EZ Policies for Alabama
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|Policy||Place||Policy Type||Active||Implementing Sector||Summary|
|Air Pollution Control Program (Alabama)||Alabama||Siting and Permitting||Yes||State/Province||This rule states standards for emission inventory reporting requirements, ambient air quality standards, sampling and testing methods and guidelines for maintenance of equipment. It also states guidelines for air pollution emergencies, rules for open burning and incineration of commercial and industrial waste. A separate chapter lists limits for the control of particulate emissions and fuel burning equipment. Standards for sulfur compound emissions, volatile organic compound emissions, carbon monoxide emissions, nitrogen oxide emissions are also stated.
Information is provided on permits- in general, any person building, erecting, altering, or replacing any article, machine, equipment, or other contrivance, the use of which may cause the issuance of or an increase in the issuance of air contaminants or the use of which may eliminate or reduce or control the issuance of air contaminants, shall submit an application for an Air Permit at least 10 days prior to construction. The rule also states gas emission standards for municipal solid waste landfills.The Air Division has primary jurisdiction over all air emission sources within the State, except those emission sources located within Jefferson County or the City of Huntsville. The Air Pollution Control Programs in these areas are administered by the Jefferson County Department of Health (www.jcdh.org) and the City of Huntsville Department of Natural Resources (www.hsvcity.com/NatRes/), respectively. Air emission sources in these areas should contact these agencies for information regarding applicable regulations and permitting requirements.
|Alabama Air Pollution Control Act (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||This Act gives the Environmental Management Commission the authority to establish emission control requirements, by rule or regulation, as may be necessary to prevent, abate or control air pollution. Such requirements may be for the state as a whole or may vary from area to area, as may be appropriate, to facilitate accomplishment of the purposes of this chapter and in order to take account of varying local conditions.
The Commission can prohibit the construction, installation, modification or use of any equipment, device or other article which it finds may cause or contribute to air pollution or which is intended primarily to prevent or control the emission of air pollutants unless a permit has been obtained from the Director. Any duly authorized officer, employee or representative of the department may enter and inspect any property, premises or place on, or at, which an air contaminant source is located or is being constructed, installed or established, at any reasonable time, for the purpose of ascertaining the state of compliance with this chapter and rules and regulations.The Commission may require the owner or operator of any air contaminant source to establish and maintain records, make reports, install, use and maintain monitoring equipment or methods, sample emissions in accordance with methods, at locations, intervals and procedures as the Commission requires, and provide other information as the commission reasonably may require.
|Alabama Land Recycling And Economic Redevelopment Act (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||This article establishes a program, to be implemented, maintained, and administered by the Alabama Department of Environmental Management, to encourage the voluntary cleanup and the reuse and redevelopment of environmentally contaminated properties. The article states criteria for applicant participation and property qualification in the voluntary cleanup program.|
|Alabama Property Tax Exemptions (Alabama)||Alabama||Property Tax Incentive||Yes||State/Province||Alabama Property Tax Exemptions are offered through the Alabama Department of Revenue. Relevant exemptions to energy generation facilities are abatements for air and water pollution control device and industrial purposes. There is no minimum amount of investment required to qualify a new project for abatement. An addition, however, to an existing project requires an investment of the lesser of 30% of the original cost of the existing facility or $2 million.|
|Alabama Underground Storage Tank And Wellhead Protection Act (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||The department, acting through the commission, is authorized to promulgate rules and regulations governing underground storage tanks and is authorized to seek the approval of the United States Environmental Protection Agency to operate the state underground storage tank program in lieu of the federal program. In addition to specific authorities provided by this chapter, the department is authorized, acting through the commission, to adopt any rules or regulations that are mandatory requirements for approval of the State Underground Storage Tank Regulatory Program by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. Adoption of rules and regulations governing underground storage tanks shall not occur prior to adoption by the United States Environmental Protection Agency of regulations establishing the federal program. To provide revenue for regulation, the department shall, beginning October 1, 1988, collect a tank regulation fee of not less than $15.00 and not more than $30.00 per regulated tank per year. This fee shall be collected in lieu of a permit or certification fee|
|AlabamaSAVES Revolving Loan Program (Alabama)||Alabama||State Loan Program||Yes||State/Territory||The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) offers an energy efficiency and renewable energy revolving loan fund called AlabamaSAVES. The funds are available to businesses and industries located in Alabama for retrofitting existing facilities. A variety of technologies are eligible; see the program technical guide for full details.
The program operates as a revolving loan program where the fund is replenished by interest and principal repayments made on prior loans and as a loan subsidy program enabling low cost loans from private lenders through credit enhancements – interest rate buydowns and loan loss reserves. The fund was initially capitalized with American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funding. Please see the program web site for additional information and program materials.
|Biomass Energy Program (Alabama)||Alabama||State Grant Program||No||State/Territory||The Biomass Energy Program assists businesses in installing biomass energy systems. Program participants receive up to $75,000 in interest subsidy payments to help defray the interest expense on loans to install approved biomass projects. Technical assistance is also available through the program.
Industrial, commercial and institutional facilities; agricultural property owners; and city, county, and state government entities are eligible. Interested parties must obtain loans from commercial lending institutions and submit repayment data to the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) for interest payment assistance. ADECA pays the borrower directly, based on documentation of payment. The interest rates on loans should be no greater than 2% above the prime rate.With an initial emphasis on wood waste, the program also promotes landfill gas as a potential source of energy for industrial processes and other uses. Several landfill waste disposal facilities across Alabama have been identified as prime candidates for landfill gas recovery and utilization.
|Brownfield Development Tax Abatements (Alabama)||Alabama||Corporate Tax Incentive|
Property Tax Incentive
Sales Tax Incentive
|Yes||Local||The Brownfield Development Tax Abatements gives cities and counties the ability to abate, non-educational city and county sales and use taxes, non-educational state, city and county property taxes – up to 20 years, and mortgage and recording taxes. The brownfield development property must equal the lesser of 30 percent of the original cost of the property as remediated or $2,000,000 for companies expanding facilities. For new businesses, there is no such requirement. The property must be in the Alabama Department of Environmental Management's voluntary cleanup program to qualify for Brownfield abatements.|
|Climate Action Plan (Alabama)||Alabama||Climate Policies||No||State/Province||Currently, the State of Alabama does not have a climate plan in place or in progress. In December of 1997, Alabama completed a climate action plan jointly funded by the EPA to determine ways for the state to reduce greenhouse gases. The plan includes energy efficiency improvements, land management strategies, and cleaner transportation, but it does not include any methods of directly capturing emissions or pricing carbon.|
|Coastal Area Management Program (Alabama)||Alabama||Siting and Permitting||Yes||State/Province||This program regulates coastal activities, permits required, discharges to coastal waters and siting, construction and operation of energy facilities. ADEM's Coastal Program rules include the review and permitting for the following types of activities when they are to occur within the Coastal Area: beach and dune construction projects, developments and subdivision of properties greater than five (5) acres in size, dredging and filling of state water bottoms and wetlands, the drilling and operation of groundwater wells with a capacity of 50 gpm or greater, the siting of energy facilities, and other various activities which may have an impact on coastal resources. Implementation of the ACAMP is shared by the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources-Coastal Section and the ADEM Coastal Section. ALDCNR-Coastal Section is responsible for planning activities while the ADEM Coastal Section is responsible for permitting, monitoring and enforcement activities, as detailed in the ADEM Division 8 Coastal Programs Rules (ADEM Admin. Code R 335-8).|
|Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (United States)||United States||Grant Program|
|Yes||Federal||Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and expansions for existing businesses. State programs help achieve the national objective of CDBG by funding projects in which at least 51 percent of the new jobs created are made available to low and moderate income individuals. The maximum amounts awarded under the program are $1 million for new businesses locating to the state and $500,000 for existing businesses expanding in the state.|
|Enterprise Zone Program (Alabama)||Alabama||Enterprise Zone||Yes||Local||The Enterprise Zone Program provides certain tax incentives to corporations, partnerships and proprietorships that locate or expand within designated Enterprise Zones. In addition to state-level tax incentives, businesses may also receive local tax and non-tax incentives for locating or expanding within a designated Enterprise Zone. Section 5 of the Alabama Enterprise Zone Program offers the following tax incentives: Credit based on income tax liability from Enterprize Zone Project Operations; Credit for new capital investment; and a company may claim a credit of up to $1,000 per new permanent employee for training new permanent employees in new skill areas. Section 11 offers certain exemptions.|
|Environmental Management Commission (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||The Alabama Department of Environmental Management is charged with developing the state's environmental policy, hearing administrative appeals of permits, administrative orders and variances issued by the Department, adopting environmental regulations and selecting an ADEM director.|
|Fees For Disposal Of Hazardous Waste Or Substances (Alabama)||Alabama||Fees||Yes||State/Province||The article lists annual payments to be made to counties, restrictions on disposal of hazardous waste, additional fees collected by counties and penalties.|
|Forestry Policies (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||Alabama's Forests are managed by the Alabama Forestry Commission. The Commission has organized biomass market resources including a number of publications with regard to biomass energy opportunities and harvesting in the state:
The "Woody Biomass Energy Opportunities in Alabama" document, issued by the State Forestry Commission, includes discussion of resource availability and markets, as well as reference of grant and tax credit incentive opportunities:
"Woody Biomass 101" is a resource for forest owners which includes harvest recommendations for biomass resources:
The State Biomass Energy Program is a primary driver of biomass energy development in the state: (CURRENTLY INACTIVE)http://en.openei.org/wiki/Biomass_Energy_Program_(Alabama)
|Gas Pipeline Safety Rules (Alabama)||Alabama||Safety and Operational Guidelines||Yes||State/Province||All public utilities and persons subject to this rule shall file with the commission an operating and maintenance plan as well as an emergency plan. All construction work involving the addition and/or the replacement of gas or hazardous liquid pipelines or mains greater than 1000 feet in length shall be reported to the Alabama Public Service Commission before construction begins. All public utilities and persons shall file updates to all Safety Related Condition Reports each 30 days until such “Condition” has been resolved to meet the requirements of state guidelines for pipeline safety.|
|Hazardous Waste Program (Alabama)||Alabama||Siting and Permitting||Yes||State/Province||This rule states criteria for identifying the characteristics of hazardous waste and for listing hazardous waste, lists of hazardous wastes, standards for the management of hazardous waste and operation of waste facilities, and permits and land use regulations.|
|Hazardous Waste Management and Minimization Act (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations|
Safety and Operational Guidelines
|Yes||State/Province||This legislation gives regulatory authority to the Department of Environmental Management to monitor commercial sites for hazardous wastes; fees on waste received at such sites; hearings and investigations.
The legislation also states responsibilities of generators and transporters of hazardous waste as well as responsibilities of hazardous waste storage and treatment facility and hazardous waste disposal site operators. There is a restriction on the number of commercial hazardous waste treatment facilities or disposal sites per county and legislative approval of all sites is required.The Land Division administers several of the Alabama Department of Environmental Management's Waste Management and Remediation Programs. The Land Division has primary jurisdiction over disposal of solid and hazardous waste within the State and with the remediation of contaminated sites. Major programs within the Land Division include Hazardous Waste, Solid Waste, Remediation, Scrap Tire, and Brownfields/Voluntary Cleanup. Several other programs are also administered by Land Division.
|Income Tax Capital Credit (Alabama)||Alabama||Corporate Tax Incentive||Yes||State/Province||The purpose of this law is to create jobs and to stimulate business and economic growth in the state by providing an income tax capital credit for approved projects. The Income Tax Capital Credit is a credit of five percent (5%) of the capital costs of a qualifying project offered by the Alabama Department of Revenue. The credits is applied to the Alabama income tax liability or financial institution excise tax generated by the project income, each year for 20 years. This credit cannot be carried forward or back (you use it or lose it), and cannot be used to generate a refund to the taxpayer. The capital credit is used only after all other deductions, losses, or credits permitted under Titles 40 and 41 of the Code of Alabama 1975. The credit will follow the income generated by the project and, therefore, will be allowed to "pass-through" entities such as: S corporations, partnerships, limited liability companies, etc.|
|Interstate Mining Compact Commission (multi-state)||Alabama|
|Safety and Operational Guidelines|
Siting and Permitting
|Yes||State/Province||The Interstate Mining Compact is a multi-state governmental agency / organization that represents the natural resource and related environmental protection interests of its member states. Currently, 23 states are members to the compact, and 6 additional states are associate members. The compact is administered by the Interstate Mining Compact Commission, which does not possess regulatory powers but “provides a forum for interstate action and communication on issues of concern to the member states” and thus aids the development of effective regulatory programs and environmental protection initiatives. The Commission exercises several powers on behalf of the states, all of which are of a study, recommendatory or consultative nature. The Commission does not possess regulatory powers, as some Compacts do. The Commission provides a forum for interstate action and communication on issues of concern to the member states. It is the potential to stimulate the development and production of each state's mineral wealth through effective regulatory programs that draws many of the states together in the prosecution of the Commission's work. Given the environmental sensitivities associated with this objective, a significant portion of the Commission's work is dedicated to the environmental protection issues naturally associated with this mineral development. It is the significant value and clout that comes from "compacting" together and speaking with a strong, united voice that can make a difference in each state's efforts to implement effective regulatory programs that will conserve natural resources and secure a vibrant state (and thus national) mineral economy.|
|Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States)||Alabama|
|Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission assists member states efficiently maximize oil and natural gas resources through sound regulatory practices while protecting the nation's health, safety and the environment.
The Commission serves as the collective voice of member governors on oil and gas issues and advocates states' rights to govern petroleum resources within their borders.
The Commission formed the Geological CO2 Sequestration Task Force, which examines the technical, policy and regulatory issues related to safe and effective storage of CO2 in the subsurface (depleted oil and natural gas fields, saline formations and coal beds).
The Commission also funds research on hydraulic fracking, reusing water used in extracting oil and gas, and makes recommendations on national energy policies and statutes for individual states.The Commission also has several associate states: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Missouri, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. In addition, it has international affiliations with the Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, and the Yukon.
|Kyoto Protocol Response (Alabama)||Alabama||Climate Policies|
|Yes||State/Province||Effective immediately, the Director of the Alabama Department of Environmental Management shall refrain from proposing or promulgating any new regulations intended in whole or in part to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, as such gases are defined by the Kyoto Protocol, from the residential, commercial, industrial, electric utility, or transportation sectors unless such reductions are required under existing statutes. In the absence of a resolution or other act of the Legislature of the State of Alabama approving same, the Director of the Alabama Department of Environmental Management shall not submit to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or to any other agency of the federal government any legally enforceable commitments related to the reduction of greenhouse gases, as such gases are defined by the Kyoto Protocol unless such reductions are required under existing statutes. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to limit or to impede state or private participation in any on-going voluntary initiatives to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, including, but not limited to, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Green Lights program, the U.S. Department of Energy's Climate Challenge program, and similar state and federal initiatives relying on voluntary participation. This chapter shall remain in effect until repealed by an act of the Legislature of Alabama, or until ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by the United States Senate and enactment of federal legislation implementing the Kyoto Protocol.|
|Land Division: Uniform Environmental Covenants Program (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||These regulations apply to environmental covenants arising from environmental response projects conducted under any of the following Alabama Department of Environmental Management programs: Scrap tire remediation sites, Soil and groundwater remediation sites, Leaking storage tank remediation sites, Solid waste disposal sites, Hazardous waste disposal sites, Voluntary cleanup program sites and Dry cleaner remediation sites. These regulations apply to a property or site undergoing a response action that does not return the property to unrestricted use. An environmental covenant is required for a site if the approved environmental response project plan places a land use control on the site because it is not being remediated to unrestricted use. The Department, when considering the environmental response project plan for a site, may require the owner or operator or other responsible person to enter into an environmental covenant with the owner of the off-site parcels or properties to ensure that the remedy approved in the plan is protective of human health and the environment. An owner or operator or other responsible person whose environmental response project plan includes other off-site parcels or properties may voluntarily include the off-site parcels or properties in an environmental covenant.|
|Local Government Energy Loan Program (Alabama)||Alabama||State Loan Program||Yes||State/Territory||Through a public-private partnership with PowerSouth, Alabama's Local Government Energy Loan Program offers zero-interest loans to local governments, K-12 schools, and public colleges and universities for renewable energy systems and energy efficiency improvements that will eventually have a payback through utility savings. Under the program, municipal and county governments, and colleges and universities may borrow up to $350,000 for eligible projects, and K-12 schools may receive up to $350,000 per campus or $500,000 per school system for eligible projects. Eligible renewable energy resources generally include biomass, hydropower, geothermal energy, wind energy, and solar energy.|
The application is available on the program web site. An energy audit must be completed to identify necessary improvements. Following installation, the loan recipient must be benchmarked using the Energy Star Portfolio Manager program.
|Natural Gas Rules (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations|
Safety and Operational Guidelines
|Yes||State/Province||These rules apply to all gas utilities operating in the state of Alabama under the jurisdiction of the Alabama Public Service Commission. The rules state standards for the measurement of gas at higher than standard service pressure. Every utility shall provide and install at its own expense, and shall continue to own, maintain and operate all equipment necessary for the regulation and measurement of gas. Each utility furnishing metered gas service shall own and maintain the equipment and facilities necessary for accurately testing the various types and sizes of meters used for the measurement of gas. Each utility shall make and record tests of service meters according to the stated guidelines. Each utility shall at all times use every effort to properly warn and protect the public from danger and shall exercise care to reduce the hazards to which employees or customers may be subjected. Each utility shall make prompt investigations of reported gas leaks. All gas utilities shall file with the commission an operating and maintenance plan and an emergency plan.|
|Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction (Alabama)||Alabama||Corporate Tax Incentive||Yes||State/Province||The Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction allows businesses to deduct from their Alabama net worth the net amount invested in all devices, facilities, or structures, and all identifiable components or materials for use therein, that are located in Alabama and are acquired or constructed primarily for the control, reduction, or elimination of air, ground, or water pollution or radiological hazards where such pollution or radiological hazards result from or would be caused by the taxpayer's activities in Alabama. The deduction is applied to Alabama’s business privilege tax, which accrues annually to businesses operating in Alabama based on their net worth.|
|Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Alabama)||Alabama||Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals||Yes||State/Province||This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Alabama as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection. REC prices in markets with voluntary goals (North Dakota, South Dakota) may be lower.|
