Making - Assessing Opportunities
- 3b.1. Assess technical potential for sector technologies
- Renewable Energy Technical Potential Toolkit
- Building Energy Assessment Toolkit
- Power System Screening and Design Toolkit
- Land Use Assessment Toolkit
- Bioenergy Assessment Toolkit
- Transportation Assessment Toolkit
- 3b.2. Assess economic and market potential of technologies and initiatives
- Clean Energy Market Analysis Toolkit
- 3b.3. Prioritize development options
- 3c. Analytical Decision Making - Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios
- 3c.1. Develop low emissions growth scenarios
- 3c.2. Assess institutional framework for LEDS
- Financing Initiatives Toolkit
- Policy and Program Design Toolkit
- 3c.3. Assess in-depth contributions of selected scenarios to goals across sectors
- Land-use Scenario Analysis Toolkit
- Energy System and Scenario Analysis Toolkit
- 3c.4. Perform multi-criteria impact analysis and assess stakeholder responses
- Clean Energy Impact Assessment Tool
- Sustainable Land-use Impact Assessment Toolkit
4.1 Preparations for Implementation
Implementation plans require significant investments in time and resources. All stages of this framework highlight elements critical to implementation, e.g., assessing the ability to attract private investment and the capacity needed to implement each proposed policy. This stage highlights identifying and implementing an initial high priority action to achieve near-term and concrete results.
The following stage emphasizes developing a detailed plan for monitoring, evaluating, and refining LEDS over time and the prioritization of activities should keep options for monitoring and evaluation in mind. It is important that monitoring and evaluation plans be tailored to meet specific country needs (e.g., to meet international carbon reduction standards in order to sell reductions in international markets).
Establish criteria for prioritizing the possible actions identified in Stage 3.
4.1.1 Review and refine proposed actions using context-relevant criteria
There are a variety of different criteria, methods, and analyses that can be used to prioritize LEDS options. They include, but are not limited to, the following and all can be used in combination with each other as need and capacity dictate:
- Stakeholder consultations
- Cost-benefit analysis
- Social and economic development impacts
- Greenhouse gas mitigation potential
- Technical, institutional and regulatory capacity for implementation
- Market acceptance
- Political and financial feasibility
- Applicability of international policy best practices and lessons learned
- Risk assessments
Individual country contexts will drive which criteria are most important. A key overarching consideration should also be the time frame for each action and how that aligns with the goals and targets set out in the LEDS and relevant national development documents and strategies. Along those lines, it can also be valuable to make sure to include short-term achievable goals to provide for some momentum and encouragement once the implementation phase begins.
4.1.2 Refine action design as necessary and finalize action recommendations
While finalizing a comprehensive suite of priority actions, it may be helpful to revisit each one to ensure they all fit together after having analyzed them one by one. For example, available resources and constraints on action can be considered alongside the distribution across sectors and involved ministries for the prioritized actions.
4.1.3 Integrate finance mechanisms into implementation plans
Some of the important barriers to investment to consider include:
- Real and perceived investment risks
- Higher costs for some low-emissions technologies or practices that can diminish returns relative to other higher emissions alternatives
- Competing, inconsistent, or distortionary subsidies and policies
- Insufficient capacity and technical expertise in the domestic financial sector (such as thinly traded financial markets or lack of technical expertise in evaluating renewable energy projects)
- Competing development priorities
- Fragmented and poorly coordinated international cooperation efforts
Those are common investment barriers that policymakers are likely familiar with, but there are some specific actions that can be taken to support the available financing for LEDS implementation as well, such as:
- Designing clear, long-term policies and regulations that signal stability and reliability to investors
- Align incentives and subsidies with LEDS goals and actions
- Leverage public funds to "de-risk" projects (e.g. through concessional loans, insurance, or loan backstops) or enter into public-private partnerships to support their implementation and joint funding
- Establish dedicated funds for LEDS implementation
4.1.4 Identify responsible agencies
At this step stakeholders can identify agencies responsible for implementation of each measure in the plan and for monitoring and review of the plan. The responsible agencies will depend on the country-context and prioritized LEDS actions but could include ministries for finance, transportation, natural resources and the environment, trade, investment promotion, and agriculture. Clearly identifying responsible agencies will be important for accountability and in turn successful implementation and monitoring/evaluation.
4.1.5 Gain country leadership endorsement of the goals and commitment to implement actions towards those goals
Building upon Step 4.1.5, a key aspect of broader stakeholder engagement will be integrating important leaders from across the government, civil society, and the private sector into the planning and securing their buy-in. For example, it may be important to Work with the ministries of finance and/or planning to ensure budget line items for implementation meet need. On the private sector side, establishing industry-level plans with key business leaders may also be helpful.
4.1.6 Work with lead agencies to develop detailed implementation plans for each measure
- Implementation plan with timetable, roles and responsibilities, performance metrics, outreach and partnership activities, and plan for continuous monitoring and refinement LEDS implementation financing plan
- Public sector – domestic and international
- Private sector
- Current status of enabling environment for investment
- Recommendations on how to improve investment environment
- The responsible agencies will prepare detailed implementation plans related to each energy and land-use measure to ensure that actions proceed the planning process.
- The agencies will also develop a LEDS financing plan that seeks to harness public and private sector, domestic and international, financial and revenue flows.
4.1.7 Modify targets identified in the pathways analysis to be specific and measureable
Targets for deployment of technologies and land-use initiatives that were identified in stage 3c should be associated with specific measurement indices and actions. The following sub-steps can support this process.
- Establish performance indicators and process for measuring and reporting performance.
- Determine evaluation tools related to the previous sub-step and collect baseline data.
The following background documents can be used to inform this process.
The following are example products from other countries associated with this stage.
4.1.8 Establish process for an annual stakeholder review of progress and for refining the plan
- Design of measurement and monitoring system for emissions and removals
- Design of monitoring system for development and environment co-benefits
- Monitoring of LEDS implementation benchmarks
Stakeholders should meet annually to review progress related to the low emission development strategy and to further refine the plan based on changing national circumstances.
- To be added: Stakeholder review guide
- To be added: examples