Assess institutional frameworks for LEDS for land-use sector
- 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities
- 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country
- 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives
- 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development
- Greenhouse Gas Inventory Development Toolkit
- 3a. Analytical Decision Making - Developing BAU Scenario
- 3b. Analytical Decision Making - Assessing Opportunities
- 3b.1. Assess technical potential for sector technologies
- Renewable Energy Technical Potential Toolkit
- Building Energy Assessment Toolkit
- Power System Screening and Design Toolkit
- Land Use Assessment Toolkit
- Bioenergy Assessment Toolkit
- Transportation Assessment Toolkit
- 3b.2. Assess economic and market potential of technologies and initiatives
- Clean Energy Market Analysis Toolkit
- 3b.3. Prioritize development options
- 3c. Analytical Decision Making - Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios
- 3c.1. Develop low emissions growth scenarios
- 3c.2. Assess institutional framework for LEDS
- Financing Initiatives Toolkit
- Policy and Program Design Toolkit
- 3c.3. Assess in-depth contributions of selected scenarios to goals across sectors
- Land-use Scenario Analysis Toolkit
- Energy System and Scenario Analysis Toolkit
- 3c.4. Perform multi-criteria impact analysis and assess stakeholder responses
- Clean Energy Impact Assessment Tool
- Sustainable Land-use Impact Assessment Toolkit
3c.2 Assess institutional framework for LEDS
3c.2.1 Review barriers to achieving deployment scenarios
- Identification of barriers
This first step in evaluating and selecting policies should be to assess potential barriers to achieving deployment pathways. This is important so that policy options can be chosen to address these barriers. Click here to download a summary and table of renewable energy policies and barriers.
- The planner can use the capacity and market assessments from stage 3 to identify barriers including:
- Technical capacity
- Consumer acceptance
- Private sector interest
- Legal treatment of ownership
- Laws regulating the effects of an energy installation on the local environment
- Local traditions of contract law
Inability to secure financing for LEDS projects is one of the primary barriers faced by developing countries. It is important for developing countries to have access to information about the costs and financing options for clean energy projects in their country. The programs listed in the toolkit below provide resources for learning more about clean energy financing options, project costs and private sector presence in your country.
3c.2.2 Identify comprehensive portfolio of possible actions for addressing barriers
- Identification of policy options, deployment and financing programs, and other actions to address barriers
There are a number of policy options to address barriers to low emission development. In this step stakeholders and technical teams will first review and then identify policy options to address barriers.
- Once barriers are identified stakeholders and technical teams can review policy options to address the identified barriers.
- Next stakeholders can assess how these policies have been applied in countries similar to their own. The databases below provide country-specific information on clean energy and land use policies that have been applied internationally.
The Policy and Program Design Toolkit may be used to research the development and implementation of clean energy and land use policies in use around the globe
Click for a listing of clean energy policy databases
Click for a listing of land use policy databases
3c.2.3 Example sector assessment - land use
In some countries, the institutional frameworks exist to support nation-wide Landscape LEDS. However, many countries have not integrated climate goals into their land use planning, and a Landscape LEDS will require an institutional structure that integrates the priorities of the different ministries and agencies that make land use decisions. Gap analyses can identify the human and institutional capacities needed to implement the LEDS plan and attain integrated climate goals.
The institutional framework will enable the policy priorities identified in earlier stages of this module. Stakeholders in this stage consider the feasibility, cost, and impact of institutional structures that support the endorsed pathways. Institutional structures could be evaluated for their credible and transparent economic, legal, and governance arrangements, and should be able to accommodate changes to the pathway and portfolio of activities.
High-level endorsements of the institutional framework and policy reforms are critical to this process to ensure sufficient political will and capacity for implementation.
3c.2.4 Review international best policy practice and lessons learned
Stakeholders should also review case studies, lessons learned and best practices on application of policies and deployment programs in countries similar to their own. Some resources to find these best practice and lessons learned documents are listed below.
Further best practice documents that planners can review in relation to policy design are listed below.
|Carbon Capture, Use and Storage|
|High-Efficiency, Low-Emissions (HELE) Coal Technologies|
3c.2.5 Select actions for analysis and tailor to country contexts
- Multi-criteria impact analysis for each proposed policy, demonstrating, e.g., economic, social, and environmental development benefits, mitigation potential, market readiness, resiliency to climate change
Although there are policy best practices it is important that they are tailored to individual country circumstances. The following steps can assist in selection of policies that support deployment goals to be analyzed in the next step and inform how to tailor these policies to differing country contexts.
- Define policy goals for the country
- Clarify technical and market scope of policy or program
- Identify how it builds on and complements existing policies or programs
The following report provides an example from the Center for Climate Strategies on the US stakeholder-led process for selecting policy options: Impacts of Comprehensive Climate Legislation on the U.S. Economy.