Nova Scotia/EZ Policies

From Open Energy Information

EZ Policies for Nova Scotia

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PolicyPlacePolicy TypeActiveImplementing SectorSummary
Air Quality (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental RegulationsYesState/ProvinceNova Scotia Environment is responsible for monitoring the air quality in the province, as well as administering fines and permits relating to air quality. The Air Quality Regulations state specific rules about different types of air pollutants.

Facilities that release emissions in excess of 90 tonnes of sulphur dioxide per year in the aggregate must, not later than February 15 of each year or as otherwise directed by an Administrator, in a form specified by the Administrator, submit a report to the Minister or an Administrator on the sulphur throughput, noting the fuel usage, sulphur content and corresponding sulphur dioxide emissions for the previous calendar year from each facility owned or operated by, or under the responsibility of, the person.

Before ownership of a fossil fuel-fired thermal power generating station (which includes natural gas and coal) is transferred, the apportioning of its emission allocation and associated monitoring and reporting requirements must be approved in writing by the Administrator.

Mercury emissions are also covered.
Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Equipment Certification
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Generation Disclosure
Industry Recruitment/Support
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
YesFederalThe purpose of this Act is to promote safety, the protection of the environment, the conservation of oil and gas resources, joint production arrangements, and economically efficient infrastructures.

The act sets up a regulatory structure for licensing, permitting, equipment certification, safety and operational regulations and standards, land owner rights and the rights of access for exploratory and extraction operations, as well as prohibited areas.

The act also addresses the fee structures, the development plan approval process, employee benefits and training standards, financial obligations, pipeline and transmission tariffs, purchasing agreements and sales, and legal recourse.
Canada Small Business Financing Program (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesLoan ProgramYesFederalSince 1961, the Canada Small Business Financing Program (CSBFP) seeks to increase the availability of loans for establishing, expanding, modernizing and improving small businesses. It does this by encouraging financial institutions to make their financing available to small businesses. By sharing the risk with a financial institution, the program may help businesses secure up to $500,000.

Small businesses or start-ups operating for profit in Canada, with gross annual revenues of $5 million or less.

Not eligible under this program are farming businesses (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has a similar program for the farming industry — for information, visit, not-for-profit organizations, or charitable and religious organizations.

Up to a maximum of $500,000 for any one borrower is available, of which no more than $350,000 can be used for purchasing leasehold improvements or improving leased property and purchasing or improving new or used equipment.

Financial institutions deliver the program. The decision to grant a loan rests entirely with the financial institution.

Loans can be used for financing up to 90% of the cost of:

- purchasing or improving land, real property or immovables - purchasing new or existing leasehold improvements - purchasing or improving new or used equipment

The interest rate is determined by individual financial institutions. The interest rate may be variable or fixed:

Variable rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender's prime lending rate plus 3%.

Fixed rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender's single family residential mortgage rate plus 3%.

A registration fee of 2% of the total amount loaned under the program must also be paid by the borrower to the lender. It can be financed as part of the loan.

The registration fee and a portion of the interest are submitted to Industry Canada by the lender to help offset the costs of the program for the government.

Lenders are required to take security in the assets financed. Lenders also have the option to take an additional unsecured personal guarantee, which cannot exceed 25% of the total amount loaned.
Canadian Environmental Protection Act 1999 (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental RegulationsYesFederalThe Canadian Environmental Protection Act of 1999 (CEPA 1999) provides the legislative framework for Environment Canada, and outlines the provisions for the prevention and management of risks posed by toxic and other harmful substances.

The CEPA 1999 implements pollution prevention, procedures for the investigation and assessment of substances, and requirements with respect to substances that the Minister of the Environment and the Minister of Health have determined to be toxic or capable of becoming toxic, and provisions regarding animate products of biotechnology. The enactment also contains provisions respecting fuels, international air and water pollution, motor emissions, nutrients whose release into water can cause excessive growth of aquatic vegetation and environmental emergencies, provisions to regulate the environmental effects of government operations and to protect the environment on and in relation to federal land and aboriginal land, disposal of wastes and other matter at sea, and the export and import of wastes.

The enactment provides for the gathering of information for research and the creation of inventories of data, which are designed for publication, and for the development and publishing of objectives, guidelines and codes of practice.
Capital Investment Incentive (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesGrant Program
Rebate Program
YesState/ProvinceThe Capital Investment Incentive (CII) is part of the Productivity Investment Program as outlined in the economic growth plan for Nova Scotia, jobsHere.

This incentive can contribute up to 20% toward the cost of technologically-advanced machinery, clean technology, equipment, software and hardware with preference given to exporters in qualified industries.

The CII is limited to corporations in the following industries: - Advanced manufacturing and processing - Development of non-traditional sources of energy - Life-sciences - Aerospace and defense - Information and communication technology (ICT) - Ocean technology - Professional, Scientific and Technical Services excluding the following: Legal Services; Accounting, Tax Preparation, Bookkeeping and Payroll Services; Advertising and Related Services; Photographic Services; Veterinary Services; Translation and Interpretation Services

Under certain circumstances, strategic gateway and trade related activities may be eligible under the Capital Investment Incentive.

The CII helps companies make investments in their future by offsetting the cost of incremental capital purchases. These are the kinds of purchases that would result in cost savings and productivity improvements, and increase competitiveness in international markets.

If deemed eligible under the guidelines of the incentive, companies can receive reimbursement of 20% of the cost of its equipment, up to a maximum of $1 million. Acquisitions less than $25,000 will not be considered.

Please note the following changes to the Capital Investment Incentive Guidelines are retroactive April 1, 2011. An application must be submitted to the Department of Economic and Rural Development and Tourism (ERDT), prior to any commitment to purchase the Qualified Property.
Clean Electric Power Generation (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesGrant Program
Industry Recruitment/Support
NoFederalThe Clean Electrical Power Generation (CEPG) SSA consists of research and development (R&D) and late-stage development and demonstration of technologies for promoting clean, reliable and efficient power generation, both centrally and distributed, including the production of energy from renewable sources and the integration of these resources into the grid. It addresses the reduction of GHG emissions and toxic pollutants from the production of energy from fossil fuels, including through the development of clean coal and carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies, and it provides support for Canada’s participation in the treaty of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) to develop advanced nuclear based energy systems. The CEPG distributed more than $117 million (Canadian) of NRCan funding for the period from 2003-04 to 2008-09. The total estimated CEPG funding from all sources for this period was $250.5 million.
Climate Action Plan (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesClimate PoliciesYesState/ProvinceNova Scotia's Climate Change Action Plan has two main goals: reducing the province's contribution to climate change by reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and preparing for changes to the province's climate that are already inevitable.

REDUCING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS Target: 5 Megatonnes Annually By 2020 Nova Scotia aims to reduce GHG emissions by at least 10 per cent from 1990 levels by 2020.

Electricity generation The greatest single reduction will be achieved by imposing caps on emissions from Nova Scotia Power Incorporated (NSPI), which produces 46 percent of the province's GHG emissions. The caps will take effect in 2010, 2015, and 2020.

The two most cost-effective means of reducing emissions from power generation in Nova Scotia are straightforward: generating less electricity and generating it from clean, renewable sources.
Community Feed-in Tariff (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesPerformance-Based IncentiveYesState/ProvinceThe Nova Scotia Community Feed-in Tariff (COMFIT) Program encourages community-based, local renewable energy projects by guaranteeing a rate per kilowatt-hour for the energy the project feeds into the province’s distribution electrical grid.

Through COMFIT, these smaller producers will be able to supply renewable energy to their specific community. Eligible entities include:

- combined heat and power (CHP) biomass facilities - Community Economic Development Investment Funds (CEDIFs) - co-operatives - Mi'kmaq band councils - municipalities or their wholly owned subsidiaries - not-for-profit organizations - universities

Eligible technologies include: - wind 50 kilowatts (kW) and under, or greater than 50kW - small-scale in-stream tidal - combined heat and power (CHP) biomass

- run-of-the-river hydroelectricity
Developmental Tidal Feed-in Tariff Program (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesPerformance-Based IncentiveYesState/ProvinceThe Developmental Tidal Feed-in Tariff (FIT) program is similar to the Community Feed-in Tariff (COMFIT) program as it encourages the development of specific renewable energy projects by guaranteeing a rate per kilowatt hour for the energy the project feeds into the province’s electricity grid. It is different as it is designed to incent tidal energy developers to test and deploy their large-scale in-stream tidal energy projects in Nova Scotia. This tariff applies to in-stream tidal single device projects or arrays greater than 0.5 megawatts (500 kilowatts). There are no limits on ownership.
Energy Monitoring Act (Canada)Alberta: Energy Resources
British Columbia: Energy Resources
Canada: Energy Resources
Manitoba: Energy Resources
New Brunswick: Energy Resources
Newfoundland and Labrador: Energy Resources
Nova Scotia: Energy Resources
Ontario: Energy Resources
Prince Edward Island: Energy Resources
Quebec: Energy Resources
Saskatchewan: Energy Resources
Environmental Regulations
Generation Disclosure
YesState/ProvinceThis act requires that every energy enterprise file with the Minister a return setting out statistics and information relating to its ownership and control; financial information; information, including financial, about its exploration for, development, production, processing, refining and marketing of energy commodities; its energy commodity resources, reserves and properties; and its research and development programs. This law does not apply to corporations incorporated outside Canada. For oil and gas, dealer is required to file a return must also submit additional statistics, information and documentation that may be required by the Minister for any purpose.
Environmental Assessment (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental RegulationsYesState/ProvinceNova Scotia Environment conducts environmental assessments on projects and developments to ensure they adhere to the laws and regulations of the province. Developments required to undergo an environmental assessment are listed in the Environmental Assessment Regulations; all large scale electricity generation projects will need to undergo an environmental assessment. These developments are called undertakings and are divided into two classes, Class 1 and Class 2.

