Net Metering (West Virginia)

From Open Energy Information

Last modified on February 12, 2015.

Rules Regulations Policies Program

Place West Virginia
Name Net Metering
Incentive Type Net Metering
Applicable Sector Agricultural, Commercial, Industrial, Local Government, Multi-Family Residential, Nonprofit, Residential
Eligible Technologies Biomass, CHP/Cogeneration, Fuel Cells, Geothermal Electric, Hydroelectric, Landfill Gas, Photovoltaics, Renewable Fuels, Small Hydroelectric, Solar Thermal Electric, Wind
Active Incentive Yes
Implementing Sector State/Territory
Energy Category Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs, Renewable Energy Incentive Programs
Aggregate Capacity Limit 3% of peak demand during the previous year
Applicable Utilities All utilities

Meter Aggregation Allowed
Net Excess Generation Credited to customer's next bill at retail rate with no annual true-up (perpetual rollover)

REC Ownership Not addressed

System Capacity Limit IOUs with more than 30,000 customers: 2 MW for industrial; 500 kW for commercial; 25 kW for residential.

IOUs with fewer than 30,000 customers, municipal utilities and co-ops: 50 kW for commercial and industrial; 25 kW for residential.

Date added to DSIRE 2007-02-09
Last DSIRE Review 2013-04-22
Last Substantive Modification
to Summary by DSIRE

References DSIRE[1]


Net metering in West Virginia is available to all retail electricity customers. System capacity limits vary depending on the customer type and electric utility type, according to the following table.

Customer Type IOUs with 30,000 customers or more IOUs with fewer than 30,000 customers, municipal utilities, electric cooperatives
Residential 25 kW 25 kW
Commercial 500 kW 50 kW
Industrial 2 MW 50 kW

Systems that generate electricity using "alternative" or "renewable energy" resources are eligible for net metering, including photovoltaics (PV), wind, geothermal, biomass, landfill gas, run of the river hydropower, biofuels, fuel cells, and combined heat and power (technically called "recycled energy" in the rules). Net excess generation (NEG) may be carried over to a customer-generator's next bill as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit at retail rate and may be rolled over, indefinitely. The credits may only be applied to the energy portion of the bill (not fixed costs or demand charges, for example). Customers may aggregate meters (either physically or virtually) and apply net metering credits earned on one meter to additional meters, as long as they are located within two miles of the point of generation. The associated costs of meter aggregation are the responsibility of the customer. Net-metering tariffs must be identical in rate structure, retail-rate components, and monthly charges, to the tariff for which the customer would qualify if that customer were not a customer-generator. Customers on a time-of-use (TOU) tariff are permitted to net meter.

Net metering may be accomplished using a single, bi-directional meter or two meters. In the event that two meters are used, the net number of kWh for billing purposes will be determined by subtracting the amount of electricity flowing from the customer to the utility from the amount of electricity flowing from the utility to the customer.

The issue of who owns the alternative energy credits (also known as renewable energy credits, or RECs) remains unresolved. The PSC must establish rules regarding alternative energy credits for the alternative energy portfolio standard, and as a result, the PSC has not yet addressed credit ownership for the purpose of net metering.

Each customer with a net-metered system up to 50 kW must carry a minimum of $100,000 in liability insurance. Customers with systems greater than 50 kW and up to 500 kW are required to carry a minimum of $500,000, and customers with systems greater than 500 kW must carry a minimum of $1 million in liability insurance.


The West Virginia Public Service Commission (PSC) approved consensus filings regarding net metering and interconnection guidelines in December 2006. The approved consensus provisions include proposed rules that apply to all electric utilities in the state. Utility tariffs incorporating the consensus net-metering provisions took effect in March 2007. In June 2010, the PSC adopted new net metering and interconnection procedures. In May 2011, the PSC clarified the definition of "run-of-river hydropower" to match the definition in the Alternative and Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard.

Incentive Contact

Contact Name General Information - PSC
Department West Virginia Public Service Commission
Address 201 Brooks Street
Address 2 P.O. Box 812
Place Charleston, West Virginia
Zip/Postal Code 25323
Phone (800) 344-5113
Fax (304) 340-0325

Authorities (Please contact the if there are any file problems.)

Authority 1: W. Va. Code § 24-2F-1 et seq.
Date Effective 2009-07-01
Date Enacted 2009-06-02

Authority 2: General Order No. 258
Date Effective 2010-08-30
Date Enacted 2010-06-30

Authority 3: General Order No. 258.1
Date Effective 0211-07-18
Date Enacted 2011-05-19

  • Incentive and policy data are reviewed and approved by the N.C. Solar Center's DSIRE project staff.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1  "Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE)"