Georgia/EZ Policies

From Open Energy Information

EZ Policies for Georgia

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PolicyPlacePolicy TypeActiveImplementing SectorSummary
Biomass Sales and Use Tax Exemption (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesSales Tax IncentiveYesState/TerritoryGeorgia enacted legislation in April 2006 (HB 1018) creating an exemption for biomass materials from the state's sales and use taxes. The term "biomass material" is defined as "organic matter, excluding fossil fuels, including agricultural crops, plants, trees, wood, wood wastes and residues, sawmill waste, sawdust, wood chips, bark chips, and forest thinning, harvesting, or clearing residues; wood waste from pallets or other wood demolition debris; peanut shells; pecan shells; cotton plants; corn stalks; and plant matter, including aquatic plants, grasses, stalks, vegetation, and residues, including hulls, shells, or cellulose-containing fibers." To qualify for the exemption, the biomass material must be utilized in the production of energy, including the production of electricity, steam, or both electricity and steam. Pellets and fuels derived from biomass are generally eligible.
Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesBond Program
Loan Program
NoNon-ProfitThe Strategic Industries Loan Fund (SILF) is a program offered by the OneGeorgia Authority. The purpose of SILF is to provide financing, through loan assistance, for the purchasing of fixed assets for companies that are considered as a relocation or expansion site for an emerging or development-stage company in a strategic industry targeted by Georgia. SILF is only to be used when needed to fill a financing gap that is unmet by the private sector. The State of Georgia has identified energy as a strategic target industry because it produces commercially viable technologies and will create higher quality jobs.
Capacity and Energy Payments to Cogenerators Under PURPA Docket (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesGreen Power Purchasing
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
YesState/ProvinceDocket No. 4822 was enacted by the Georgia Public Service Commission in accordance with The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) that was enacted to promote conservation and to encourage use of alternative sources of power generation. PURPA established a class of non-utility generators comprised of small power producers and cogenerators, referred to as Qualifying Facilities (QFs). Docket No. 4822, and subsequently Docket No. 19279, approved methodologies for full-avoided cost payments made by Georgia Power Company (GPC) to QFs pursuant to PURPA. Avoided costs are the “incremental costs to an electric utility of electric energy or capacity or both which, but for the purchase from the qualifying facility or qualifying facilities, such utility would generate itself or purchase from another source”. Standard firm (average capacity factor of at least 90%) and non-firm (energy only) contracts were established for QFs up to 80 MWs. Capacity payments are determined by the needs stated in the Integrated Resource Plan (IRP). RFPs are conducted to address the capacity needs. Commission Rule 515-3-4-.04(3)(f) exempts QFs up to 30 MWs from having to bid into RFPs. Instead, QFs must notice in to receive a proxy-price set by the last winning bidder of the RFP. QFs must operate at 96% availability to receive the proxy-price. QFs shall bear the cost of interconnections and any resulting changes to the transmission system.
Central Georgia EMC - Photovoltaic Rebate Program (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesUtility Rebate ProgramYesUtilityIn June 2008, Central Georgia Electric Membership Corporation (CGEMC) began offering a rebate of $450 per kilowatt (kW) to residential members who install photovoltaic (PV) systems that are interconnected and net-metered. To qualify, PV systems must have a warranty of five or more years and must be installed by a licensed contractor. In addition, PV systems are limited to 10 kW in capacity and must be installed in accordance with all applicable building and national electric codes.

Because Central Georgia EMC reserves the right to modify or cancel the program at any time without prior notification, interested members should contact Central Georgia EMC to ensure that a specific project is eligible for this incentive.
Clean Energy Tax Credit (Corporate) (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesCorporate Tax CreditNoState/Territory
NOTE: Due to a high level of interest, the Clean Energy Tax Credit annual funding of $5 million for years 2012, 2013 and 2014 has been fully allocated to compensate applicants wait listed from previous years. The Georgia Environmental Finance Authority is continuing to accept and process applications. If denied by the Georgia Department of Revenue, these applications will be added to a waiting list, prioritized by postmark, for possible credit allocation in a future year.

In May 2008, Georgia enacted legislation establishing personal and corporate tax credits for renewable energy equipment and certain energy-efficient equipment installed and placed into service. For renewable energy property used for any purpose other than single-family residential purposes, the tax credit is equal to 35% of the cost of the system (including installation), $0.60/square foot for lighting retrofit projects, and $1.80/square foot for energy-efficient products installed during construction. The credit is subject to various ceilings depending on the type of system or project. The maximum credit amount is the lesser of 35% of the system cost or the maximum dollar cap specified for the technology. The following credit limits for various technologies apply:

  • A maximum of $100,000 per installation for domestic solar water heating
  • A maximum of $500,000 per installation for photovoltaics (PV), solar thermal electric applications, active space heating, biomass equipment and wind energy systems
  • A maximum of $100,000 per installation for Energy Star-certified geothermal heat pumps
  • A maximum of $100,000 for lighting retrofit projects
  • A maximum of $100,000 for energy-efficient products installed during construction.

Leased systems are eligible for the credit. (In the case of a leased system, the cost is considered to be eight times the net annual rental rate, which is the annual rental rate paid by the taxpayer less any annual rental rate received by the taxpayer from sub-rentals.)

Before claiming the credit, the taxpayer must submit an application to the Georgia Department of Revenue for tentative approval, as the aggregate amount of tax credits -- both personal and corporate credits -- taken may not exceed $2,500,000 in any calendar year through December 31, 2011. The aggregate annual limit in 2012, 2013 and 2014 is $5 million. Tax credits are granted on a first-come, first-served basis and may not exceed the taxpayer's liability for that taxable year. Taxpayers who do not receive a full credit for an eligible system will be placed on a "priority list" for access to this credit in future years.

The credit must be taken for the taxable year in which the property is installed. For credits allowed through the end of 2011, any excess credit may be carried forward for five years from the close of the taxable year in which the clean energy property was installed. Credits allowed for 2012, 2013 or 2014 must be taken in four equal installments over four successive taxable years beginning with the taxable year in which the credit is allowed.

Solar hot water systems must be certified for performance by the Solar Rating Certification Corporation (SRCC), the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) or a comparable entity approved by the tax authority. The equipment must meet the certification standards of SRCC OG-100 or FSEC-GO-80 for solar thermal collectors and/or SRCC OG-300 or FSEC-GP-5-80 for solar thermal residential systems.

This tax credit took effect July 1, 2008, and is scheduled to expire December 31, 2014.

