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Salt Wells Geothermal Area
AvgGeoFluidTemp 413.15 K (140 °C, 284 °F, 743.67 °R)  +
AvgReservoirDepth 145 m (0.145 km, 0.0901 mi, 475.722 ft, 158.573 yd)  +
BoundingCoordinatesNE 39.3739°, -118.5222°Latitude: 39.373797521201
Longitude: -118.52208557129
  +
BoundingCoordinatesSW 39.2569°, -118.5994°Latitude: 39.256947103946
Longitude: -118.59936218262
  +
BrineConstituents Cl, Na, SO<sub>4</sub>, SiO<sub>2</sub>, HCO<sub>3</sub>, and minor Ca, K  +
BrophyModel Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource +
CSC-Status Completed  +
CaseStudyApproval Approved  +
CaseStudyPriority 4 - Not Assigned  +
CaseStudyTeam CSC/NREL Interns +
Coordinates 39.3153°, -118.5608°Latitude: 39.315372312574
Longitude: -118.56072387695
  +
EstReservoirVol 16.59 m³ (1.659e-8 km³, 3.980153e-9 mi³, 585.87 ft³, 21.699 yd³, 16,590 L, 104.348 bbl(oil), 139.131 bbl(US), 4,382.614 gal(US))  +
FirstWellDate January 1, 1980  +
FirstWellDepth 162 m (0.162 km, 0.101 mi, 531.496 ft, 177.165 yd)  +
FirstWellFlowRate 3.1 kg/s  +
FirstWellName “Slim hole discovery well”  +
FirstWellTemp 406.15 K (133 °C, 271.4 °F, 731.07 °R)  +
GeothermalRegion Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region +
MeanCapacity 23.6 MW (23,600 kW, 23,600,000 W, 23,600,000,000 mW, 0.0236 GW, 2.36e-5 TW, 2.36e-8 PW, 2.36e-11 EW, 2.36e-14 ZW)  +
MeanReservoirTemp 466.15 K (193 °C, 379.4 °F, 839.07 °R)  +
ModernGeoFeatures Hot Springs + , Warm or Steaming Ground +
MoeckBeardsmoreType CV-3: Extensional Domain +
Name Salt Wells Geothermal Area  +
NetProdCapacity 20.2 MW (20,200 kW, 20,200,000 W, 20,200,000,000 mW, 0.0202 GW, 2.02e-5 TW, 2.02e-8 PW, 2.02e-11 EW, 2.02e-14 ZW)  +
NumInjectionWells 4? +
NumProductionWells 6? +
OpenEI/PageDescription Salt Wells Geothermal Area is a known Geothermal Resource Area.  +
OpenEI/PageKeyword Geothermal  + , energy  + , geothermal resource  + , potential  + , area  + , Nevada  + , Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region  + , Operational  +
Owners Enel North America +
PartOf Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region +
Place Nevada: Energy Resources +
ReferenceForAvgGeoFluidTemp Mapping Hydrothermal Upwelling and Outflow Zones: Preliminary Results from Two-Meter Temperature Data and Geologic Analysis at Lee Allen Springs and Salt Wells Basin +
ReferenceForBennettWernickeNiemiFriedrichDavis2003 Contemporary Strain Rates in the Northern Basin and Range Province from GPS Data +
ReferenceForBlackwellLeidigSmithJohnsonWisian2002 Exploration and Development Techniques for Basin and Range Geothermal Systems: Examples from Dixie Valley, Nevada +
ReferenceForBrineConstituents Surface Indicators of Geothermal Activity at Salt Wells, Nevada, USA, Including Warm Ground, Borate Deposits, and Siliceous Alteration +
ReferenceForBureau of Land Management2011 BLM Fact Sheet- Vulcan Power Company Salt Wells Geothermal Energy Project + , BLM Fact Sheet- Ormat Technologies Salt Wells Geothermal Energy Project +
ReferenceForCaskeyBellRamelliWesnousky2004 Historic Surface Faulting and Paleoseismicity in the Area of the 1954 Rainbow Mountain-Stillwater Earthquake Sequence, Central Nevada +
ReferenceForChristensenMooreCapuano1980 Trace Element Geochemical Zoning in the Roosevelt Hot Springs Thermal Area, Utah +
ReferenceForColganDumitruElizabeth L. Miller2004 Diachroneity of Basin and Range Extension and Yellowstone Hotspot Volcanism in Northwestern Nevada +
ReferenceForCombsFingerGoransonHockox Jr.JacobsenPolik1999 Slimhole Handbook- Procedures and Recommendations for Slimhole Drilling and Testing in Geothermal Exploration +
ReferenceForControlStructure Characterizing Structural Controls of Geothermal Fields in the Northwestern Great Basin- A Progress Report + , Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA +
ReferenceForCoolbaughSladekFauldsZehnerOppliger2007 Use of Rapid Temperature Measurements at a 2-Meter Depth to Augment Deeper Temperature Gradient Drilling +
ReferenceForCoolbaughSladekKrattEdomondo2004 Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With GPS Units And Pocket Computers +
