MHK ISDB/Tests/Risk Assessment/Safe Operating Plan

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Risk Assessment: Safe Operating Plan


As part of the risk analysis, safety targets must be set that define the acceptable level of risk and exposure to hazards. These will feed into the risk evaluation and mitigation plans and define what acceptable risk is and what is not. As well, the exposure of people must be considered. The ISO has defined three life-safely categories, of which, the following 2 are applicable: 1) S2 – manned evacuated has personnel onboard but is evacuated during extreme weather events and S3 – unmanned which only has personnel onboard for occasional inspection and maintenance. Each of these require evacuation plans and equipment, with S2 likely requiring permanent equipment aboard. This summary leverages the work done by the American Petroleum Institute.

Overview for Open Ocean Testing

Safe operating plans (SOPs) are essential elements that reduce the risk of injury and death when operating in potentially hazardous environments. SOPs define accepted procedures and equipment needed to safely complete frequently occurring tasks. SOPs need to contain a description of the activity, the location, general requirements, required training, acceptable conditions and restrictions, considerations, the working methodology and a rescue plan or emergency response plan. SOPs should be developed by a team to provide a breadth of insight. SOPs should have a review and approval process that has at least one level of independent review. These should be reviewed at least once a year and refined as knowledge and experience are gained through application.

For infrequent or one time tasks, safe working permits provide a more streamlined method of establishing a safe working practice. While less burdensome than SOPs, work permits still required definition of the task, the safe working methods, safety equipment and a rescue/emergency response plan. Approval is usually by a safety officer.