Quebec/EZ Policies

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EZ Policies for Quebec

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PolicyPlacePolicy TypeActiveImplementing SectorSummary
Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Equipment Certification
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Generation Disclosure
Industry Recruitment/Support
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
YesFederalThe purpose of this Act is to promote safety, the protection of the environment, the conservation of oil and gas resources, joint production arrangements, and economically efficient infrastructures.

The act sets up a regulatory structure for licensing, permitting, equipment certification, safety and operational regulations and standards, land owner rights and the rights of access for exploratory and extraction operations, as well as prohibited areas.

The act also addresses the fee structures, the development plan approval process, employee benefits and training standards, financial obligations, pipeline and transmission tariffs, purchasing agreements and sales, and legal recourse.
Canada Small Business Financing Program (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesLoan ProgramYesFederalSince 1961, the Canada Small Business Financing Program (CSBFP) seeks to increase the availability of loans for establishing, expanding, modernizing and improving small businesses. It does this by encouraging financial institutions to make their financing available to small businesses. By sharing the risk with a financial institution, the program may help businesses secure up to $500,000.

Small businesses or start-ups operating for profit in Canada, with gross annual revenues of $5 million or less.

Not eligible under this program are farming businesses (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has a similar program for the farming industry — for information, visit, not-for-profit organizations, or charitable and religious organizations.

Up to a maximum of $500,000 for any one borrower is available, of which no more than $350,000 can be used for purchasing leasehold improvements or improving leased property and purchasing or improving new or used equipment.

Financial institutions deliver the program. The decision to grant a loan rests entirely with the financial institution.

Loans can be used for financing up to 90% of the cost of:

- purchasing or improving land, real property or immovables - purchasing new or existing leasehold improvements - purchasing or improving new or used equipment

The interest rate is determined by individual financial institutions. The interest rate may be variable or fixed:

Variable rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender's prime lending rate plus 3%.

Fixed rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender's single family residential mortgage rate plus 3%.

A registration fee of 2% of the total amount loaned under the program must also be paid by the borrower to the lender. It can be financed as part of the loan.

The registration fee and a portion of the interest are submitted to Industry Canada by the lender to help offset the costs of the program for the government.

Lenders are required to take security in the assets financed. Lenders also have the option to take an additional unsecured personal guarantee, which cannot exceed 25% of the total amount loaned.
Canadian Environmental Protection Act 1999 (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental RegulationsYesFederalThe Canadian Environmental Protection Act of 1999 (CEPA 1999) provides the legislative framework for Environment Canada, and outlines the provisions for the prevention and management of risks posed by toxic and other harmful substances.

The CEPA 1999 implements pollution prevention, procedures for the investigation and assessment of substances, and requirements with respect to substances that the Minister of the Environment and the Minister of Health have determined to be toxic or capable of becoming toxic, and provisions regarding animate products of biotechnology. The enactment also contains provisions respecting fuels, international air and water pollution, motor emissions, nutrients whose release into water can cause excessive growth of aquatic vegetation and environmental emergencies, provisions to regulate the environmental effects of government operations and to protect the environment on and in relation to federal land and aboriginal land, disposal of wastes and other matter at sea, and the export and import of wastes.

The enactment provides for the gathering of information for research and the creation of inventories of data, which are designed for publication, and for the development and publishing of objectives, guidelines and codes of practice.
Clean Electric Power Generation (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesGrant Program
Industry Recruitment/Support
NoFederalThe Clean Electrical Power Generation (CEPG) SSA consists of research and development (R&D) and late-stage development and demonstration of technologies for promoting clean, reliable and efficient power generation, both centrally and distributed, including the production of energy from renewable sources and the integration of these resources into the grid. It addresses the reduction of GHG emissions and toxic pollutants from the production of energy from fossil fuels, including through the development of clean coal and carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies, and it provides support for Canada’s participation in the treaty of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) to develop advanced nuclear based energy systems. The CEPG distributed more than $117 million (Canadian) of NRCan funding for the period from 2003-04 to 2008-09. The total estimated CEPG funding from all sources for this period was $250.5 million.
Energy Innovation Assistance Program (EIAP) (Quebec, Canada)QuebecGrant ProgramNoState/ProvinceThe Energy innovation assistance program (PAIE) aims to encourage the development of new technologies or innovative processes focusing on energy efficiency or emerging energy sources by financially supporting project developers who actively contribute to the various stages of the innovation process. This program is no longer active.
Energy Monitoring Act (Canada)Alberta
British Columbia
Canada: Energy Resources
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Prince Edward Island
Environmental Regulations
Generation Disclosure
YesState/ProvinceThis act requires that every energy enterprise file with the Minister a return setting out statistics and information relating to its ownership and control; financial information; information, including financial, about its exploration for, development, production, processing, refining and marketing of energy commodities; its energy commodity resources, reserves and properties; and its research and development programs. This law does not apply to corporations incorporated outside Canada. For oil and gas, dealer is required to file a return must also submit additional statistics, information and documentation that may be required by the Minister for any purpose.
Farm Credit Canada Energy Loan (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesLoan ProgramYesNon-ProfitFarm Credit Canada is a private institution, and offers financing for environmental solutions that can help farmers make environmental upgrades to operations and switch to renewable energy resources.
Flow through shares for Natural Gas exploration (Quebec, Canada)QuebecCorporate Tax IncentiveYesState/ProvinceA flow-through share is a security issued by an exploration company that waives its exploration deduction in favor of the investor. The Québec Taxation Act enables a private individual to benefit from a significant tax deduction when calculating his or her taxable income. In fact, the Québec system provides for a basic deduction equal to 100 percent of the cost of the flow-through shares. For shares acquired after March 30, 2004 the individual may deduct an additional 25% when exploration costs are incurred in Québec by a non-operating corporation. A further 25% deduction is offered when work begins with surface explorations, for a total deduction of 150% of investment costs. When a flow-through share is sold, the investor may benefit an exemption of the deemed capital gain in other words the portion of the sale price between the purchase price of the shares and their adjusted cost base, which is zero. He can also deduct certain issue expenses that have been foregone in his favor, and this, over a period of five years.
Great Lakes-St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact (multi-state)Illinois: Energy Resources
Indiana: Energy Resources
Minnesota: Energy Resources
New York: Energy Resources
Ohio: Energy Resources
Pennsylvania: Energy Resources
Wisconsin: Energy Resources
Environmental RegulationsYesState/ProvinceThis Act describes the management of the Great Lakes - St. Lawrence River basin, and regulates water withdrawals, diversions, and consumptive uses from the basin. The Act establishes a Council, which is responsible for water conservation and efficiency programs and reviewing proposed projects. Projects which may lead to new or increased water diversions are limited; exceptions are described in this statute. More information can be found on the website of the Council:
Heavy Oil Consumption Reduction Program (Quebec, Canada)QuebecRebate ProgramNoState/ProvinceThis program helps heavy oil consumers move toward sustainable development while improving their competitive position by reducing their consumption. Financial assistance is offered to carry out various analyses as well as implement energy efficient measures relating to heavy fuel oil or to switch to other forms of energy containing fewer pollutants, such as natural gas, forest biomass and electricity. This program is financed by the Green Fund and falls under Action 1 of the 2006-2012 Climate Change Action Plan.

The program is divided into 5 sections, i.e. four areas of intervention. Depending on the specific needs or nature of the project, the applicant may opt for one or more component of the program.

Component A – Energy efficiency and renewable energy This component aims to reduce the consumption of heavy oil through the implementation of energy efficient measures. Process rejects used for energy production and renewable energy development are also eligible insofar as they pertain to measures in which the applicant directly uses the recovered or produced energy (self-sustaining production). This component now offers an analysis segment and an implementation assistance segment.

Component B – Switching to forest biomass This section aims at encouraging facilities that use heavy fuel oil to switch to residual forest biomass (excluding sawdust, shavings and bark) as their energy source by means of a twofold approach: analysis and implementation.

Component C – Switching to natural gas This component encourages facilities using heavy oil as their energy source to switch to natural gas. The approach includes analysis, natural gas connection assistance for new users, assistance for retrofitting other fuel sources to natural gas and assistance for promoting customer loyalty among natural gas users.

Component D – Switching to other fuels This component focuses on implementing measures to replace heavy oil with other solid, liquid and gaseous fuels other than those provided for under components B and C and directly used in heat production. Fossil fuels (unless they are polluted or contaminated) and fuels that can be recycled are excluded. This component features an analysis segment and implementation assistance segment.

Component E - Switching to electricity This component encourages thermal energy production facilities using heavy oil to switch to facilities that use electricity as an energy source. This component also features an analysis segment and an implementation assistance segment.

The financial assistance granted by the Department for implementation work or work carried out to switch to another energy source for each component under the program is limited to the least of the following amounts:

- assistance required to bring back the return on investment to one year; - $40 per ton of reduced GHG emissions per year and per project for the duration of the applicant’s commitment which may not exceed 10 years; - 75% of total implementation costs; - maximum of $5M per project (unlimited per site); - the original amount requested by the applicant.

The financial assistance granted by the Department can be combined with assistance from complementary programs offered by partner organizations (government ministries and agencies). However, the cumulative amount of financial contributions received may not exceed 75% of the allowable costs as the applicant must also contribute a minimum of 25% to these costs.
Hydro-Quebec Sustainable Development Action Plan 2013-2016 (Quebec, Canada)QuebecRenewables Portfolio Standards and GoalsYesUtilityTo meet the requirements set out in the Québec government’s Sustainable Development Strategy and strategy to ensure the occupancy and vitality of territories, Hydro-Québec has established a Sustainable Development Action Plan for the 2013–2016 period. Published in March 2013, this second action plan ensures the continuation of the efforts initiated by the first plan, which covered the 2009–2013 period. The plan outlines 10 major actions related to renewable energies, energy efficiency or technological innovation.

10 Major Actions:

1. Build Hydropower Projects: This action, first initiated in the previous Action Plan, consists in continuing work on the Romaine hydropower complex. This $6.5-billion project involves building four generating stations with a total installed capacity of 1,550 MW and annual output of 8 TWh. The first generating station, Romaine-2 (640 MW, 3.3 TWh), is slated for commissioning in 2014. A second facility, Romaine-1 (270 MW, 1.4 TWh), will go into service in 2016. The Romaine project will generate substantial economic spinoffs: about $3.5 billion for all of Québec, and $1.3 billion just for the Côte-Nord region.

2. Increase output and capacity gains at existing hydroelectric generating stations

3. Continue energy efficiency initiatives

4. Continue to help low-income customers

5. Contribute to the reduction of transportrelated GHG emissions and collaborate in the electrification of transportation in Québec

6. Contribute to the implementation of Québec’s policy for ecoresponsible government

7. Inform and educate employees about sustainability and the company’s approach

8. Preserve and enhance biodiversity in transmission and distribution line rights-of-way

9. Publicize the knowledge acquired through Hydro-Québec environmental studies

10. Continue to protect and enhance the company’s built and technological heritage
Hydro-Quebec Distribution - Biomass - EAP 2011-1 (Quebec, Canada)QuebecGreen Power PurchasingYesUtilityHydro-Québec Distribution established a program for the purchase of 300 MW of electricity in Quebec from cogeneration based residual forest biomass. Each project is limited to a maximum of 50 MW. Contract duration can vary between 15 to 25 years.
Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada)QuebecNet MeteringYesUtilityIn line with Hydro-Québec's commitment to the environment and sustainable development, Hydro-Québec is supporting self-generation with a new rate offering: the net metering option. This option reflects a broad approach to energy efficiency. It is both environmentally friendly and advantageous for self-generators seeking to optimize their energy management. Net metering provides a way to act on convictions by using renewable energy and state-of-the-art technology to truly take control of consumption.
National Energy Board Act Part VI (Oil and Gas) Regulations (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesFederalThese regulations from the National Energy Board cover licensing for oil and gas, including the exportation and importation of natural gas. The regulations also cover inspections, reporting requirements, and purchase contracts.
National Energy Board Export and Import Reporting Regulations (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesGenerating Facility Rate-Making
Generation Disclosure
Siting and Permitting
YesFederalThese regulations of the Canadian National Energy Board are for the administration of importing and exporting energy, including natural gas and electricity.

For electricity, every holder of a license or permit for the exportation of electricity must submit to the Board, on or before the 15th day of each month, a return for the previous month that contains the quantities and dollar value, in Canadian currency, of electricity exported, by customer, by type (firm or interruptable) and by class of electricity transfer. If the exportation is 1,000 kW or less of power to each customer served, the returns may be submitted to the Board every six months.

Exporters of natural gas must submit a return of the total quantity exported, the highest quantity exported, the value or price, the name of the customer, the province in which the gas was produced, the cost of transportation, and other information.
Qualifying RPS Market States (Quebec, Canada)QuebecRenewables Portfolio Standards and GoalsYesState/ProvinceThis entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Quebec, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on REC vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection.
Quebec Biogas Program (Quebec, Canada)QuebecGrant ProgramYesState/ProvinceIn 2005, the Quebec government adopted a regulation aimed to minimize the impact of biogas from landfills. The Regulation is in respect to landfills and incineration of residual materials, particularly those that bury more than 50,000 tons of waste per year, to capture the biogas ideally enhance or eliminate them. The Quebec government created the Biogas Program to financially support projects to capture or dispose of biogas from landfill sites not covered by the requirements for capture and removal provided for in the Regulations concerning landfills and incineration of residual materials. The program also targets the development projects of biogas to replace or avoid the use of an energy sources that emit greenhouse gas emissions.
Regulations for Air Quality (Quebec, Canada)QuebecEnvironmental RegulationsYesState/ProvinceThis Regulation establishes emission standards for particulates and gases, emission opacity standards, standards of air quality and control measures to prevent, eliminate or reduce the emission of contaminants into the atmosphere.

For oil and coal, sulfur content limits are set at: 1.5% (w / w) by weight for coal 1.5% (w / w) by weight for coke 1.5% (w / w) by weight per pitch

However, limits do not apply if a portion of the sulfur that would otherwise be emitted in the form of sulfur dioxide in the flue gas is recovered and combined with raw material or product coming into contact with these gases, or a portion of the sulfur that would otherwise be emitted in the form of sulfur dioxide in the flue gas is collected and treated by a scrubber.
Tax credit for resources (Quebec, Canada)QuebecSales Tax IncentiveYesState/ProvinceThis form is for an eligible corporation (and any member of a partnership that, if it were a corporation, be a qualified corporation company) who, for a taxation year, request a tax credit for eligible expenses that have the following characteristics: they are exploration costs including those costs incurred in Québec related to renewable energy and energy conservation in Canada; they are costs related to natural resources. Up to 38.75% of eligible exploration expenses incurred by a non-operator in the Mid or Far North may be reimbursed, and up to 35% elsewhere in Québec. For an operator, the maximum amounts are 18.75% in the Mid or Far North and 15% elsewhere in Québec.
Technoclimat - Green Technologies Demonstration Program (Quebec, Canada)QuebecRebate ProgramNoState/ProvinceThe Green technologies demonstration program aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is a product of Measure 20 of the 2006-2012 Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP). This CCAP measure encourages the emergence and deployment of technologies that show strong potential for reducing GHG emissions in Québec.
Treatment program of organic matter by anaerobic digestion and composting (PTMOBC) (Quebec, Canada)QuebecGrant ProgramYesState/ProvinceThe Program for processing of organic matter by anaerobic digestion and composting (PTMOBC) provides financial assistance to municipalities and the private sector for the installation of infrastructure to treat organic matter by these two methods. The program's objectives are to reduce GHG emissions and the amount of organic materials to disposal. It is part of the implementation of the measures 15 of the 2006-2012 Action Plan on Climate Change (PACC), which aims to reduce GHG emissions and adaptation to climate change.
EcoAgriculture Biofuels Capital Initiative (ecoABC) (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesGrant ProgramNoFederalThe ecoABC Initiative was a federal $200 million four-year program ending on March 31, 2011 that provided repayable contributions for the construction or expansion of transportation biofuel production facilities. Funding was conditional upon agricultural producer investment in the biofuel projects, and the use of agricultural feedstock to produce the biofuel.