ReferenceForCoolbaughSladekKrattShevenell2006 Surface Indicators of Geothermal Activity at Salt Wells, Nevada, USA, Including Warm Ground, Borate Deposits, and Siliceous Alteration +
ReferenceForEdmistonBenoit1984 Characteristics of Basin and Range Geothermal Systems with Fluid Temperatures of 150°C to 200°C +
ReferenceForEdmondo2002 Digital Geologic Field Mapping Using Arcpad, In: Digital Mapping Techniques ’02- Workshop Proceedings +
ReferenceForEnel2008 2007 Annual Report +
ReferenceForEstReservoirVol New Geothermal Site Identification and Qualification +
ReferenceForFauldsCoolbaughBlewittHenry2004 Why Is Nevada in Hot Water? Structural Controls and Tectonic Model of Geothermal Systems in the Northwestern Great Basin +
ReferenceForFauldsCoolbaughViceEdwards2006 Characterizing Structural Controls of Geothermal Fields in the Northwestern Great Basin- A Progress Report +
ReferenceForFauldsGarsideOppliger2003 Structural Analysis of the Desert Peak-Brady Geothermal Fields, Northwestern Nevada: Implications for Understanding Linkages Between Northeast-Trending Structures and Geothermal Reservoirs in the Humboldt Structural Zone +
ReferenceForFauldsHinzCoolbaughCashmanKrattDeringEdwardsMayhewMcLachlan2011 Assessment of Favorable Structural Settings of Geothermal Systems in the Great Basin, Western USA +
ReferenceForFirstWellDepth Slimhole Handbook- Procedures and Recommendations for Slimhole Drilling and Testing in Geothermal Exploration +
ReferenceForFirstWellFlowRate Slimhole Handbook- Procedures and Recommendations for Slimhole Drilling and Testing in Geothermal Exploration +
ReferenceForFirstWellTemp Slimhole Handbook- Procedures and Recommendations for Slimhole Drilling and Testing in Geothermal Exploration +
ReferenceForGarside1973 Radioactive Mineral Occurences in Nevada +
ReferenceForGarsideSchilling1979 Thermal Waters of Nevada +
ReferenceForHammondThatcher2004 Contemporary Tectonic Deformation of the Basin and Range Province, Western United States: 10 Years of Observation with the Global Positioning System +
ReferenceForHenkle Jr.GundersenGunderson2005 Mercury Geochemical, Groundwater Geochemical, And Radiometric Geophysical Signatures At Three Geothermal Prospects In Northern Nevada +
ReferenceForHenryPerkins2001 Sierra Nevada–Basin and Range Transition Near Reno, Nevada: Two-Stage Development at 12 and 3 Ma +
ReferenceForJohnsonHulen2002 Subsurface Stratigraphy, Structure, and Alteration in the Senator Thermal Area, Northern Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada-Initial Results from Injection Well 38-32, and a New Structural Scenario for the Stillwater Escarpment +
ReferenceForKrattCoolbaughCalvin2006 Remote Detection of Quaternary Borate Deposits with ASTER Satellite Imagery as a Geothermal Exploration Tool +
ReferenceForKrattCoolbaughPeppinSladek2009 Identification of a New Blind Geothermal System with Hyperspectral Remote Sensing and Shallow Temperature Measurements at Columbus Salt Marsh, Esmeralda County, Nevada +
ReferenceForKreemerBlewittHammond2009 Geodetic Constraints on Contemporary Deformation in the Northern Walker Lane: 2. Velocity and Strain Rate Tensor Analysis- In: Late Cenozoic Structure and Evolution of the Great Basin-Sierra Nevada Transition +
ReferenceForMatlickShiraki1981 Evaluation of the Mercury Soil Mapping Geothermal Exploration Techniques +
ReferenceForMeanCapacity Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 12-3: Data Tables and graphs of geothermal power production in Nevada 1985-2011, 2012 +
ReferenceForMeanReservoirTemp New Geothermal Site Identification and Qualification +
ReferenceForModernGeoFeatures Characteristics of Basin and Range Geothermal Systems with Fluid Temperatures of 150°C to 200°C + , Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With GPS Units And Pocket Computers + , Surface Indicators of Geothermal Activity at Salt Wells, Nevada, USA, Including Warm Ground, Borate Deposits, and Siliceous Alteration +
ReferenceForMontgomeryBowersKofoed2005 Characterization Of Geothermal Resources Using New Geophysical Technology +
ReferenceForMorrison1964 Lake Lahontan: Geology of Southern Carson Desert, Nevada +
