Felsic Fire-Fountaining Beneath Archean Seas- Pyroclastic Deposits Of The 2730 Ma Hunter Mine Group, Quebec, Canada
Journal Article: Felsic Fire-Fountaining Beneath Archean Seas- Pyroclastic Deposits Of The 2730 Ma Hunter Mine Group, Quebec, Canada
AbstractThe lapilli tuff breccias (LTB-1 and LTB-2) of the Archean Hunter Mine Group in the south-central part of the Abitibi greenstone belt are inferred to be the product of subaqueous lava fountaining. Intercalated sub-wave base iron-formations, interstratified turbiditic tuffs, the absence of wave-induced sedimentary structures, and the stratigraphic position of lapilli tuff breccias beneath basaltic komatiites, support this contention. A complete eruptive sequence shows a tripartite division into (a) massive breccia, (b) stratified lapilli tuff, and (c) turbiditic tuff-lapilli tuff division. The massive breccia division is characterized by clusters of isolated and compressed irregular-shaped clasts inferred to be deposited directly from the hot magmatic lava fountain. Abundant vesicular pyroclasts with a vesicle content of up to 60% exhibit locally coalescing vesicles indicating bubble nucleation prior to eruption. The prevalence of irregular to amoeboid clast shapes suggests transport from the vent in a steamy-rich, high-density current to the site under a self-generated steam cupola. Ubiquitous subequant lapilli-size pyroclasts of the stratified lapilli tuff division suggest that significant ingress of water into the fountain changed the prevalent fragmentation process from magmatic to hydrovolcanic. The turbiditic tuff-lapilli tuff division composed of pumice, lithic fragments and vitric ash is envisaged to have formed by gravitational collapse of a subaqueous turbulent eruptive plume. This type of eruptive mechanism constituted a minor but important process of volcanic construction on the ocean floor during the Archean, and possibly during incipient arc and backarc formation in modern day settings.
- Wulf Mueller and James D. L. White
- Published Journal
- Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1992
- Not Provided
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Wulf Mueller,James D. L. White. 1992. Felsic Fire-Fountaining Beneath Archean Seas- Pyroclastic Deposits Of The 2730 Ma Hunter Mine Group, Quebec, Canada. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .