BulkTransmission/Special Status Species
Transmission Special Status Species
Special Status Species
Present, Potentially Affected
- BLM-NV-WN-ES-08-01-1310, NV-020-08-01 (Blue Mountain Geothermal Well Field and Power Plant EA)
- DOE-EA-1116 (Kalina Geothermal Demonstration Project EA for Geothermal/Power Plant, Geothermal/Well Field, Geothermal/Transmission)
- DOE-EA-1733 (Calpine Enhanced Geothermal Systems Project EA at Geysers Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Well Field)
- DOI-BLM-CA-EA-2002-??? (Glass Mountain Exploration Environmental Assessment/Initial Study for Geothermal/Well Field)
- DOI-BLM-CA-ES-2007-017-3200 (Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Truckhaven Geothermal Leasing Area)
- DOI-BLM-NV-063-EA08-091 (Jersey Valley and Buffalo Valley Geothermal Development Projects EA for Geothermal/Power Plant)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2010-0006-EA (Gabbs Valley and Dead Horse Wells Geothermal Exploration Projects EA for Geothermal/Exploration)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2010-0010-EA (EA at Coyote Canyon and Dixie Meadows for Geothermal/Exploration Drilling and Well Testing)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2010-0016-EA (EA for Airborne Electromagnetic Survey at Patua Geothermal Project for Geothermal/Well Field, Geothermal/Power Plant)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2011-0001-EA (Coyote Canyon Utilization Project EA for TGP for Geothermal/Power Plant)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2011-0516-EA (EA for Thermal Gradient Holes at Dixie Meadows Geothermal Exploration Project for Geothermal/Exploration, Geothermal/Well Field)
- DOI-BLM-NV-C010-2012-0029-EA (Tungsten Mountain Geothermal Exploration Project EA for Geothermal/Well Field Drilling and Well Testing)
- DOI-BLM-NV-W010-2010-0004-EA (New York Canyon Geothermal Exploration Project EA for Exploration Drilling and Well Testing)
- DOI-BLM-NV-W010-2011-0001-EA (EA of the Leach Hot Springs Geothermal Exploration Project at Grass Valley Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration, Geothermal/Well Field Drilling and Well Testing)
- DOI-BLM-OR-P040-0021-EA (EA for Exploratory Wells at Midnight Point and Mahogany Geothermal Exploration Projects, Glass Buttes, Oregon for Geothermal/Exploration)
- LLNV-WO1000-2009-0002-EA (EA for Observation Wells at Jersey Valley II Geothermal Exploration Project)
- NV-020-07-EA-01 (EA for Observation Wells at Jersey Valley Geothermal Exploration Project for Geothermal/Well Field, Geothermal/Exploration)
- NV-063-EA06-098 (Reese River Valley Geothermal Exploration Project Environmental Assessment)
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) (16 U.S.C §1531 et. seq.) aims to protect and restore plant and animal species that are at risk. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Special Status Species lists species as rare, threatened, or a species of concern. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFS) is responsible for habitat conservation and restoration and species protection.. The USFS issues an endangered species bulletin identifying critical habitat and endangered and threatened species. The BLM also issues a biological report regarding mitigation measures that a developer should consider if sensitive habitat or special status species located on or near the project site. Visit the BLM’s state websites to find a list of sensitive, threatened and endangered species.
Special Status Species Impacts & Mitigation
The unique care that special status species can require places restrictions on transmission line development projects. Authorized biologists typically collect plant or animal species habitat data in pre-construction surveys. The results determine the activities allowed nearby. Transmission line projects can impact nesting, wildlife, vegetation, topsoil, and plant species. When special status species cannot be accommodated, reclamation, habitat acquisition, and Worker Environmental Awareness Programs (WEAP) are common best practices. Typical mitigation includes the following:
- This program equips project employees with skills to identify special status plant and animal species.
- Pre-construction surveys draw up site maps to depict where each species is located.
- This program provides general mitigation measures for each species,, along with agencies to contact if a problem arises during construction.
- Prior to construction, conduct surveys to locate any nesting birds between April 1st and August 31st. If any construction occurs during this time period, check with the state biologists to determine how close and how loud activities can occur near a nest.
- If any active nests are found during construction phases, delay project development until biologists have determined the young have fledged or failed.
- If animal denning or breeding grounds occur within .25 miles of substations, access roads, or tower pads, stop all activity.
- To discourage insect and wildlife contamination, fence substations and cover open soil pits.
- If any tree, shrub or plant special status species is found in the pre-construction survey, avoid surrounding habitats.
- Biologists mark off appropriate areas to develop.
- Use existing access roads where possible to decrease the impacted area. If new roads are necessary, build across slopes to mitigate erosion.
- All topsoil will be stockpiled either onsite or at an adjacent site to be used during reclamation.
- Long-term wildlife impacts will occur, especially as restoration begins. Lasting impacts are minimal; however, proper fencing discourages wildlife onsite.
- Mark and avoid all special status species.
- Maintain root systems, crowns and flowering characteristics during construction and operation.
- Collect seeds after the plant matures to ensure population stability.
- Concentrating stockpiled soils, personal vehicle and construction equipment decreases the impacted area.
- When available, equip dirt access roads with gates to restrict public access. This decreases road and species impacts caused by vehicular traffic.
- If a species is projected to experience residual impacts from the transmission line project, a compensation type is agreed upon.
- Acquiring habitats is the most common form of compensation; however, on other public lands, these funds may be used to conserve the same species’ habitat.
- Acquiring private lands gives federal protection to the species and allows conservation agencies to manage populations and habitats.
- Funds can be transferred from the transmission line developer to the conservation-managing agency to purchase the species habitat, or the company can purchase the habitat and then transfer the title to the conservation-managing agency.