Low-Income and Energy Efficiency Fund (LIEEF) (Michigan)

From Open Energy Information

Last modified on February 12, 2015.

Rules Regulations Policies Program

Place Michigan
Name Low-Income and Energy Efficiency Fund (LIEEF)
Incentive Type Public Benefits Fund
Applicable Sector Agricultural, Commercial, Industrial, Institutional, Local Government, Nonprofit, Residential, Schools, State Government, Tribal Government
Eligible Technologies Anaerobic Digestion, Biomass, CHP/Cogeneration, Fuel Cells, Photovoltaics, Wind, Unspecified technologies
Active Incentive No
Implementing Sector State/Territory
Energy Category Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs, Renewable Energy Incentive Programs

Charge Varies by utility (89 million annually in total)

Types Energy efficiency, low-income assistance (renewable energy projects have been funded, but the LIEEF is not required to fund renewables)

Website http://www.michigan.gov/lieefund
Date added to DSIRE 2006-08-23
Last DSIRE Review 2012-01-02

References DSIRE[1]


The Low-Income and Energy Efficiency Fund (LIEEF), a statewide public benefits fund, is administered by the Michigan Public Service Commission (MPSC). Michigan's largest utilities, Detroit Edison, Consumers Energy, and Michigan Consolidated Gas Company (MichCon), contribute to the fund with money obtained through customer charges. Using LIEEF funding, the MPSC issues periodic requests for proposals (RFPs) for prospective projects. The purpose of the LIEEF is to provide energy assistance for low-income customers, to provide conservation and efficiency measures to reduce energy use and energy bills of low-income customers, and to promote energy efficiency among all customer classes. Yet, the MPSC emphasizes that the fund does not provide direct funding to homeowners or renters. Interested applicants should review currently available requests for proposals to ensure they qualify before contacting the PSC for additional information.

RFP Solicitations

In a November 2001 order that established the procedural framework for the LIEEF, the MPSC decided that 75% of monies awarded will support grants for energy efficiency projects and energy assistance for low-income residents, and the remaining 25% will support grants for energy efficiency projects to benefit all customer classes. Thereafter, the MPSC began distributing LIEEF awards in February 2002.

According to the October 2011 LIEEF Report, over $81 million was allocated to energy efficiency projects (including renewables) in the 2011 fiscal year. Note that some renewable energy projects, including wind turbines, photovoltaic (PV) systems, anaerobic digesters and other biomass projects, have received funding from the LIEEF under the energy efficiency project designation. Current RFP information is available on the MPSC program website.


The LIEEF is authorized by the state's energy restructuring legislation (Act 141), enacted in June 2000.* Yet, the original source of funding for the LIEEF resulted from securitization savings that exceeded the amount needed to achieve a 5% electric-rate discount for residential and business customers. Detroit Edison was the only electric utility with securitization savings that exceeded the amount necessary to fund the required rate reduction under Michigan's restructuring legislation. Detroit Edison remitted approximately $45 million annually to the LIEEF until the MPSC determined in February 2004 that there were no longer any excess securitization savings to support the fund. As a result, the MPSC established a surcharge on Detroit Edison's distribution rates; this surcharge generates $39.9 million annually. In addition, in a rate-case settlement with Consumers Energy in December 2005, the MPSC directed the utility to contribute $26.5 million annually to the LIEEF from its electricity customer base. Further MPSC ratemaking action in November 2006 directed Consumers Energy to contribute an additional $17.4 million annually from its natural gas business. Most recently, 2010 MPSC ratemaking action directed Michigan Consolidated Gas Company (MichCon) to contribute $5 million annually to the LIEEF. Total annual funding now amounts to roughly $89 million.

*The language relating to utility funding of the LIEEF was originally contained in MCL §460.10d. This section no longer applies and has been removed from the code, but the LIEEF continues to receive funding from Detroit Edison and Consumers Energy through PSC rate-case settlements.

Incentive Contact

Contact Name Wanda Jones
Department Michigan Public Service Commission
Division Management Services Division, Energy Grants Section
Address 6545 Mercantile Way
Address 2 Suite 7
Place Lansing, Michigan
Zip/Postal Code 48911
Phone (517) 241-6130

Email jonesw1@michigan.gov
Website http://www.michigan.gov/mpsc

Authorities (Please contact the if there are any file problems.)

Authority 1: Public Act 141
Date Effective 2011-06-05
Date Enacted 2011-06-05

  • Incentive and policy data are reviewed and approved by the N.C. Solar Center's DSIRE project staff.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1  "Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE)"