Mongolia-GTZ Development of RE Resources
GTZ is working with Mongolia on policy advice as well as technical and commercial management skills of RE enterprises. The objective is to promote the economically efficient use of renewable energy potential in rural areas. The overriding principle determining the action taken here is as follows: Energy is primarily provided for productive purposes, with a view to generating income and employment opportunities in rural areas.
"The programme is essentially geared to inhabitants of the two western aimags (provinces) Zavkhan and Khuvsgol and involves measures at three levels:
At the national level: The project is helping the government integrate renewables into its national energy policy. This involves participating in various government committees and work groups dealing with energy issues and regularly informing government and parliament members and committees about the latest developments in the renewables sector. Furthermore, it has assisted the government in the elaboration of a draft law on renewables.
At the renewable energy companies themselves: Here the project provides commercial and technical consultancy. It supports cooperation ventures with foreign companies and promotes business associations that bring together renewables companies.
In rural areas: Small, decentralised energy units have been set up that can grow in line with demand (the supply concepts provide for the expansion of simple stand-alone plants into regional networks in line with economic and financial development), as this is the most economically efficient option for power supplies to rural population centres. This flexibility means that delivery can be adapted to suit the consumers’ financial options. Furthermore, information events have been organised for the population and a training centre established to communicate the technical know-how required for operating, maintaining and repairing the plants.
This programme is a cooperation measure with German financial cooperation, implemented through Germany’s development bank, the KfW Entwicklungsbank, and is also supported in terms of human resources by the German Development Service (Deutscher Entwicklungsdienst DED)."
Results achieved so far
"More than 3,000 nomadic households in the pilot area now have solar-powered energy supply systems. When asked, nearly 80 percent of the households that had recently acquired renewable energy equipment stated that their living conditions had improved. This move also brought about a reduction in energy costs."
Further information can be accessed at the project website.