Classification And Assessment Of Geothermal Resources In Azerbaijan-Iran

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Summary Geothermal energy is one of the alternative energy sources that can be used in various ways, including for electric power generation and local heating systems. Active faulting, recent volcanics and high surface elevation along the Alpine-Himalayan mountain belt characterize the Azerbaijan plateau. In Azerbaijan most hydro-thermal convention systems are developed in areas related to Plio-Quaternary volcanism and these systems are associated with surface activities such as hot springs, fumaroles, hydrothermal alteration and anomalously high surface temperatures. The volcanic activity of the East-Northeast zone had begun in Eocene time and continued into Plio-Quaternary with at least phases of folding Miocene, Pliocene and Pleistocene times. Geothermal systems in Azerbaijan can therefore be found in regions with a normal or slightly above normal geothermal gradient and especially in regions around the volcanism fields where the geothermal gradients may be significantly higher than the average value. The thermal infrared imagery used for detecting topographic features related to geothermal activities and thermal anomalies. The difference in temperature between hotter zones and shallow colder zones generate a conductive flow of heat from the former towards the later zones with a tendency to create uniform conditions that often happens with natural phenomena but this situations will never actually be attained.

E. Ghanbari and A. A. M. Sayigh

World Renewable Energy Congress VI, 2000



E. Ghanbari,A. A. M. Sayigh. 2000. Classification And Assessment Of Geothermal Resources In Azerbaijan-Iran. (!) : World Renewable Energy Congress VI. (!) p.