From Open Energy Information


SNI Working Group

Sub-National Integration of LEDS Working Group

A LEDS GP Working Group


The LEDS GP Sub-National Integration of LEDS Working Group (SNI-LEDS WG) was created at the second LEDS GP annual event in early 2013 to support coordinated and mutually reinforcing approaches for national and subnational LEDS planning and implementation. The SNI-LEDS WG supports learning on this subject and facilitates collaboration between national and subnational governments supporting low emission, climate resilient development. The working group offers a number of services and resources to the LEDS community including peer learning and exchange, case studies, best practices, webinars, among others.

Please join this effort by emailing Scott Muller at smuller@sig-gis.com, Maryke van Staden at maryke.van.staden@iclei.org, or Nicholas Harrison at harrisonn@un.org.

2015 SNI WG workplan.pdf

2015 Working Group Activities

Mapping of Current and Planned Activities and Resources

The SNI-LEDS WG will compile a portfolio of informational and technical resources to understand the scope of current and planned work in this area and to provide technical support to LEDS teams on integrated national-sub-national approaches and measures. The results of this inventory of resources will inform and guide capacity building activities.


1. Publish timely, informational white papers • The Subnational Integration opportunity presented by Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) in the UNFCCC process. • 2nd TBD

2. Build out Resource Guide, “Towards Improved Subnational Integration of LEDs” • Working Guide with Q1 update and Q3 update

3. Create a compendium of 6 country specific case studies with specific integration relevance • Create a common template that could include: • Country specific Vertical- Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (V-NAMAs) or INDCs , etc. (Emission Reduction (ER) target, energy target, policies, projects, support needs) • Sub-national government participation in national strategies (current initiatives, opportunities, barriers. Could include successful SNI model cases not related to LEDS, e.g. successful public health initiatives, disasters, etc) • Financing aspects • Role of the private sector • Role of Int’l finance • Adaptation, sustainable development discussion • Compile Resources at openei.org / CDKN library…

4. WG Member Activity 3 Webinars (one per region) • 3 Webinars. Present exemplary/ relevant SNI cases/deep dives by region. Stakeholders present. Host with partnership organizations. • In collaboration with each RP-SNIWG Focal Point, organize open SNI WG networking teleconferences, 1 x Qtr x region = 12 total

5. Support Regional Platform Priorities and Participate in Strategic Forums • Organize sessions in LEDSGP RP meetings (x3) and global Annual Partnership meeting (x1) • Gather information, conduct trainings on ad hoc basis. • Support the LEDS LAC SNI-Transportation expert workshop in Buenos Aires Argentina in April /May 2015, by contributing to the development of the report for the workshop, delivery of technical assistance and participating in the LAC communities of practice.

6. Steering Committee Participation • Represent the WGs on the LEDS GP Steering Committee • Coordinate, interface with all WG leads

7. Create “SNI Accelerator” (aspirational) • Provide short term technical assistance (STTA) on request/ via REAL service, or new funding source. • Pursue partnerships and projects with additional donor support. • With Finance WG, work in partnership with Multilateral Development Bank to establish innovative “Subnational Integration Fund.” • With Finance WG & National governments, explore financial support for SNI of INDCs from the Green Climate Fund. • With LEDS Finance WG, IFC, Climatebonds.net and others— analyze the links between green infrastructure bonds and INDCs

News and Events

Please check back soon for new events.

Past Webinars

LEDS GP SNI Webinar: Low Emission Development Initiatives and the Rise of Non-State Actors: Where, Who and What

25 August 2015 Climate action by cities, regions, companies and NGOs has reinvigorated the debate on global climate governance in the run up to COP21 in Paris. Collaborative initiatives such as the C40 and the “We Mean Business”-coalition engage an impressive amount of actors committing to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). Their actions could represent significant, enhanced actions and scaled up new efforts to bring untapped mitigation potential to fruition, should they succeed in achieving the commitments. The United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) estimates the potential of mitigation from subnational action to nearly 3 Gt of CO2 equivalent – just 0.7 Gt less than total EU’s emissions in 2014 – showing that non-state actors could help close the ambition gap between the national pledges and the decarbonization pathway which leaves us with a reasonable chance to stop warming at 2 degrees Celsius.

Dr. Phillip Pattberg and Dr. Oscar Widerberg take a closer look at the commitments made by subnational NSAs- cities, regions and companies.

First, they present the results from their research on a large dataset collected on city-networks. Is this really a global phenomenon or is it more concentrated to pockets of developed country regions? Who are the key actors and where are the overlaps between networks. Why are some cities extremely active whereas others are not? The commitments of cities and regions are examined in detail to understand what they actually sign up to.

Second, they take a closer look at the private sector- companies and their networks. Why and how are companies engaging in global climate governance? Who and where who are they? The companies are also analyzed in terms of GHG emissions to see whether there is enough potential for the initiatives to make a difference.

Third, the discuss what the emergence of non-state actors mean for the overall climate regime. What are the challenges and opportunities for harnessing and integrating the great potentials? Should cities,companies and other subnational NSAs be more formally integrated in the UNFCCC? And what options do we have moving towards Paris and beyond?

Philipp Pattberg is the professor of Transnational Environmental Governance and the deputy head of the Department of Environmental Policy Analysis (EPA), the Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), the VU University Amsterdam. Within the Netherlands, at the Research School for Socio-Economic and Natural Sciences of the Environment (SENSE), he coordinates the research cluster on global environmental governance and politics. He is also the Chair of the Board of the Global Environmental Change Section of the German Political Science Association (DVPW) and a senior research fellow of the international Earth System Governance Project (ESGP).

Oscar Widerberg is a researcher at the Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM) at the VU University Amsterdam where he works on global climate policy, fragmentation in global governance, and network theory. He has published work on climate clubs, city and company climate actions, and public-private partnerships, and presented works on transnational climate action at, among others, the UNFCCC. He is a research fellow of the Earth System Governance and a core member of the CONNECT-project (www.fragmentation.eu). Oscar also works as an associate consultant with Trinomics.

You may view and download a recording of the webinar here: http://tinyurl.com/pah52d9

PDF of Presentation: Presentation IVM 20150825 FINAL.pdf

Scaling up Action for More Productive and Low Carbon Cities

On November 6th, the Working Group on Subnational Integration (SNIWG) and the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate's New Climate Economy (NCE) hosted a webinar to discuss NCE's groundbreaking Better Growth, Better Climate: The New Climate Economy Report. The choice in the design and performance of the new urban world will define the success or failure of the global path to low emission climate-resilient development. The report shows that building more productive cities through transformative shifts toward more compact, connected, and coordinated development can result in cities that are more resilient, cleaner, quieter, safer, and lower carbon urban areas. A recording of the webinar may be viewed here: https://www3.gotomeeting.com/register/928436678



LEDS GP Case Study, Lima .pdf
LEDS GP CASE STUDY: Financing Energy Transformation at the Sub-National Level in Peru January 2015

LEDSGP SNI Resource Guide.pdf
Integrating National and Subnational Climate Action: Resource Guide December 2014.

LEDSGP SNI Paper Bonn 2014.pdf
What National Governments Can Do To Accelerate Subnational Action on Climate June 2014.


For more information about the Linking National and Subnational LEDS Working Group, send an email to Maryke Van Staden (ICLEI) maryke.van.staden@iclei.org; Nick Harrison (UN) harrisonn@un.org; Scott Muller (SIG-GIS) smuller@sig-gis.com