U.S. OpenLabs - Climate Change
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What laboratory research activities address climate change issues?
The findings of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report reiterated the fact that the international community must work together to ensure a sustainable future. This involves not only climate change mitigation through cutting GHG emissions but also adaptation to climatic changes internationally. The US National Labs have developed a number of tools, models and programs to address climate change concerns, explore future scenarios, analyze clean energy co-benefits and encourage international cooperation which are listed below.
- Berkeley India Joint Leadership on Energy and Environment
- The Berkeley India Joint Leadership on Energy and Environment (BIJLEE) is a Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory joint research and development program in which researchers work with the government and private sector of India to assist in the adoption of pathways and approaches for reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases while pursuing sustainable economic development.
- Climate Activities at NREL
- The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is involved in a number of international climate and clean energy initiatives that achieve large greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions through accelerated renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) use.
- Climate Change and International Studies at LBNL
- The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (LBNL) Climate Change and International Studies website provides a list of climate change, country study, energy efficiency standards, and industrial energy analysis projects of the laboratory.
- Developing Countries Studies at LBNL
- The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (LBNL) International Energy Studies Group is involved in a number of activities relating to energy use in developing countries and climate change.
- Global Change and Developing Country Programs
- The Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Global Change and Developing Country Programs have involved more than forty countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East. These projects have included every major kind of energy technology and policy, along with a wide range of environmental technologies and policies.
- Global Energy Technology Strategy Program
- The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Global Energy Technology Strategy Program (GTSP) has been assessing the important roles that technology can play in effectively managing the long-term risks of climate change. This involves an integrated approach to fully exploring all aspects of climate change - including scientific, economic, regulatory, and social impacts - and then aligning new or existing technologies to mitigate negative consequences.
- International Energy Studies at LBNL
- The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's International Energy Studies (IES) Group has been active for more than 25 years and is composed of scientists active on the world forum in the areas of energy, forestry, and climate research.
- Joint Global Change Research Institute at PNNL
- The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Joint Global Change Research Institute (JGCRI) houses an interdisciplinary team dedicated to understanding the problems of global climate change and their potential solutions.
- Energy and Power Evaluation Program (ENPEP-BALANCE)
- ENPEP-BALANCE is a software tool developed at Argonne National Laboratory that allows users to evaluate the entire energy system (supply and demand sides) and the environmental implications of different energy strategies.
- Generalized Comprehensive Mitigation Assessment Process (GCOMAP)
- The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's GCOMAP project reported on the global potential for carbon sequestration in forest plantations, and the reduction of carbon emissions from deforestation, in response to six carbon price scenarios from 2000 to 2100.
- Generation and Transmission Maximization (GTMax) Model
- GTMax, developed at Argonne National Laboratory, helps researchers study complex marketing and system operational issues to maximize the value of the electric system.
- MARKet ALlocation (MARKAL)
- MARKAL is a computer-driven, dynamic optimization model that uses upwards of 10,000 equations and constraints to foster strategic energy planning developed at Brookhaven National Laboratory.