Building Retrofit and DSM Study in Jiangsu

From Open Energy Information


Begun April 2010, this 9 month research study[2] will investigate suitability of combining building energy retrofits and DSM in large public buildings in Jiangsu, China. The objective is to examine and recommend policies, financial strategies and technologies to achieve greater energy efficiency.

Three organizations will work together: Jiangsu Research Institute of Building Science Co, Ltd (JSRIBS) will conduct the building study. State Grid Corporation DSM Instruction Center, part of State Grid Corporation will examine DSM policies. Natural Resources Defense Council, NRDC will coordinate Chinese and foreign experts and pay for the project.

Demand-Side Management (DSM) refers to utility policies or incentives for customers (residential, commercial industrial, etc.) to manage their own demand for electricity more effectively, such as using energy audits or purchasing more energy efficient equipment. It also includes automatically shifting certain customer operations to non-peak load times.

Making buildings (residential, commercial, industrial, etc.) more efficient is one of the key ways to reduce electricity and CO2e ("low-hanging fruit") [3][4]

However, there is a lack of actual data on policies and results:
“There is an almost universal lack of understanding of building energy usage,” said Luke Falk, a project manager at the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority"
, where a study is underway and one of the goals is to find a reliable predictive model of cost savings to convince owners to invest .[5]

In China, many buildings are not energy-efficient or poorly insulated against heat or cold. One UC Davis academic study (?) of retrofits in 10 Beijing state-owned buildings asserts, however,: "The retrofit data indicates that it might be inadequate to solve the energy efficiency problem in governmental buildings merely rely on engineering retrofit or replace for inefficient equipments." [6]



April 15, 2010 - December 30, 2010; August 2010 interim report


An "Agreement of Cooperation" for "Research of DSM Application in Building Retrofits for Energy-Efficiency in Jiangsu Province, China.


Energy efficiency and building energy efficiency, in particular, are considered two of the easiest ways to reduce energy and CO2e emissions. This study will provide Chinese decision-makers with DSM/building retrofit strategies, technologies and financing options, plus suggestions for pilot projects.

Prior Projects

  • NRDC has worked with Jiangsu on "Strategic DSM Plan for Jiangsu Province" (find?)
  • In 2006, Jiangsu began an industrial Efficient Power Plan (EPP) for energy-efficiency (data?)
  • EPP (?) allocates $35 million in government incentives (verify)
  • Results: reduced electricity consumption by 2 billion KWh annually; 1.84 MM tons CO2e {verify}


If this agreement is successful, NRDC will scale it to other Chinese provinces.



[4] [5]


  1.  "Jiangsu Building Retrofit & DSM Study"
  2. 2.0 2.1  "Research of DSM Application in Building Retrofits for Energy-Efficiency in Jiangsu Province, China - Text of Agreement"
  3.  "McKinsey Energy Efficiency Study (2009)"
  4. 4.0 4.1  ""China's Green Revolution: Prioritizing Technologies to Promote Energy and Environmental Stability""
  5. 5.0 5.1  ""Showing the Benefits of 'Green' Retofits, New York Times (June 1, 2010)""
  6. 6.0 6.1  "Analyzing Principal-Agent Problem on Energy Use and Energy Efficiency Retrofit from selected Governmental Buildings in Beijing, UC Davis, Zhi Jun, 3/2010"