Class 1 undertakings are usually smaller in scale and may or may not cause significant environmental impacts or be of sufficient concern to the public. Therefore, a public review of a proponent's initial submission or registration is required and the Minister will decide if a more detailed review and/or public hearing is required. These types of developments include, but are not limited to, mines, certain highways and waste/dangerous goods handling facilities.

Class 2 undertakings are typically larger in scale and are considered to have the potential to cause significant environmental impacts and concern to the public. These types of developments include, but are not limited to, solid waste incinerators, petrochemical facilities and pulp and paper plants. These undertakings require an environmental assessment report and formal public review which may include hearings.

The Minister has the authority to apply an environmental assessment to a policy, plan or program, or a modification, extension, abandonment, demolition or rehabilitation to those undertakings listed in Schedule A, and any other undertaking not listed under Class 1 or Class 2.
Farm Credit Canada Energy Loan (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesLoan ProgramYesNon-ProfitFarm Credit Canada is a private institution, and offers financing for environmental solutions that can help farmers make environmental upgrades to operations and switch to renewable energy resources.
National Energy Board Act Part VI (Oil and Gas) Regulations (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesFederalThese regulations from the National Energy Board cover licensing for oil and gas, including the exportation and importation of natural gas. The regulations also cover inspections, reporting requirements, and purchase contracts.
National Energy Board Export and Import Reporting Regulations (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesGenerating Facility Rate-Making
Generation Disclosure
Siting and Permitting
YesFederalThese regulations of the Canadian National Energy Board are for the administration of importing and exporting energy, including natural gas and electricity.

For electricity, every holder of a license or permit for the exportation of electricity must submit to the Board, on or before the 15th day of each month, a return for the previous month that contains the quantities and dollar value, in Canadian currency, of electricity exported, by customer, by type (firm or interruptable) and by class of electricity transfer. If the exportation is 1,000 kW or less of power to each customer served, the returns may be submitted to the Board every six months.

Exporters of natural gas must submit a return of the total quantity exported, the highest quantity exported, the value or price, the name of the customer, the province in which the gas was produced, the cost of transportation, and other information.
Nova Scotia Business Development Program (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesGrant Program
Rebate Program
YesState/ProvinceThe Nova Scotia Small Business Development Program helps small business get started and existing businesses expand. This program encourages business start-ups and provides help through qualified consultants for business operators to review and assess their practices and develop new approaches to ensure success.

Through the program, assistance is provided for eligible business activity that increases productivity, explores product innovation, delivers strategic planning, implements operational efficiencies to improve competitiveness, and expands the international commerce participation of a business.

Support for approved services for start-ups and existing businesses will be made at 50 per cent of total eligible project costs, to a maximum contribution of $15,000.

Each application is reviewed and funding decisions are made based on program criteria.

For more information, visit your local ERDT office or visit
Nova Scotia Energy Training Program (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesTraining/Technical Assistance
Workforce development
YesState/ProvinceThe Energy Training Program for Students was created to encourage private sector employers to hire Nova Scotia post-secondary students for career-related work terms in all sectors of the energy industry.

The program runs from early May through the end of August each year, for approximately 17 weeks.

Employers benefit by gaining access to students and recent graduates in a wide range of disciplines from universities and community college campuses in Nova Scotia.

Students gain valuable skills and work experience that will enable them to become part of a highly skilled energy sector workforce.

Small to medium-sized Nova Scotia companies involved in the energy sector may be eligible to receive a 50% wage incentive, to a maximum of $7.50/hour, toward student salaries.
Nova Scotia Jobs Fund (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesGrant Program
Training/Technical Assistance
Workforce development
YesState/ProvinceThe Nova Scotia Jobs Fund pursues investment opportunities for assisting communities in transition, supporting industry sectors, offering regional support, assisting small businesses programs, and investing in infrastructure and large industrial ventures.

The Jobs Fund is accountable to the province's Economic Investment Committee. This will ensure Nova Scotia makes the most of its economic development investments and considers the economic impacts of provincial investment decisions on communities throughout Nova Scotia.

The fund also has a shared advisory board with Nova Scotia Business Inc. (NSBI) and the Department of Economic and Rural Development and Tourism. In most business transactions, NSBI will be the main point of contact for the province's various types of investments. The shared advisory board consists of eight community economic development leaders from across the province.
Qualifying RPS Market States (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesRenewables Portfolio Standards and GoalsYesState/ProvinceThis entry lists the states with RPS policies that accept generation located in Nova Scotia, Canada as eligible sources towards their Renewable Portfolio Standard targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on REC vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection.
Renewable Energy Standard (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesRenewables Portfolio Standards and GoalsYesState/ProvinceOn February 1, 2007, Nova Scotia's new Renewable Energy Standards took effect. Qualifying electricity through renewable energy includes: wind, tidal, biomass, solar and hydro.

By 2015, Nova Scotia will generate 25% of the province's electricity with renewables. In 2010, Nova Scotia updated the RES to have 40% of the province's electricity generated by renewables. The plan also calls for evaluation of biomass electricity generation in 2015, and biomass is capped until then at 500,000 dry-tonnes more than the level in 2010.

Large and medium-sized renewable electricity projects will be split evenly between Nova Scotia Power (NSPI) and Independent Power Producers (IPPs). The Utility and Review Board (UARB) will evaluate and approve NSPI-sponsored projects in the traditional way. Independent producers will compete for projects in a bidding process managed by a new authority, the Renewable Electricity Administrator.
Scotia Energy Electricity - Net Metering Program (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesNet MeteringYesUtilityNova Scotia Power Inc. Net Metering allows residential and commercial customers to connect small, renewable energy generating units to the provincial power grid.

Generating units that produce renewable energy such as wind, solar, small hydro or biomass can be added to homes or businesses with the addition of a bi-directional meter. This meter monitors the electricity generated by the renewable energy system and also records conventional electricity consumption from Nova Scotia Power's system.

Net metering customers continue to pay a monthly base charge as normal. Commercial and industrial business customers, where applicable, will also pay their regular demand charges. If the renewable energy generating system produces more power than consumed, it is delivered to the provincial grid and the customer receives an energy credit that can be applied against future usage.

In accordance with the 2010 Energy Plan, the net metering program is now expanded. Customers will now be provided with an annual cash payment for any surplus energy that has not been applied to their power bills over the previous 12 months at a rate equal to what the customer pays for energy from the distribution grid.

The generator capacity limit has increased from 100 kilowatts (kW) to one megawatt (MW). Generators must be sized to meet a customer’s electricity consumption.

Customers will be able to use their generator to supply electricity to multiple owned metered accounts within a geographical area known as a distribution zone. So while a larger wind turbine may not be feasible to use at a single home, it could potentially be used to power multiple serviced premises in a given community.

Enhanced Net Metering provides two classes of service with different application processes. Residential and commercial customers can connect small, renewable energy generating units (100 kilowatts or less) to Nova Scotia Power's electrical grid. These customer-generators are known as Class 1 customers. Larger commercial or industrial customers are now also able to connect bigger generators (101 kilowatts up to 1000 kilowatts) to the grid. These customer-generators are known as Class 2 customers.
Solid Waste Regulations (Nova Scotia, Canada)Nova Scotia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental RegulationsYesState/ProvinceNova Scotia Environment administers waste management for the province. Regulations include specific rules and standards for landfills, establish a Resource Recovery Fund, and guidelines for financial assistance for plans, studies and audits dealing with solid waste. Landfill gas production must be managed to control the discharge of potentially dangerous gases into the atmosphere. Venting and/or gas collection systems must be installed to control and monitor the gas production in the landfill. All new landfills must be assessed for the viability of energy recovery from the gas production. Landfill gas management systems will be evaluated on a case by case basis.
EcoAgriculture Biofuels Capital Initiative (ecoABC) (Canada)Canada: Energy ResourcesGrant ProgramNoFederalThe ecoABC Initiative was a federal $200 million four-year program ending on March 31, 2011 that provided repayable contributions for the construction or expansion of transportation biofuel production facilities. Funding was conditional upon agricultural producer investment in the biofuel projects, and the use of agricultural feedstock to produce the biofuel.