ReferenceForNumInjWells Salt Wells, Eight Mile Flat +
ReferenceForNumProdWells Salt Wells, Eight Mile Flat +
ReferenceForRelictGeoFeatures Lake Lahontan: Geology of Southern Carson Desert, Nevada + , Characteristics of Basin and Range Geothermal Systems with Fluid Temperatures of 150°C to 200°C + , Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With GPS Units And Pocket Computers + , Surface Indicators of Geothermal Activity at Salt Wells, Nevada, USA, Including Warm Ground, Borate Deposits, and Siliceous Alteration +
ReferenceForReservoirBotDepth Fact Sheet +
ReferenceForReservoirTemp Characterizing Structural Controls of Geothermal Fields in the Northwestern Great Basin- A Progress Report +
ReferenceForReservoirTopDepth Fact Sheet +
ReferenceForRussell1885 Geological History of Lake Lahontan, a Quaternary Lake of Northwestern Nevada +
ReferenceForSalinityLow Surface Indicators of Geothermal Activity at Salt Wells, Nevada, USA, Including Warm Ground, Borate Deposits, and Siliceous Alteration +
ReferenceForSennott2009 Enel Green Power- Innovative Geothermal Power for Nevada +
ReferenceForShevenellGarside2003 Geochemical Sampling of Thermal Waters in Nevada +
ReferenceForSkordCashmanCoolbaughHinz2011 Mapping Hydrothermal Upwelling and Outflow Zones: Preliminary Results from Two-Meter Temperature Data and Geologic Analysis at Lee Allen Springs and Salt Wells Basin +
ReferenceForSladekCoolbaughKratt2009 Improvements in Shallow (Two-Meter) Temperature Measurements and Data Interpretation +
ReferenceForSmith2003 Thermally Speciated Mercury in Mineral Exploration +
ReferenceForSnowBatini2008 Enel North America Utah Geothermal Working Group Meeting +
ReferenceForSurplessStockliDumitruMiller2002 Two-Phase Westward Encroachment of Basin and Range Extension into the Northern Sierra Nevada +
ReferenceForWaibelBlackwellEllis2003 The Humboldt House-Rye Patch Geothermal District: An Interim View +
ReferenceForWhiteHinkleBarnes1970 Mercury Contents of Natural Thermal and Mineral Fluids, In- U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 713 +
ReferenceForWilldenSpeed1974 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Churchill County, Nevada +
ReferenceForhttp://www.blm.gov/nv/st/en/fo/carson city field/blm information/nepa/salt wells energy.html Salt Wells Geothermal Energy Projects Environmental Impact Statement +
ReferenceForhttp://www.blm.gov/nv/st/en/fo/carson city field/blm information/nepa/salt wells geothermal0.html Salt Wells Geothermal Exploratory Drilling Program EA (DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2009-0006-EA) +
ReferenceForhttp://www.blm.gov/nv/st/en/fo/carson city field/blm information/newsroom/2011/september/blm approves salt.html BLM Approves Salt Wells Geothermal Energy Projects +
ReferenceForhttp://www.blm.gov/nv/st/en/info/newsroom/Carson City News Archives/2005/02/blm approves salt.html BLM Approves Salt Wells Geothermal Plant in Churchill County +
ReferenceForhttp://www.onlinenevada.org/articles/salt-wells-eight-mile-flat Salt Wells, Eight Mile Flat +
RelictGeoFeatures Argillic-Advanced Argillic Alteration + , Carbonate Deposition + , Other Hydrothermal Alteration Products + , Silica Deposition + , Silicification +
ReservoirBotDepth 213 m (0.213 km, 0.132 mi, 698.819 ft, 232.939 yd)  +
ReservoirTemp 493.15 K (220 °C, 428 °F, 887.67 °R)  +
ReservoirTopDepth 76 m (0.076 km, 0.0472 mi, 249.344 ft, 83.114 yd)  +
SalinityLow 1,300  +
SanyalTempReservoir Low Temperature +
SanyalTempWellhead Very Low Temperature +
TechProbSolutions Both the Stillwater and Salt Wells plants
