Definition: Biorefinery

From Open Energy Information

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Biorefinery

A facility that processes and converts biomass into value-added products, ranging from biomaterials to biofuels such as ethanol or important feedstocks for the production of chemicals.[1]

Wikipedia Definition

A biorefinery is a refinery that converts biomass to energy and other beneficial byproducts (such as chemicals). The International Energy Agency Bioenergy Task 42 defined biorefining as "the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of bio-based products (food, feed, chemicals, materials) and bioenergy (biofuels, power and/or heat)". As refineries, biorefineries can provide multiple chemicals by fractioning an initial raw material (biomass) into multiple intermediates (carbohydrates, proteins, triglycerides) that can be further converted into value-added products. Each refining phase is also referred to as a "cascading phase". The use of biomass as feedstock can provide a benefit by reducing the impacts on the environment, as lower pollutants emissions and reduction in the emissions of hazard products. In addition, biorefineries are intended to achieve the following goals: 1.
  • Supply the current fuels and chemical building blocks 2.
  • Supply new building blocks for the production of novel materials with disruptive characteristics 3.
  • Creation of new jobs, including rural areas 4.
  • Valorization of waste (agricultural, urban, and industrial waste) 5.
  • Achieve the ultimate goal of reducing GHG emissions, A biorefinery is a refinery that converts biomass to energy and other beneficial byproducts (such as chemicals). The International Energy Agency Bioenergy Task 42 defined biorefining as "the sustainable processing of biomass into a spectrum of bio-based products (food, feed, chemicals, materials) and bioenergy (biofuels, power and/or heat)". As refineries, biorefineries can provide multiple chemicals by fractioning an initial raw material (biomass) into multiple intermediates (carbohydrates, proteins, triglycerides) that can be further converted into value-added products. Each refining phase is also referred to as a "cascading phase". The use of biomass as feedstock can provide a benefit by reducing the impacts on the environment, as lower pollutants emissions and reduction in the emissions of hazard products. In addition, biorefineries are intended to achieve the following goals: 1.
  • Supply the current fuels and chemical building blocks 2.
  • Supply new building blocks for the production of novel materials with disruptive characteristics 3.
  • Creation of new jobs, including rural areas 4.
  • Valorization of waste (agricultural, urban, and industrial waste) 5.
  • Achieve the ultimate goal of reducing GHG emissions



Related Terms
Biofuelsheatbiomassbioenergypowerbiodieselelectricity generation
References
  1. http://cta.ornl.gov/bedb/glossary.shtml