Hawaii Nonpoint Source Pollution (14-HI-a)
Nonpoint Source Pollution Process
Nonpoint source pollution resulting from stormwater or irrigation water runoff on farmland, in forests, in urban areas, and on construction sites is the leading cause of pollution to Hawaii's lakes, streams, wetlands, and coastal waters. To address nonpoint source pollution, the Hawaii Department of Health Clean Water Branch and the Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) have developed and implemented a Polluted Runoff Control Program. Hawaii’s Polluted Runoff Control Program is based on requirements in Coastal Zone Management Act (CZARA) Section 6217 and the Clean Water Act Section 319. In response to Coastal Zone Management Act (CZARA) Section 6217, Hawaii Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism (DBEDT) and Hawaii Department of Health Clean Water Branch worked together in a joint effort to improve the statewide nonpoint source program and comply with CZARA requirements. In June 1996, Hawaii's Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program (CNPCP) was submitted to United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for approval. In 1998, NOAA and the EPA conditionally approved the Hawaii CNPCP. In an effort to upgrade and integrate the Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program (under CZARA) with the Polluted Runoff Program (under the CWA), the state has established a single plan entitled Hawaii's Implementation Plan for Polluted Runoff Control. This plan also includes the 15-year program strategy and 5-year implementation plan for the achievement of CZARA management measures. Although the approval processes for the Nonpoint Source Upgrade Clean Water Act (CWA) and the CZARA programs are distinct, the specific environmental protection measures overlap. In 2000, the EPA approved Hawaii’s Implementation Plan for Polluted Runoff Control.
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