Both the Stillwater and Salt Wells plants have suffered from utility tie-line issues due to their remote locations and have resulted in loss-of-full-load events at the plants. These events have the potential to cause generator overspeed trips, which in turn can result in total plant shutdowns. Addressing these issues is technically challenging and responding to a loss-of-full-load event is similarly difficult, with full recovery taking hours or even days in extreme cases. Concerns over the plant’s ability to maintain capacity prompted Enel to install a new turbine generator control system that was able to quickly respond to loss-of-full-load situations. The control system is able to automatically switch from load control to frequency control (island mode) upon sensing a utility tie breaker open condition, providing the plant with power to maintain parasitic loads. The new control system was installed by CSE Engineering, Inc. and utilizes the Woodward 505 enhanced controller system, selected due to its rapid scan rates and anticipation logic that would detect a loss-of-load condition. The 505 controller is able to sense the rate of change of the turbine generator to quickly detect when a power loss situation is occurring, and automatically responds to this event by stepping the turbine steam valve to the correct position. Alongside the 505 system, Woodward ProTech 203 overspeed protection devices were used on the generators to safeguard each unit from overspeed trips.
safeguard each unit from overspeed trips.  +
TectonicSetting Extensional Tectonics +
TopoFeatures Horst and Graben +
VolcanicAge No recent volcanism  +
Has query
"Has query" is a predefined property that represents meta information (in form of a subobject) about individual queries and is provided by Semantic MediaWiki.
Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area +
Has processing error
"Has processing error" is a predefined property provided by Semantic MediaWiki and represents errors that appeared in connection with improper value annotations or input processing.
Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area + , Salt Wells Geothermal Area +
Categories Geothermal Resource Areas , Completed Case Study , Geothermal , Missing Required Information
Modification date
"Modification date" is a predefined property that corresponds to the date of the last modification of a subject and is provided by Semantic MediaWiki.
23:41:12, 27 October 2015  +
hide properties that link here 
DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2009-0006-EA + , DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2012-0016-DNA + , DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2012-0019-DNA + , DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2012-0020-DNA + , DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2012-0048-DNA + , DOI-BLM-NV-CC-ES-11-10-1793 + , EA-NV-030-05-08 + , ENEL Salt Wells Geothermal Facility + , NV-EA-030-07-05 + , NVN-084575 + , NVN-087388 + , Salt Wells Geothermal Project + GeothermalArea
2-M Probe Survey At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) + , 2-M Probe Survey At Salt Wells Area (Skord, Et Al., 2011) + , Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) + , Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salt Wells Area (Shevenell & Garside, 2003) + , Conceptual Model At Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al., 2011) + , Development Wells At Salt Wells Area (Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, 2009) + , Exploratory Well At Salt Wells Area (Bureau of Land Management, 2009) + , Exploratory Well At Salt Wells Area (Edmiston & Benoit, 1984) + , Field Mapping At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) + , Geothermal Literature Review At Salt Wells Area (Faulds, Et Al., 2011) + , Geothermometry At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) + , Geothermometry At Salt Wells Area (Edmiston & Benoit, 1984) + , Geothermometry At Salt Wells Area (Henkle, Et Al., 2005) + , Ground Gravity Survey At Salt Wells Area (Bureau of Land Management, 2009) + , Isotopic Analysis- Fluid At Salt Wells Area (Shevenell & Garside, 2003) + , Magnetotellurics At Salt Wells Area (Bureau of Land Management, 2009) + , Radiometrics At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) + , Single-Well and Cross-Well Seismic At Salt Wells Area (Bureau of Land Management, 2009) + , Thermal Gradient Holes At Salt Wells Area (Bureau of Land Management, 2009) + , Water Sampling At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) + ... Place
Salt Wells Area + redirect page
 
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