Facies Architecture Of A Triassic Rift-Related Silicic Volcano-Sedimentary Succession In The Tethyan Realm, Peonias Subzone, Vardar (Axios) Zone, Northern Greece, Regional Implications
Journal Article: Facies Architecture Of A Triassic Rift-Related Silicic Volcano-Sedimentary Succession In The Tethyan Realm, Peonias Subzone, Vardar (Axios) Zone, Northern Greece, Regional Implications
AbstractIn northern Greece, along the western edge of the Paleozoic Vertiscos terrane (Serbomacedonian massif) and within the Peonias subzone - the eastern part of the Vardar (Axios) Zone - a Silicic Volcano-Sedimentary (SVS) succession of Permo(?)-Skythian to Mid Triassic age records the development of a faulted continental margin and the formation of rhyolitic volcanoes along a continental shelf fringed by neritic carbonate accumulations. It represents the early rifting extensional stages that eventually led to the opening of the main oceanic basin in the western part of the Vardar (Axios) Zone (the Almopias Oceanic Basin). Even though the SVS succession is deformed, altered, extensively silicified and metamorphosed in the low greenschist facies, primary textures, original contacts and facies relationships are recognized in some places allowing clues for the facies architecture and the depositional environment. Volcanic and sedimentary facies analysis has been carried out at Nea Santa and Kolchida rhyolitic volcanic centres. Pyroclastic facies, mostly composed of gas-supported lapilli tuffs and locally intercalated accretionary lapilli tuffs, built the early cones which were then overridden by rhyolitic aphyric and minor K-feldspar-phyric lava flows. The characteristics of facies, especially the presence of accretionary lapilli, imply subaerial to coastal emplacement at this early stage. The mature and final stages of volcanism are mostly represented by quartz-feldspar porphyry intrusions that probably occupied the vents. At Nea Santa area, the presence of resedimented hyaloclastite facies indicates subaqueous emplacement of rhyolitic lavas and/or lobes. Moreover, quartz-feldspar-phyric sills and a partly extrusive dome featuring peperites at their margins are inferred to have intruded unconsolidated, wet carbonate sediments of the overlying Triassic Neritic Carbonate Formation, in a shallow submarine environment. The dome had probably reached above wave-base as is indicated by the presence of reworked rhyolitic clasts in the younger mixed rhyolite-carbonate epiclastic sedimentary facies. This facies is interpreted as mass- and debris-flow of mixed provenance, deposited below wave-base. The facies architecture of the SVS succession records a change in volcanic activity from explosive to effusive and then to intrusive. The depositional environment changed from subaerial-coastal to shallow submarine as the silicic volcanism evolved and carbonate sedimentation was progressively taking over, probably compensating for the gradual subsidence of the corresponding basin. Silicic magmatism and carbonate sedimentation were contemporaneous and spatially related. The timing of the rifting, the continental crustal elements involved and the accompanying tectonic, magmatic and sedimentary processes are features of the spatially and temporally evolving western peri-Tethyan region.
- Argyro Asvesta and Sarantis Dimitriadis
- Published Journal
- Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2010
- Not Provided
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Argyro Asvesta,Sarantis Dimitriadis. 2010. Facies Architecture Of A Triassic Rift-Related Silicic Volcano-Sedimentary Succession In The Tethyan Realm, Peonias Subzone, Vardar (Axios) Zone, Northern Greece, Regional Implications. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .