Energy-Efficient Commercial Buildings Tax Deduction (Federal)

From Open Energy Information


Last modified on February 12, 2015.

Financial Incentive Program

Place United States

Name Energy-Efficient Commercial Buildings Tax Deduction
Incentive Type Corporate Deduction
Applicable Sector Commercial, Construction, Fed. Government, State Government, (Deductions associated with government buildings are transferred to the designer)
Eligible Technologies Boilers, Building Insulation, Caulking/Weather-stripping, Central Air conditioners, Chillers, Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building, Doors, Duct/Air sealing, Equipment Insulation, Furnaces, Heat pumps, Lighting, Lighting Controls/Sensors, Roofs, Siding, Water Heaters, Windows, Tankless Water Heaters, Heat Pump Water Heaters
Active Incentive Yes
Implementing Sector Federal
Energy Category Energy Efficiency Incentive Programs
Amount 0.30-1.80 per square foot, depending on technology and amount of energy reduction

Equipment Requirements Not specified, but building must be certified as meeting specific energy reduction targets as a result of improvements in interior lighting; building envelope; or heating, cooling, ventilation, or hot water systems.
Start Date 2006-01-01

Maximum Incentive 1.80 per square foot

Program Administrator U.S. Internal Revenue Service

References DSIRE[1]


The federal Energy Policy Act of 2005 established a tax deduction for energy-efficient commercial buildings applicable to qualifying systems and buildings placed in service from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2007. This deduction was subsequently extended through 2008, and then again through 2013 by Section 303 of the federal Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008 (H.R. 1424, Division B), enacted in October 2008.

A tax deduction of $1.80 per square foot is available to owners of new or existing buildings who install (1) interior lighting; (2) building envelope, or (3) heating, cooling, ventilation, or hot water systems that reduce the building’s total energy and power cost by 50% or more in comparison to a building meeting minimum requirements set by ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2001. Energy savings must be calculated using qualified computer software approved by the IRS. Click here for the list of approved software.

Deductions of $0.60 per square foot are available to owners of buildings in which individual lighting, building envelope, or heating and cooling systems meet target levels that would reasonably contribute to an overall building savings of 50% if additional systems were installed.

The deductions are available primarily to building owners, although tenants may be eligible if they make construction expenditures. In the case of energy efficient systems installed on or in government property, tax deductions will be awarded to the person primarily responsible for the system's design. Deductions are taken in the year when construction is completed.

The IRS released interim guidance (IRS Notice 2006-52) in June 2006 to establish a process to allow taxpayers to obtain a certification that the property satisfies the energy efficiency requirements contained in the statute. IRS Notice 2008-40 was issued in March of 2008 to further clarify the rules. NREL published a report (NREL/TP-550-40228) in February 2007 which provides guidelines for the modeling and inspection of energy savings required by the statute.

Click here for answers to frequently asked questions provided by the Commercial Building Tax Deduction Coalition. For more information on this deduction, visit the Energy Star web site.

Incentive Contact

Contact Name Public Information - IRS
Department U.S. Internal Revenue Service
Address 1111 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
Place Washington, District of Columbia
Zip/Postal Code 20224
Phone (800) 829-1040


Authorities (Please contact the if there are any file problems.)

Authority 1: 26 USC § 179D
Date Effective 2006-01-01
Date Enacted 8/8/2005 (subsequently amended)
Expiration Date 2013-12-31

  • Incentive and policy data are reviewed and approved by the N.C. Solar Center's DSIRE project staff.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1  "Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE)"