Climate Action Plan (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesClimate PoliciesNoState/ProvinceCurrently, the State of Georgia does not have a climate plan in place or in progress.  Some efficiency actions have been taken.
Coastal Management Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Coastal Management Act provides enabling authority for the State to prepare and administer a coastal management program. The Act does not establish new regulations or laws; it is designed to establish procedural requirements for the Department of Natural Resources to develop and implement a program for the sustainable development and protection of coastal resources. It establishes the Department of Natural Resources as the State agency to receive and disburse federal grant monies. It establishes the Governor as the approving authority of the program and as the person that must submit the program to the federal government for approval under the federal Coastal Zone Management Act. It requires other State agencies to cooperate with the Coastal Resources Division when exercising their activities within the coastal area.
Coastal Marshlands Protection Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Coastal Marshlands Protection Act provides the Coastal Resources Division with the authority to protect tidal wetlands. The Coastal Marshlands Protection Act limits certain activities and structures in marsh areas and requires permits for other activities and structures. Erecting structures, dredging, or filling marsh areas requires a Marsh Permit administered through the Coastal Management Program. In cases where the proposed activity involves construction on State-owned tidal water bottoms, a Revocable License issued by the Coastal Resources Division may also be required. Marsh Permits and Revocable Licenses are not issued for activities that are inconsistent with the Georgia Coastal Management Program.
Cobb EMC - Solar Rebate Program (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesUtility Rebate ProgramNoUtilityThis program is no longer offered.

Beginning in February 2008, Cobb Energy Management Corporation (EMC) offers rebates for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. Cobb EMC is offering members $450 per kilowatt-AC (kW-AC) installed, up to a maximum of 10 kW. In order to receive the rebate, PV systems must be interconnected to the grid. A rebate of $450 per system is also offered to solar water heating systems installed.

For more information and application forms, see the program web site listed above.

Cobb EMC also offers a green power purchasing program called Green Power EMC. Customers can purchase 150 kWh/month blocks of green power for $5.00/month. The green power is produced using methane gas, hydro, and biomass.
Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (United States)United States: Energy ResourcesGrant Program
Loan Program
YesFederalCommunity Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and expansions for existing businesses. State programs help achieve the national objective of CDBG by funding projects in which at least 51 percent of the new jobs created are made available to low and moderate income individuals. The maximum amounts awarded under the program are $1 million for new businesses locating to the state and $500,000 for existing businesses expanding in the state.
Energy Used in Manufacturing Sales and Use Tax Exemption (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesSales Tax IncentiveYesState/ProvinceGeorgia enacted legislation in April 2012 (HB 386) creating an exemption for energy used in the manufacturing of a product from the state's sales and use taxes. The sale, use, storage, or consumption of energy which is necessary and integral to the manufacture of tangible personal property at a manufacturing plant in the state of Georgia shall be exempt from all sales and use taxation except for the sales and use tax for educational purposes. This includes energy used directly or indirectly in a manufacturing facility. The exemption will be implemented over four years, with 25% phased-in each year beginning on January 1, 2013, and reaching 100% on January 1, 2016.
Enterprise Zone Program (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnterprise Zone
Personal Tax Incentives
Property Tax Incentive
YesLocalThe Enterprise Zone Program provides various tax incentives to businesses within designated underdeveloped zones in rural or urban areas. The State Enterprise Zone program intends to improve geographic areas within cities and counties that are suffering from disinvestment, underdevelopment, and economic decline, encouraging private businesses to reinvest and rehabilitate such areas. A business may be exempt from property tax and occupation taxes, and may receive an abatement or reduction in otherwise applicable regulatory fees and other fees.
Flint River Drought Protection Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental RegulationsYesLocalThe purpose of the Flint River Drought Protection Act is to maintain in-stream flow in times of drought by providing incentives for farmers to take acres out of irrigation. It allows Environmental Protection Division to pay farmers to stop irrigating. After a drought is declared, EPD can hold a voluntary seller’s auction, allowing farmers to offer prices per acre at which they are willing to stop irrigating. If the target is not achieved, EPD has authority to make further reductions on a “non-voluntary” basis.
Forestry Policies (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental RegulationsYesState/ProvinceGeorgia's Forests are managed by the Georgia Forestry Commission. In 2009 the Commission completed a statewide assessment of biomass resources:

The Commission also provides a number of informational resources with regard to forest biomass for energy generation:

Georgia offers exemption to biomass materials, including forest thinning residues, logging residues, and timber processing residues, from the state's sales and use taxes:
Georgia Air Quality Control Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesClimate Policies
Environmental Regulations
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Air Quality Control Act (AQCA) is a set of environmental regulations, permitting requirements, and air quality standards that control the amount of pollutants emitted and who emits them. The AQCA follows the minimum pollutant allowances outlined by the federal government in the Clean Air Act (CAA) 42. All stationary sources that may emit the pollutants listed in the CAA are required to obtain the appropriate permitting, unless they are otherwise exempt from the AQCA. Potential polluters can apply for individual exemption from the AQCA by requesting that the Director of the EPD grants them exemption. U.S.C. Section 7401. Georgia has also implemented the EPA's Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions requirements, which amend the CAA's permit program.

The AQCA requires that prior to beginning the construction or modification of any facility that may result in air pollution shall obtain a Construction (SIP) permit from the Director. The AQCA also requires that any person operating a facility from which air contaminants are or may be emitted obtain an Operating (SIP) permit, from the director. The following are exempt from SIP operating permits: fuel-burning equipment having a total heat input of less than 10 million BTUs per hour burning only natural gas, LPG and/or distillate fuel containing .50% sulfur by weight or less, fuel-burning equipment rated at less than 5 million BTUs per hour burning a wood or fossil fuel, any fuel-burning equipment with a rated input capacity of 2.5 million BTUs per hour or less, clean steam condensate and steam relief vents, stationary engines burning natural gas, LPG, and/or diesel fuel and used for peaking power, all petroleum liquid storage tanks storing a liquid with a true vapor pressure of equal or less than .50 psia as stored, all petroleum liquid storage tanks with a capacity of less than 40,000 gallons storing a liquid with a true vapor pressure of equal to or less than 2.0 psia as stored, all petroleum liquid storage tanks with a capacity of less than 10,000 gallons storing a petroleum liquid, gasoline storage and handling equipment at loading facilities handling less than 20,000 gallons per day or at vehicle dispensing facilities.

In addition the SIP permits required for all non-exempt construction and operating projects the AQCA requires that Title V operating permits be obtained by the owner and operator of any regulated source under 40 Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR) part 70. The applicant must follow the application procedures, emission standards, requirements, and reporting described in 40 CFR. The Title V applications will be submitted to the Director of the EPD, who will then provide a copy of the permit to the EPA for approval. The insignificant activities list as defined in 40 CFR part 70.2 do not need to be described in detail in the Part 70 permit application.

The Prevention of Significant Deterioration of Air Quality requires that a PSD permit be obtained in order to comply with federal GHG emission standards.
Georgia Commercial Laboratory Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Equipment Certification
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Commercial Laboratory Act requires all commercial environmental laboratories submitting data to the Environmental Protection Division (EPD) for regulatory purposes to be approved or accredited by an EPD approved accrediting authority. Data submitted for regulatory purposes means any data which is to be submitted to the EPD, or required to be retained on site for review by EPD, except for: Initial Hazardous Response Act (HSRA) data, data obtained from in-situ analysis, turbidity data for construction storm water permits, tests for which accreditation or certificate are unavailable.
Georgia Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Act of 1990 (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Act (SWMA) of 1990 was implemented in order to improve solid waste management procedures, permitting processes and management throughout the state. The SWMA states that no person shall engage in solid waste or special solid waste handling in Georgia or construct or operate a solid waste handling facility in Georgia without first obtaining a permit from the Director of the Environmental Protection Division.
Georgia Erosion and Sedimentation Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Erosion and Sedimentation Act (GESA) is designed to protect vegetated buffers. GESA establishes a minimum undisturbed, vegetated buffer of 25 feet for all streams in Georgia (measured from where vegetation is wrested by normal stream flow). Trout streams, both primary and secondary, require a minimum 50 foot undisturbed vegetated buffer. These buffer requirements are also incorporated into the General Construction Permit. Small trout streams with an annual flow of less than 24 gallons per minute (GPM) are exempt from the buffer requirements. Mining and agricultural activities are exempt from the buffer requirements. Ephemeral streams, streams that flow only during and after wet weather events and do not have a base flow from a groundwater source, are also exempt from buffer requirements. A project may obtain a variance from the Environmental Protection Division (EPD) Director, which will exempt a project from the buffer requirements.

Storm water management ponds, which act as drainage structures, are exempt from the buffer requirements.

Georgia Green Loans Save & Sustain Program (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesOther IncentiveYesNon-ProfitGeorgia Green Loans, a non-profit microlending agency, offers funding to "green" businesses using funding from a Georgia Environmental Finance Authority (GEFA) grant. The GEFA grant is based on State Energy Program funding from The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). Georgia Green Loans is using this funding for the "Save and Sustain" program to subsidize commercial energy audits for Georgia small businesses and commercial property owners, and to provide low-interest loans for energy-efficient improvements. Georgia Green Loans will cover most of the costs for commercial energy audits through a select group of energy auditing partners, allowing businesses to inform decisions on energy efficiency improvements. Loan amounts range from $500 to $35,000 and loans may be used for a variety of technologies, including HVAC systems, insulation, and Energy Star appliances. The maximum term of the loan is five years. Loans are available to renewable energy and energy efficiency businesses, in addition to other types of "green" businesses.
Georgia Groundwater Use Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe purpose of the Georgia Groundwater Use Act is to establish procedures to be followed to obtain a permit to withdraw, obtain or utilize groundwater and for the submission of information concerning the amount of grand water withdrawal, its intended use, and the proposed aquifer or aquifers of withdrawal to the Environmental Protection Division (EPD). Groundwater withdrawals of greater than 100,000 gallons per day require a permit from the EPD. Permit applications that request an increase in water usage must also submit a water conservation plan approved by the Director of the EPD.
Georgia Hazardous Site Response Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Public Benefits Fund
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Hazardous Site Response Act is Georgia’s version of Superfund. The Act provides for graduated fees on the disposal of hazardous waste, a trust fund to enable the EPD to clean up or plan sites and administer the program, a strict joint and several liability scheme similar to that of the federal CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability ACT), an EPD inventory of “known or suspected” Georgia hazardous sites, a system requiring deed notices and affidavit recording on county real property records for sites having substance releases in excess of “reportable quantities” (as defined by regulation), EPD authority to issue non-appealable correction action orders with mandatory punitive damages for non-compliance and new reporting requirements for contaminated property. Common issues are: contaminated sediments, contaminated groundwater, and contaminated soil. The state collects about $1.6 million a year in hazardous waste management fees, $ 6 million a year in solid waste management fees, $7.5 million a year in hazardous substance reporting fees.
Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Act (HWMA) describes a comprehensive, Statewide program to manage hazardous wastes through regulating hazardous waste generation, transportation, storage, treatment, and disposal. Hazardous waste is defined by the Board of Natural Resources, and it includes any waste that the Board concludes is capable of posing a substantial present or future hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, transported, stored, disposed, or otherwise managed, based on regulations promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The Hazardous Waste Management Act is administered and implemented by the Environmental Protection Division. No person shall and it shall be unlawful and a violation of the HWMA to construct, install, operate or substantially alter a hazardous waste facility without first obtaining and possessing a hazardous waste facility permit from the Director of the EPD. The Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Act covers the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous wastes and supplements the federal RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act). Violators are classified based on an analysis of the facility’s overall compliance with RCRA, which includes prior recalcitrant behavior, or a history of non-compliance. This establishes two categories of violators: Significant Non-Compilers (SNC) and other Secondary Violators (SV). SNCs are those facilities that have caused actual exposure or a substantial likelihood of exposure to hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents; are chronic or recalcitrant violators; or deviate substantially from the terms of a permit, order, and agreement or from RCRA statutory or regulatory requirements. The actual or substantial likelihood of exposure can be evaluated using facility specific environmental and exposure information whenever possible. This may include evaluating potential exposure pathways and the mobility and toxicity of the hazardous waste being managed. However, environmental impact alone is sufficient to cause a facility to be a SNC, particularly when the environmental media affected require special protection (e.g., wetlands or sources of underground drinking water). Facilities are evaluated on a multi-media basis; however, a facility may be found to be a chronic or recalcitrant violator based solely on prior RCRA violations and behavior.
Georgia Nuclear Energy Financing Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesGenerating Facility Rate-Making
Industry Recruitment/Support
YesState/ProvinceThe “Georgia Nuclear Energy Financing Act,” amends existing Georgia law to allow a utility to recover from its customers the costs of financing associated with the construction of a nuclear plant that has been certified by the Georgia Public Service Commission. The financing charges shall accrue on all applicable certified costs as they are recorded in the utility’s construction work in progress (CWIP) accounts. The financing costs shall be based on the utility’s actual cost of debt and authorized cost of equity. The financing costs shall be recovered from each customer on an equal percentage basis. The Commission shall retain discretion when setting charges on senior or low-income assisted customers.

From the Act:

"For any nuclear generating plant certified by the commission on or after January 1, 2009, and before July 1, 2009, the utility shall begin recovering on January 1, 2011, any costs of financing the construction of the nuclear generating plant. Any such costs incurred prior to January 1, 2011, shall be accrued, capitalized, and included in the balance of the account and then amortized over the next five years following January 1, 2011, and shall be recovered with one-fifth of those deferred costs being recovered each year for five years."
Georgia Oil and Gas Deep Drilling act of 1975 (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceGeorgia's Oil and Gas and Deep Drilling Act regulates oil and gas drilling activities to provide protection of underground freshwater supplies and certain "environmentally sensitive" areas. The Board of Natural Resources has the authority to implement this Act. The Act establishes requirements for drilling, casing, and plugging of wells for oil, gas, or mineral exploration: (1) to alleviate escape of gas or oil from one stratum to another; (2) to prevent the pollution of freshwater by oil, gas, salt water or other contaminants; (3) to prevent drowning of any stratum that might reduce the total ultimate recovery of gas or oil; and, (4) to prevent fires, waste, and spillage of contaminants such as oil. The Director of the Environmental Protection Division (EPD) is responsible for issuing Permits to Drill. Applications must contain details about the plans for drilling to the satisfaction of the director. After discovery of an oil and gas pool and for the prevention of waste, to avoid the drilling of an excessive number of wells and to assure the ultimate maximum recovery of gas or oil, the Director shall, after due investigation and a hearing, establish drilling and/or operation units. The director also, after investigation and a hearing, shall make such special orders as will give to each producer the opportunity to use his just and equitable share of the maximum reservoir energy of any pool. The permittee must submit a well completion report within 45 days of well completion.
Georgia Power - Small and Medium Scale Advanced Solar Initiative (GPASI) (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesOther IncentiveYesUtilityNote: The application process for the small and medium scale solar programs began on March 1, 2013 and will continue through March 11, 2013. If completed applications exceed program capacity limit of 45 megawatts (MW), a lottery will be conducted, with Georgia Public Service Commission oversight.

Georgia Power is currently offering the Advanced Solar Initiative (GPASI) solar energy purchase program. The GPASI is intended to acquire 210 megawatts (MW) of solar energy by 2015. The GPASI will procure solar energy in two ways: through RFP's from solar developers, and through solar purchase offerings from small-scale facilities and medium-scale facilities. This summary is intended to describe the small-scale and medium-scale programs only.

Eligible small-scale solar facilities include systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW), and medium-scale solar facilities range from 100 kW up to 1 MW. Both the small-scale and medium-scale purchase agreement are set at $0.13 per kilowatt hour (kWh)*.

Qualifying small and medium scale solar facilities are required to be directly interconnected to Georgia Power’s distribution system. In order to participate in the GPASI program 100% of the solar energy generated is for sale and will be purchased by Georgia Power. Purchase agreements are for 20 year terms.Payments will be made monthly to participating faculties, and participating facilities will be charged metering equipment and metering service charges by Georgia Power.Medium-scale facilities must carry a minimum of one million dollars in liability insurance.

Georgia Power only purchases the energy generated from the facilities, therefore the participating facility retains ownership of all renewable energy credits (RECs) and any environmental attributes. GPASI agreements may be sold, given a minimum of 30 days written notice provided to Georgia Power.

* An escalated pricing schedule ranging from $0.085/kWh in 2013 to $0.174/kWh in 2034 is available for medium-scale facilities.
Georgia Power - Solar Buyback Program (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesPerformance-Based IncentiveYesUtilityNote: This program is fully subscribed and is not accepting new customers into the program at this time.

Georgia Power, the state's largest utility, has established a green power program, that allows the company to purchase limited solar generation at a premium price based on other customers voluntarily paying a premium on their electric bill to support renewable generation. System owners are paid for generation at a higher rate than the rate at which they would be compensated under the standard Renewable and Non-Renewable program (RNR-8). Georgia Power purchases 100% of the electricity from photovoltaic (PV) systems at a rate of $0.17 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), with a current aggregate program capacity limit of 4.4 megawatts (MW). This program is currently full and there is not any available capacity at this time. The expansion of this program depends on the increase of customers purchasing green energy from Georgia Power. Georgia Power maintains a waiting list for this program.

All equipment must comply with the standards set down by Underwriters Laboratories (UL), the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), and the National Electrical Safety Code.
Georgia Radiation Control Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Radiation Control Act is designed to prevent any associated harmful effects upon the environment or the health and safety of the public through the institution and maintenance of a regulatory program for radioactive material waste sources. The act provides that all facilities or sites for the concentration, storage or burial of radioactive waste must be constructed and operate pursuant to a permit issued by the Director of the Environmental Protection Division (EPD). The director may specify in the permit the conditions under which site or facility shall be operated. The permittee shall post a surety bond payable to the state and shall have and maintain financial protection to cover possible public liability in amounts to be determined by the Director. Applicants must provide information on the following: Administrative, Technical, And Environmental. Permits to construct and operate will be issued separately, and shall not last for more than 180 days and a year respectively. The permittee is fully responsible for the site until satisfactory termination of all activities is approved by the Director.
Georgia Safe Dams Act of 1978 (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe purpose of the Georgia Safe Dams Act is to provide regulation, inspection and permitting of dams to the State. The Director of the Environmental Protection Division (EPD) is responsible for ensuring that a competent engineer designs all dams, approving plans for inspection and maintenance, and otherwise monitoring the condition of dams. It requires that anyone wishing to construct a dam must obtain a permit from the EPD; permission to remove a dam is also required. Dams receiving federal funds or under federal regulation are exempt. Artificial barriers less than 6 feet high are also exempt. Dams are classified into two categories. Category I is where improper operation or dam failure would probably cause loss of human life. Category II is where dam failure would be unlikely to cause deaths. Category I dams are monitored more closely by EPD.
Georgia Surface Mining Act of 1968 (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThis law regulates all surface mining in Georgia, including the coastal zone. It includes provisions to “advance the protection of fish and wildlife and the protection and restoration of land, water, and other resources affected by mining.” It establishes authority with Georgia DNR’s Environmental Protection Division to issue mining permits consistent with the purposes of the Act. Prior to commencing any surface mining operation a mining operator shall be required to obtain a permit to conduct such surface mining operation from the director. The law also provides conditions for issuance of mining permits and gives the Environmental Protection Division authority to review, investigate, and revoke such permits, as well as to conduct research studies of mining land uses. The law also provides penalties for failure to comply with conditions of mining permits. Tunnels, shafts and dimension stone quarries are exempted from permit requirements.
Georgia Underground Gas Storage Act of 1972 (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Underground Gas Storage Act, which permits the building of reserves for withdrawal in periods of peak demand, was created to promote the economic development of the State of Georgia and provide for more economical distribution of gas to the domestic, commercial, and industrial consumers of the State. Any gas utility desiring to utilize or operate an underground reservoir shall first apply to the Public Service Commission for an order approving the proposed project.
Georgia Underground Storage Tank Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Underground Storage Act (GUST) provides a comprehensive program to prevent, detect, and correct releases from underground storage tanks (“USTs”) of “regulated substances” other than hazardous wastes governed by the RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act) regulations. The regulations provide design, construction, installation, and operating standards for new USTs, a schedule for upgrading existing USTs, release detection methods for new USTs, and a phase-in of such methods for existing USTs. Notification and record keeping are required, as is reporting and correction of releases. The act establishes the GUST trust fund that will provide, to participating owners and operators, coverage for corrective action necessitated by releases from petroleum product USTs. An UST owner or operator conducting corrective action, either through a hired contractor or through the State Contractor, is entitled to reimbursement of reasonable costs from the GUST Trust Fund, in accordance with provisions of the GUST Act and the GUST Rules. The regulations establishing technical standards for USTs emphasize leak prevention, detection, and corrective action. The company wishing to create a UST must receive permitting from the EPD. A state certified contractor must be used for construction and maintenance.
Georgia Utility Facility Protection Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesSafety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Utility Facility Protection Act (GUFPA) was established to protect the underground utility infrastructure of Georgia. GUFPA mandates that, before starting any mechanized digging or excavation work, you must contact Georgia 811 at least 48 hours but no more than 10 working days in advance to have utility lines marked. This law covers activities such as excavation, tunneling, grading, boring, demolition or any similar work. Any person must submit a Design Locate Request, which is a communication to the utilities protection center (UPC) in which a request for locating existing utility facilities for bidding, predesign, or advance planning purposes is made, to the UPC.
Georgia Waste Control Law (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental RegulationsYesState/ProvinceThe Waste Control Law makes it unlawful to dump waste in any lakes, streams or surfaces waters of the State or on any private property without consent of the property owner. Waste is very broadly defined to mean any discarded substance and specifically includes "sand, gravel, slag, rubbish, waste material, tin cans, refuse, garbage, trash, debris, bottles, boxes, containers, papers, tires, appliances, mechanical equipment or parts, building or construction materials, wood, motor vehicle parts, oil, batteries, etc. The term dump is also broadly defined to mean "to throw, discard, place, deposit, discharge, burn, or dispose of a substance." To be considered waste discarded items must exceed ten pounds or 15 cubic feet, otherwise they are classified as litter and are subject to Georgia Code 16-7-40.
Georgia Water Quality Control Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Georgia Water Quality Control Act (WQCA) is a set of environmental regulations and permitting requirements that comply with the federal Clean Water Act. The Georgia Water Quality Control Act is enforced by the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (EPD). Under the WQCA any person, corporation, or activity that may result in the discharging of any pollutant from a point source into United States water must obtain a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit from the EPD, also known as a General Permit. If the EPD finds a violation of the WQCA a fine of up to $32,500 per day may be enforced. In addition the EPD may also: require immediate actions to correct the violation(s), order facility operators to cease operations until the problems are fully addressed, revoke the discharger's permit and refuse to renew a permit. Each pollutant discharged at one site constitutes a single violation. A permit is required whenever there are construction activities that disturb a land area of one acre or greater, or tracts of less than one acre that are part of a larger overall development with a combined disturbance of one acre or greater. The applicant must submit a Notice of Intent (NOI) to discharge to the EPD and Local Issuing Authority (LIA) 15 days prior to commencement of construction activities. The applicant must also submit an Erosion, Sedimentation and Pollution Control Plan (ESPCP or the Plan) which outlines Best Management Practices (BMP) and sampling locations prior to commencement of construction activities. The permittee will pay $8- per disturbed acre, half to the EPD and half to LIA. All permittees must provide monthly, by the 15th of the month, discharge monitoring reports on their (DMRs) to the EPD.
GreyStone Power - Photovoltaic Rebate Program (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesUtility Rebate ProgramYesUtilityGreyStone Power, an electricity cooperative in Georgia, offers a rebate for solar photovoltaic (PV) systems to members. The one-time rebate is offered for PV installations that are interconnected and net-metered. The rebate is equal to $450 per kilowatt (kW) AC for systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity.

Contact the cooperative for more information on the PV rebate program process.
High Voltage Safety Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesSafety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe purpose of the High Voltage Safety Act is to prevent injury to persons and property and interruptions of utility service resulting from accidental or inadvertent contact with high-voltage electric lines by providing that no work shall be done in the vicinity of such lines unless and until the owner or operator thereof has been notified of such work and has taken the appropriate safety measures. The Georgia Public Service Commission requires that anyone doing work in the vicinity of overhead high voltage lines must notify the Utilities Protection Center at least 72 hours in advance, excluding weekends and holidays, to enable the owner or operator of the high-voltage lines to determine the precise tract or parcel of land involved.
Integrated Resource Planning Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesIndustry Recruitment/Support
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceGeorgia’s Integrated Resource Planning Act, which was passed in 1991 and is now Georgia Code § 46-3A, requires that any proposed new electric plant receive certification by the Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC) before construction begins. A utility is entitled to recover pre-approved costs after a plant is built or canceled. In 2009, the Georgia Legislature passed the Georgia Nuclear Energy Financing Act which allowed Georgia utilities to recover from its customers the costs of financing associated with the construction of a nuclear plant that has been certified by the Georgia Public Service Commission, during the nuclear plant’s construction phase.
Interconnection Guidelines (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesInterconnectionYesState/TerritoryThe Georgia Cogeneration and Distributed Generation Act of 2001 allows residential electricity customers with photovoltaic (PV) systems, wind-energy systems or fuel cells up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity, and commercial facilities up to 100 kW, to connect to the grid. The aggregate capacity of distributed generation systems is limited to 0.2% of a utility's system peak demand from the previous year. Interconnected customers must comply with all relevant national standards, including those established by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), Underwriters Laboratories (UL), and the National Electrical Safety Code (NEC). Furthermore, the Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC) may adopt additional safety, power-quality and interconnection requirements. There is no provision in Georgia's interconnection standards requiring customers to install a manual external disconnect device. Utilities may not require additional tests or additional liability insurance.
Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States)Alabama: Energy Resources
Alaska: Energy Resources
Arizona: Energy Resources
Arkansas: Energy Resources
California: Energy Resources
Colorado: Energy Resources
Florida: Energy Resources
Georgia: Energy Resources
Idaho: Energy Resources
Illinois: Energy Resources
Indiana: Energy Resources
Kansas: Energy Resources
Kentucky: Energy Resources
Louisiana: Energy Resources
Maryland: Energy Resources
Michigan: Energy Resources
Mississippi: Energy Resources
Montana: Energy Resources
Nebraska: Energy Resources
Nevada: Energy Resources
New Mexico: Energy Resources
New York: Energy Resources
North Dakota: Energy Resources
Ohio: Energy Resources
Oklahoma: Energy Resources
Pennsylvania: Energy Resources
South Dakota: Energy Resources
Texas: Energy Resources
Utah: Energy Resources
Virginia: Energy Resources
West Virginia: Energy Resources
Wyoming: Energy Resources
Environmental RegulationsYesState/ProvinceThe Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission assists member states efficiently maximize oil and natural gas resources through sound regulatory practices while protecting the nation's health, safety and the environment.

