Interconnection Standards (New York)

From Open Energy Information

Last modified on February 12, 2015.

Rules Regulations Policies Program

Place New York
Name Interconnection Standards
Incentive Type Interconnection
Applicable Sector Agricultural, Commercial, Fed. Government, Industrial, Institutional, Local Government, Nonprofit, Residential, Schools, State Government
Eligible Technologies Anaerobic Digestion, Biomass, CHP/Cogeneration, Fuel Cells, Geothermal Electric, Hydroelectric, Landfill Gas, Microturbines, Municipal Solid Waste, Other Distributed Generation Technologies, Photovoltaics, Solar Thermal Electric, Wind
Active Incentive Yes
Implementing Sector State/Territory
Energy Category Renewable Energy Incentive Programs
Applicable Utilities Investor-owned utilities

External Disconnect Switch Not required for inverter-based systems up to 25 kW; required for all other systems

Insurance Requirements Not required

Net Metering Required No

Standard Agreement Yes
System Capacity Limit 2 MW

Date added to DSIRE 2003-06-18
Last DSIRE Review 2013-04-02
Last Substantive Modification
to Summary by DSIRE

References DSIRE[1]


New York first adopted uniform interconnection standards in 1999 (see history below). The Standard Interconnection Requirements (SIR) have subsequently been amended several times since, most recently with the adoption of far reaching revisions in February 2009. Several more minor revisions necessitated by changing net metering laws have taken place since that time. Most recently, amendments were made to the SIR in March 2013 in order to simplify and expedite the interconnection application and review process, and to adopt changes made to net metering law in 2012. The SIR rules apply to systems up to two megawatts (MW) in capacity located in the service area of one of New York's six investor-owned local electric utilities: Central Hudson Gas and Electric, Consolidated Edison (Con Edison), New York State Electric and Gas, Niagara Mohawk (d/b/a National Grid), Orange and Rockland Utilities, and Rochester Gas and Electric.

The SIR addresses technical guidelines for interconnection and application procedures, with two separate sets of interconnection procedures and processes.

Expedited Process: As amended in 2013, systems up to 50 kW are eligible for a simplified or expedited six-step process. Systems up to 300 kW may be eligible for this provided that the inverter based system is UL 1741 certified and tested. Systems proposed to be installed in underground network areas may be required to submit additional information and may subject to a longer review process. Systems of 50 kW or less are not charged an application fee.

Basic Process: All systems larger than 50 kW up to 2 MW, and systems between 50 kW and 300 kW that have not been certified and tested in accordance with UL 1741, applicants must use the basic 11-step process for interconnection.

Both processes cover the initial inquiry to final utility acceptance for interconnection and include interconnection timelines, responsibility for interconnection costs, and procedures for dispute resolution. The appendices contain a standard contract and standard application forms. Utilities are also required to maintain a web-based system for providing information on the status of interconnection requests to customers and contractors. The SIR contain minimum content requirements for this information system, and also require that utilities offer a web-based application process for systems of 25 kW or less.

A current list of type-tested equipment is available on the PSC's DG web site. Certified, inverter-based systems up to 25 kW are not required to have an external disconnect switch. The requirements specifically state that utilities are not permitted to require customers to purchase general liability insurance; however, the PSC does encourage distributed generation owners to purchase insurance for their own protection.

New York was the second state to adopt uniform interconnection standards for distributed generation (DG) systems. The New York Public Service Commission (PSC) originally adopted Standard Interconnection Requirements (SIR) for systems up to 300 kilowatts (kW) in capacity in December 1999. However, because of concerns over some of the burdensome procedural issues, the PSC amended its rules in November 2002. These changes streamlined the application process, and provided a more ordered progression for the study and review phases of the procedure. Subsequently, in November 2004 the PSC issued an order further modifying the SIR by increasing the maximum capacity of interconnected systems from 300 kW to 2 megawatts (MW) and expanding interconnection to the state's area networks, which serve parts of large, urban areas (including New York City).

Incentive Contact

Contact Name Patrick Maher
Department New York State Department of Public Service
Address Agency Building 3, Empire State Plaza
Place Albany, New York
Zip/Postal Code 12223
Phone (518) 486-2574
Fax (518) 473-2838
Contact Name Jason Pause
Department New York State Department of Public Service
Address Agency Building 3, Empire State Plaza
Place Albany, New York
Zip/Postal Code 12223
Phone (518) 486-2889
Fax (518) 473-2838

Authorities (Please contact the if there are any file problems.)

Authority 1: NY PSC Order, Case 94-E-0952
Date Effective 1999-12-31
Date Enacted 1999-12-31

Authority 2: NY PSC Order, Case 02-E-1282
Date Effective 2004-11-17
Date Enacted 2004-11-17

Authority 3: NY PSC Order, Case 08-E-1018
Date Effective 2009-02-13
Date Enacted 2009-02-13

Authority 4: New York Standard Interconnection Requirements (SIR)
Date Effective 04/01/2013 (most recent revision)

Authority 5: NY PSC Order, Cases 12-E-0393 through 12-E-0398
Date Effective 2013-03-15
Date Enacted 2013-03-15

  • Incentive and policy data are reviewed and approved by the N.C. Solar Center's DSIRE project staff.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1  "Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE)"