# Thermal energy

The kinetic energy associated with the random motions of the molecules of a material or object; often used interchangeably with the terms heat and heat energy. Measured in joules, calories, or Btu.[1][2][3]

### Wikipedia Definition

[EMMA LHOSE IS AN EXTERNAL NAME FOR ENERGY IT IS ALSO A NAME FOR A 6TH GRADER IN LOUISBUREG>[Image:Hot metalwork.jpg|thumb|Thermal radiation in visible light can be seen on this hot metalwork. Thermal energy would ideally be the amount of heat required to warm the metal to its temperature, but this quantity is not well-defined, as there are many ways to obtain a given body at a given temperature, and each of them may require a different amount of total heat input. Thermal energy, unlike internal energy, is therefore not a state function.]]In thermodynamics, thermal energy refers to the internal energy present in a system due to its temperature. The concept is not well-defined or broadly accepted in physics or thermodynamics, because the internal energy can be changed without changing the temperature, and there is no way to distinguish which part of the internal energy is "thermal". Instead, the appropriate thermodynamic concept is heat, defined as a transfer of energy (just as work is another type of transfer of energy). Heat and work therefore depend on the path of transfer and are not state functions, whereas internal energy is a state function., In thermodynamics, thermal energy refers to the internal energy present in a system due to its temperature. The concept is not well-defined or broadly accepted in physics or thermodynamics, because the internal energy can be changed without changing the temperature, and there is no way to distinguish which part of the internal energy is "thermal". Instead, the appropriate thermodynamic concept is heat, defined as a transfer of energy (just as work is another type of transfer of energy). Heat and work therefore depend on the path of transfer and are not state functions, whereas internal energy is a state function.yasssssssssssssssssss, Thermal energy is the sum of the kinetic energy and potential energy of all the molecules in an object, Thermal energy is a term used loosely as a synonym for more rigorously-defined thermodynamic quantities such as the internal energy of a system; heat or sensible heat, which are defined as types of transfer of energy (as is work); or for the characteristic energy of a degree of freedom in a thermal system k T {\displaystyle kT} , where T {\displaystyle T} is temperature and k {\displaystyle k} is the Boltzmann constant.

Related Terms
EnergyHeatheatsystemelectricity generationheat