Cambodia-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP)
The National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) is a United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)-United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) programme, financed by the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF). The NAP-GSP is assisting Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to advance National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). NAPs will bring greater focus and coordination to country-led efforts in disaster management and disaster risk reduction, and climate change adaptation. The NAP will add to the strategic suite of other sectoral plans and policies for countries that help to guide internal development resourcing mechanisms as well as those provided by donors. The programme was launched on 14 June 2013. As of November 2013, partner agencies to the NAP-GSP include UNDP, UNEP, World Health Organization (WHO), UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agriculture and Development (IFAD), United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), Global Environment Facility (GEF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Global Water Partnership (GWP), German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) , Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA), and United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
NAP-GSP support is based on three main pillars:
1) Institutional support
2) Technical support
3) Knowledge brokering
UNDP-UNEP efforts will support LDCs in integrating medium- to long-term planning for adaptation to climate change. These NAPs will be integrated within or aligned with the current development planning and budgeting processes within each country. This will ensure that a successful NAP is not a stand-alone document, but will be integrated into existing development and poverty reduction plans. The NAP process is country-driven, continuous, participatory, progressive and iterative. The process will enable LDCs to identify, finance and implement appropriate adaptation measures, and to balance sectoral and cross-sectoral priorities, at national, sub-national and local levels. Importantly, the medium- to long-term adaptation planning underpinning the NAPs should be multi-stakeholder oriented, and based on and guided by the best available science, rigorous collection and analysis of appropriate data, and consideration of experiences and good practices within, and outside, countries.
NAP-GSP status in Cambodia:
- NAP-GSP will provide specific support to Cambodia through a technical assistance mission to be conducted in early 2014.
- A NAP-GSP mission to Phnom Penh was held in Nov 2013, for stock taking on Cambodia's needs for NAP.
- A meeting at COP19 was held on 15 Nov 2013 for initial discussions on potential ways forward on support from NAP-GSP, UNDP, UNEP and GIZ, including:
- Identifying progress to date and locating the key entry points for NAP-GSP.
- Conducting inter-ministeral consultations facilitated by all parties (7-10 days of technical assistance).
- Cambodia is seeking to work on more concrete climate change action plans based on their existing methodologies, and to integrate climate change action plan into Cambodia’s current development plans. The Government of Cambodia has expressed that they expect to see added value to the adaptation planning process, through NAP-GSP support.
- Cambodia currently does not have consolidated and specific requirements developed for their NAP. Therefore, addressing requirements for Cambodia is the first step of the joint action. NAP-GSP - UNDP, UNEP and GIZ - will together draft a Terms of Reference for NAP support, and scope out requirements in Cambodia. This TOR will be developed in close collaboration with the Government of Cambodia.