The Commission serves as the collective voice of member governors on oil and gas issues and advocates states' rights to govern petroleum resources within their borders.

The Commission formed the Geological CO2 Sequestration Task Force, which examines the technical, policy and regulatory issues related to safe and effective storage of CO2 in the subsurface (depleted oil and natural gas fields, saline formations and coal beds).

The Commission also funds research on hydraulic fracking, reusing water used in extracting oil and gas, and makes recommendations on national energy policies and statutes for individual states.

The Commission also has several associate states: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Missouri, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. In addition, it has international affiliations with the Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, and the Yukon.
Jackson EMC - Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesUtility Rebate ProgramYesUtilityJackson Electric Membership Corporation (Jackson EMC), which serves over 185,000 residential customers, offers rebates to those customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems or solar water-heating systems. In exchange for these incentives, Jackson EMC retains the rights to any renewable energy credits (RECs) associated with the energy production of these systems.

Solar Rebate Program for Homes

Residential customers may qualify for the one-time rebate of $450 per kilowatt (kW) of DC installed, up to 10 kW. In order to qualify, they must select a trained and certified North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) contractor to install the system, which must be certified by the Florida Solar Energy Center. In addition, the customer's system must meet Jackson EMC requirements and be pre-approved for interconnection and net metering.

Solar Water Heater Rebate Program

Members may qualify for the one-time $525 rebate for installation of solar water heaters. In order to qualify, they must select a trained and certified NABCEP contractor to install their system. Jackson EMC maintains a list of pre-approved contractors, and some solar water heater manufacturers' training programs may be allowed instead of NABCEP certification, though this requires pre-approval. The solar water heater system must be certified OG-300 by the Solar Rating and Certification Corporation (SRCC). In addition, prior to installation, the member must provide a computer model representing estimated performance and must indicate the site address, number of collectors, estimated hot water consumption, estimated average ground water temperature, collector orientation and roof pitch. The performance report must include information on annual solar fraction and estimated monthly solar energy production in kilowatt-hours (kWh). The system must be freeze protected (closed loop or drain back design only) and must have the ability to accurately calculate and store system performance data.
Local Option - Special Improvement Districts (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesPACE FinancingYesState/TerritoryNote: The Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) issued a statement in July 2010 concerning the senior lien status associated with most PACE programs. In response to the FHFA statement, most local PACE programs have been suspended until further clarification is provided.

Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing effectively allows property owners to borrow money to pay for energy improvements. The amount borrowed is typically repaid via a special assessment on the property over a period of years. Georgia has authorized certain local governments to establish such programs, as described below. (Not all local governments in Georgia offer PACE financing; contact your local government to find out if it has established a PACE financing program.)

Georgia has authorized the expansion of "business improvement districts" to allow county, city, or town development authorities to provide financing for the installation of renewable energy systems, energy efficiency or conservation improvements, and water efficiency or conservation improvements to residential, commercial, industrial or other qualifying property.
Marketers' Certificate of Authority (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesSiting and PermittingYesState/ProvinceThe Marketers' Certificate of Authority is mandated by the Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC), and is a part of the Natural Gas Competition and Deregulation Act. It requires that any company seeking to distribute natural gas in the state obtain a certificate of authority from the PSC. To obtain a certificate of authority, an applicant must demonstrate to the Commission's satisfaction that it possesses adequate financial and technical capability to sell or offer to sell natural gas within the state.
Net Metering (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesNet MeteringYesState/TerritoryThe Georgia Cogeneration and Distributed Generation Act of 2001 requires all utilities -- investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- to offer bidirectional or single directional metering to customer generators, depending on how the customer's facility is connected to the grid. Eligible technologies include photovoltaic (PV) systems, fuel cells and wind turbines up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity for residential applications, and systems up to 100 kW for commercial applications. The aggregate capacity of such systems is limited to 0.2% of a utility's system peak demand from the previous year. Systems connected on the customer's side of the meter use a bi-directional meter, and any net excess generation (NEG) is credited to the customer's next bill at a predetermined rate filed with the Georgia Public Service Commission. Alternatively, a customer may choose to sell all electricity from a system (rather than using the electricity generated by the system) by connecting ahead of the meter. Customers should contact their utility to see if it offers net metering.
Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Safety and Operational Guidelines
YesState/ProvinceThe Oil or Hazardous Spills Law requires notice to the Environmental Protection Division of the State Department of Natural Resources Emergency Operations Center when there is a spill or release of oil or hazardous substances in an unknown and/or excess quantity. The term hazardous substance is very broadly defined. "Spill or release" means "discharge, deposit, dumping, emitting, releasing, leaking, etc." and includes the discharge of oil into waters of the state which will cause a significant film, sheen, or discoloration of the water surface or cause the deposition of sludge or emulsion beneath the water surface.
Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures serve to protect Georgia's natural and environmental resources by requiring permits be issued by the Director of the Environmental Protection Division prior to any petroleum or petroleum product pipe company acquiring property or interests by eminent domain. Monitoring conditions will be issued with permits. The applicant must prove to the director that the portion of the proposed pipeline, which is the subject of the application, is consistent with and not an undue hazard to the environment and natural resources of Georgia. Permit applications shall include an environmental effects report.
Protection of Tidewaters (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Protection of Tidewaters Act establishes the State of Georgia as the owner of the beds of all tidewaters within the State, except where title by a private party can be traced to a valid British Crown or State land grant. The Act provides the Department of Natural Resources the authority to remove those structures that are capable of habitation, or incapable of or not used for transportation.
Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesRenewables Portfolio Standards and GoalsYesState/ProvinceThis entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Georgia as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection. REC prices in markets with voluntary goals (North Dakota, South Dakota) may be lower.
Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources Tariff RNR-7 (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesGreen Power Purchasing
Mandatory Utility Green Power Option
YesUtilityThe Renewable and Non-Renewable Resource tariff is authorized by the Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC), which requires that the investor owned utility, Georgia Power Company, purchase renewable energy cumulative to 0.2% of the Company's annual peak demand in the previous year. Georgia Power purchases renewable energy from eligible providers on a first-come, first-serve basis until the cumulative generating capacity of all renewable sources reaches a specific amount set by the Georgia Public Service Commission. The company will pay avoided energy cost as defined by the most recent informational filing made by the company in compliance with the final order in the PURPA Avoided Cost Docket No. 4822. Additional energy may be purchased by the company at a cost agreed to by it and the Provider. Georgia Power will purchase solar energy through the RNR tariff at the company's Solar Avoided Cost rate (filed in Docket No. 16573) as approved by the Georgia Public Service Commission.
Sawnee EMC - Solar Photovoltaic Rebate Program (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesUtility Rebate ProgramYesUtilitySawnee EMC offers a rebate of $300 per kilowatt (kW) to residential customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems that meet the cooperative's net metering guidelines. The rebate applies residential customers with PV systems up to 10 kW in capacity. Because incentives are subject to change without notice, interested customers should contact Sawnee EMC to ensure that a specific project is eligible for a rebate under this program.
Shore Proection Act (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesEnvironmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
YesState/ProvinceThe Shore Protection Act is the primary legal authority for protection and management of Georgia's shoreline features including sand dunes, beaches, sandbars, and shoals, collectively known as the sand-sharing system. The value of the sand-sharing system is recognized as vitally important in protecting the coastal marshes and uplands from Atlantic storm activity, as well as providing valuable recreational opportunities.

The Shore Protection Act limits activities in shore areas and requires a permit for certain activities and structures on the beach. Construction activity in sand dunes is limited to temporary structures such as crosswalks, and then only by permit from the Georgia Coastal Resources Division. Structures such as boat basins, docks, marinas, and boat ramps are not allowed in the dunes. Shore Permits, which are administered by the Coastal Resources Division, are not granted for activities that are inconsistent with the Georgia Coastal Management Program. The Shore Protection Act prohibits operation of any motorized vehicle on or over the dynamic dune fields and beaches, except as authorized for emergency vehicles, and governmental vehicles for beach maintenance or research. The Shore Protection Act also prohibits storage or parking of sailboats, catamarans, or other marine craft in the dynamic dune field.

Direct permitting authority regarding any proposed facilities located within the jurisdictional area the Shore Protection Act lies with the Shore Protection Committee. The Georgia Coastal Resources Division administers these permits. This authority is a very important aspect of the Georgia Coastal Management Program, since recreation at the water's edge is a significant demand. Providing public access and recreational opportunities at or near the beach while protecting the sand sharing system is an important component of the Program.
Solar Easements (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesSolar/Wind Access PolicyYesState/TerritoryIn determining that the use of solar energy "can help reduce the nation's reliance upon imported fuels," Georgia encourages the development of solar-energy systems. Accordingly, under Georgia's Solar Easements Act of 1978, easements may be established to allow owners of solar-energy systems to negotiate for assurance of continued access to sunlight. Any easement must be created in writing and is subject to the same requirements as all other legal easements. The easement must contain:
  • A description of the airspace affected by the easement
  • Any terms and/or conditions under which the easement is granted or will be terminated
Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (Multiple States)Alabama: Energy Resources
Florida: Energy Resources
Georgia: Energy Resources
Mississippi: Energy Resources
Tennessee: Energy Resources
Virginia: Energy Resources
Environmental RegulationsYesState/ProvinceThe Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is administered by the Compact Commission. The Compact provides for rotating responsibility for the region's low-level radioactive waste, and the Commission can set rules for waste disposal in the region.
Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States)Alabama: Energy Resources
Arkansas: Energy Resources
Florida: Energy Resources
Georgia: Energy Resources
Kentucky: Energy Resources
Louisiana: Energy Resources
Maryland: Energy Resources
Mississippi: Energy Resources
Missouri: Energy Resources
North Carolina: Energy Resources
Oklahoma: Energy Resources
Puerto Rico: Energy Resources
South Carolina: Energy Resources
Tennessee: Energy Resources
Texas: Energy Resources
United States Virgin Islands: Energy Resources
Virginia: Energy Resources
West Virginia: Energy Resources
Environmental Regulations
Industry Recruitment/Support
YesState/ProvinceThe Southern States Energy Compact provides for the proper employment and conservation of energy, and for the employment of energy-related facilities, materials, and products, within the context of a responsible regard for the environment, among the Southeastern states, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Southern States Energy Board is responsible for administering the Compact and may adopt bylaws, rules, and regulations in conjunction with state agencies. The Board also encourages the development, conservation, and responsible use of energy and energy-related facilities, installations, and products as part of a balanced economy and a healthy environment.
TVA - Green Power Providers (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesPerformance-Based IncentiveYesUtilityTennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and participating power distributors of TVA power offer a performance-based incentive program to homeowners and businesses for the installation of renewable generation systems from the following qualifying resources: PV, wind, hydropower, and biomass. The long term Green Power Providers program replaces the Generation Partners* pilot program. The energy generated from these renewable generation systems will count towards TVA's green power pricing program, Green Power Switch.

The Green Power Providers program contract term is 20 years. For years 1-10, TVA will purchase 100% of the output from qualifying solar systems at a premium of $0.04** per kilowatt-hour (kWh) and from all other systems at $0.03 kWh** on top of the retail electricity rate. Participants will be paid only the applicable retail rate for years 11-20 of the contract. Premium payments will be reviewed annually by TVA, with plans to phase these payments out over the life of the program. All new participants in the Generation Power Providers program will receive a $1,000 incentive to offset the upfront cost. Participation in the Generation Power Providers program is subject to annual limits imposed by TVA and based upon available budget, the value of renewable technologies to TVA and renewable energy market conditions. Eligible Systems must not have previously generated renewable energy for sale to TVA prior to October 1, 2012, unless the system was part of the Generation Partners pilot.

TVA will retain all rights to all renewable energy credits and any other environmental attributes provided by system. Payment is made by either the Distributor Billing Option or the TVA-Vendor Direct Billing Option. With the Distributor Billing Option, a generation credit is issued by the local power company on the monthly power bill for the home or business where the generation system is located. If a qualifying system produces more electricity than the customer consumes, payment for any excess credits will be issued either monthly or annually, at the discretion of the power company. With the TVA-Vendor Direct Billing Option, participants receive the retail-rate portion of their monthly generation credit from the local power company and the premium rate is issued through a TVA-designated third party vendor.

