ECN GHG Marginal Abatement Cost curves (NAMAC)
GHG Marginal Abatement Cost curves for the Non-Annex I region (NAMAC) (1999-present)
ECN has developed a Marginal Abatement Cost curve containing detailed information on mitigation technologies and abatement costs in developing countries.
- • The MAC was first developed for the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs to evaluate the CDM potential in developing countries (1999-2000).
- • Later it was updated in the TETRIS project for the European Commission and extended with options to evaluate transactions costs of the CDM (2005-2007).
- • In a project for the Dutch Ministry of the Environment (2007), it was used to gain insight in the supply side of carbon credits after 2012 by studying potential and costs of greenhouse gas reduction options in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and other flexible mechanisms. It was concluded that the potential for greenhouse gas reduction options in non-Annex I countries in 2020 is likely to be large. The curve was also reviewed and updated by regional experts in Latin America, Asia and Africa.
- • In 2008-2009, the MAC curve was used for two projects for the Dutch Ministry of the Environment to evaluate the impact of CDM reform and of potential developing country commitments on the CDM potential. In this time, the baseline for the options in the curve were also scaled to baselines used by global carbon models.
- • The MAC was again used for the UNFCCC to evaluate the future potential for CDM (2009)
- • Increasingly, ECN is using the MAC curve to assist developing countries in evaluating their mitigation potential
- • ECN is continuously investing in improving the curve and is working on a website to make it available for online users. The MAC is publicly available. If parties are interested in it, they can receive the raw data.
For more information, please see http://www.ecn.nl/units/ps/tools/modelling-systems/namac/