Open Source Impacts of REDD Incentives Spreadsheet (OSIRIS)
"OSIRIS (Open Source Impacts of REDD Incentives Spreadsheet) is a tool developed by a partnership of researchers from Conservation International (CI), the Center for Social and Economic Research on the Environment at the University of East Anglia, Woods Hole Research Center, Environmental Defense Fund, and the Terrestrial Carbon Group. It was developed to support United Nations’ negotiations on REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation), a mechanism designed to financially compensate countries that reduce carbon emissions from deforestation.
Simply put, OSIRIS analyzes how much countries would get paid by various REDD initiatives to leave their forests intact, and by how much carbon emissions would be reduced as a result. OSIRIS calculates these values based on local and global market conditions, as well as proposed REDD rules (such as benchmarks for carbon reduction and participant eligibility standards).
However, unlike most economic or climate change models that are written in arcane programming languages, OSIRIS’s platform is recognizable to – and can be downloaded by – almost everyone. It’s a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. A user can define any of the values used to calculate REDD payments, carbon emission levels, or deforestation rates by simply clicking a cell on the spreadsheet. The outcome of alternate REDD policies, or different market scenarios can be quite easily compared."