Qualifying systems will have a minimum total nameplate generation capacity (DC) of 500 watts (W) and a maximum of 50 kilowatts (kW). Systems over 50kW may qualify to participate in TVA’s Mid-Sized Renewable Standard Offer program (link to DSIRE summary). Systems greater than 10 kilowatts in size will be subject to a load requirement. A “load requirement” simply means that the system’s maximum capacity will be limited so that it should not generate more than 100% of the energy usage or consumption at the home or business. TVA will conduct annual program evaluations to set annual MW limits to the program. These limits will be made available on the Generation Power Providers web site. A limit of 2.5 MW in nameplate capacity has been set for the remainder of the 2012 calendar year and 9 MW in nameplate capacity for the 2013 calendar year.

Installations must comply with local codes and adhere to guidelines established by the program. All equipment must be in compliance with environmental regulations and national standards, certified by a licensed electrician, and meet all applicable codes. Systems must be dual-metered, have an external disconnect switch, be grid-tied, and be validated under an interconnection agreement.

* Existing Generation Partners participants may qualify for a 10 year contract extension to be paid at retail prices.

**Prices reflect Premium Rates for 2014 Calendar Year and are applicable for agreements executed and dated by TVA on or after January 1, 2014 but on or prior to December 31, 2014.
TVA - Mid-Sized Renewable Standard Offer Program (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesPerformance-Based IncentiveYesUtilityNOTE: TVA has issued additional 100 MW of capacity for Renewable Standard Offer (RSO) program for 2015. Applications for new projects will open starting January 2, 2015.

The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) now compliments the small generation Green Power Providers Program by providing incentives for mid-sized renewable energy generators between 50kW and 20MW to enter into long term price contracts. The goal for total production from all participants is 100MW, with no more than 50MW from any one renewable technology. The Renewable Standard Offer program also includes Solar Solution Initiative program that offers additional financial incentives for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) projects.

TVA bases the standard offer for customer generators off of a seasonal time-of-day averages chart, which sets base prices for the term of the contract. For projects approved after January 2015, prices increase at a rate of 5% per year beginning in 2016 and may be changed with 90 days’ notice by TVA (no more than 1% per year). For 2015, the average price is expected range between $0.029/kWh during low demand periods to $0.051/kWh during high demand periods. Learn more about pricing here. Generation is recorded monthly through metering equipment installed by TVA and paid for by the participant.

All energy output, Renewable Energy Credits (RECs), or other environmental attributes from installations under this program belong to TVA, and all marketing of the program should indicate that TVA (not the power seller) consumes all of the energy from these renewable energy projects. Biomass, Wind, or Photovoltaics can be interconnected through either TVA's transmission system or partners' distribution systems under 10, 15, or 20 year contracts. Biomass should co-fire 50% or more with the fuel consumption content approved by TVA and separately metered. The remainder of the biomass production can be purchased through the TVA's Dispersed Power Production Program.

Before approval, the seller must provide TVA with project financing arrangements, interconnection agreements between the seller and either TVA or a Distributor, and TVA metering installation plans at an environmentally acceptable location. The participating power producer is responsible for interconnection, performance assurance, and application costs. TVA, or an approved third party, will also perform an environmental review at the seller’s cost.
The Center of Innovation for Energy (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesTraining/Technical AssistanceYesNon-ProfitThe Center of Innovation for Energy accelerates the development of new products, ideas and business models in the Energy Ecosystem to help the State maintain a leadership position in the fields of Energy generation, transmission, distribution, storage and consumption. The bridge between research and

commercialization can be challenging. The COI for Energy accelerates this process by providing direct access to research at the University System of Georgia, technical colleges and other research facilities, including Herty Advanced Materials Development Center. The One Stop Shop connects qualified businesses with representatives from over 20 state and federal agencies. Companies present their energy-related projects to the panel and

leave with materials they need to streamline their start up or growth process. This is a program designed to encourage companies to incorporate their business in Georgia, by providing them with guidance and information.
The Entrepreneaur and Small Business Loan Guarantee Fund (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesLoan ProgramYesNon-ProfitThe Entrepreneur and Small Business Loan Guarantee Fund (ESB) were created by the OneGeorgia Authority to encourage the development or rural, locally owned, small business. The program, in partnership with accredited Georgia financial institutions, provides loans to eligible entrepreneurs and small business owners living in rural areas. These loans range from $35,000 up to $250,000 at competitive interest rates. The OneGeorgia Authority guarantees up to 50% of the loan, which can be used for start-up, fixed assets, or working capital. This public-private partnership allows any accredited financial institution in Georgia to access these shared-risk loans funds, provided the ESB project is located in a rural county.
The Natural Gas Competition and Regulation Act of 1998Georgia: Energy ResourcesGenerating Facility Rate-Making
Industry Recruitment/Support
YesState/ProvinceThe Natural Gas Competition and Deregulation Act's stated intent and purposes are to: promote competition; protect the consumer during and after the transition to competition; maintain and encourage safe and reliable service; deregulate those components of the industry subject to actual competition; continue to regulate those services subject to monopoly power; promote an orderly and expeditious transition of the industry toward fully developed competition; provide for rate-making methods which include the use of straight fixed variable rate design, the recovery of certain stranded costs and the use of alternative forms of rate regulation; and allow gas companies the opportunity to compete effectively in a competitive marketplace. The Act was amended in 2001 so as to provide that a retail customer shall be authorized to change marketers at least once a year without incurring any service charge relating to such change to an alternative marketer; to require the Public Service Commission to have published at least quarterly in newspapers throughout the state a summary of the price per therm and any other amounts charged to retail customers by each marketer operating in this state and any additional information which the commission deems appropriate to assist customers in making decisions regarding choice of a marketer; to repeal conflicting laws; and for other purposes.
The Quality Jobs Tax Credit (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesCorporate Tax IncentiveYesState/ProvinceThe Quality Jobs Tax Credit provides a tax credit of $2,500-$5,000 per job, per year, for up to five year to companies that create at least 50 jobs in a twelve month period. Credits may be carried forward for ten years.
The Small Business Tax Relief Program (Georgia)Georgia: Energy ResourcesCorporate Tax Incentive
Personal Tax Incentives
YesState/ProvinceThe Small Business Tax Relief stipulation allows for faster depreciation on equipment deduction in which businesses can choose to claim the expense in one year as opposed to several years.