|Solid Waste Program (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||This article states the authority of the department, regulations for the control of unauthorized dumping, disposal fees, violations and penalties. Solid waste refers to any garbage, rubbish, construction or demolition debris, ash, or sludge from a waste treatment facility, water supply plant, or air pollution control facility, and any other discarded materials, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, or agricultural operations or community activities, or materials intended for or capable of recycling, but which have not been diverted or removed from the solid waste stream. The term "solid waste" does not include recovered materials, solid or dissolved materials in domestic sewage, solid or dissolved material in irrigation return flows, or industrial discharges which are point sources subject to the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended, or the Alabama Waste Pollution Control Act, as amended; or source, special, nuclear, or by-product materials as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended. Also excluded from this definition are land applications of crop residues, animal manure, and ash resulting exclusively from the combustion of wood during accepted agricultural operations, waste from silvicultural operations, or refuse.|
|Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (Multiple States)||Alabama|
|Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||The Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is administered by the Compact Commission. The Compact provides for rotating responsibility for the region's low-level radioactive waste, and the Commission can set rules for waste disposal in the region.|
|Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States)||Alabama|
United States Virgin Islands
|Yes||State/Province||The Southern States Energy Compact provides for the proper employment and conservation of energy, and for the employment of energy-related facilities, materials, and products, within the context of a responsible regard for the environment, among the Southeastern states, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Southern States Energy Board is responsible for administering the Compact and may adopt bylaws, rules, and regulations in conjunction with state agencies. The Board also encourages the development, conservation, and responsible use of energy and energy-related facilities, installations, and products as part of a balanced economy and a healthy environment.|
|TVA - Green Power Providers (Alabama)||Alabama||Performance-Based Incentive||Yes||Utility||Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) and participating power distributors of TVA power offer a performance-based incentive program to homeowners and businesses for the installation of renewable generation systems from the following qualifying resources: PV, wind, hydropower, and biomass. The long term Green Power Providers program replaces the Generation Partners* pilot program. The energy generated from these renewable generation systems will count towards TVA's green power pricing program, Green Power Switch.
**Prices reflect Premium Rates for 2014 Calendar Year and are applicable for agreements executed and dated by TVA on or after January 1, 2014 but on or prior to December 31, 2014.
|TVA - Mid-Sized Renewable Standard Offer Program (Alabama)||Alabama||Performance-Based Incentive||Yes||Utility||NOTE: TVA has issued additional 100 MW of capacity for Renewable Standard Offer (RSO) program for 2015. Applications for new projects will open starting January 2, 2015.
Before approval, the seller must provide TVA with project financing arrangements, interconnection agreements between the seller and either TVA or a Distributor, and TVA metering installation plans at an environmentally acceptable location. The participating power producer is responsible for interconnection, performance assurance, and application costs. TVA, or an approved third party, will also perform an environmental review at the seller’s cost.
|Water Pollution Control Authority (Alabama)||Alabama||Loan Program||Yes||State/Province||The Water Pollution Control Revolving Loan Fund, is maintained in perpetuity and operated by the department as agent for the authority for the purposes stated herein. Grants from the federal government or its agencies allotted to the state for capitalization of the revolving loan fund, state matching funds where required, and loan principal, interest, and penalties shall be deposited as required by the terms of the federal grant directly in the revolving loan fund. Money in the revolving loan fund shall be expended in a manner consistent with terms and conditions of the federal capitalization grants and may be used to provide loans for the construction or rehabilitation of public wastewater treatment facilities; to secure principal and interest on bonds issued by the authority if the proceeds of such bonds are deposited in the revolving loan fund to the extent provided in the terms of the federal grant; to purchase debt incurred by public bodies for wastewater treatment projects; to fund other programs which the federal government may allow in the future through its grants; to fund the administrative expenses of the department relating to the responsibilities and requirements of this chapter; and to provide for any other expenditure consistent with the federal grant program and state law. For the purpose of providing funds for the authority to make loans to public bodies for a project or projects, or for the payment of obligations incurred or temporary loans made for any of said purposes, the authority is hereby authorized, from time to time, to issue and sell its bonds or other evidences of indebtedness. Such bonds may be issued in one or more series; shall be in such form and denominations and of such terms and maturities, not exceeding 25 years from the date of issue of each series; shall bear such rate or rates of interest, payable and evidenced in such manner; may contain such provisions for registration or for redemption prior to maturity; and may contain such other provisions not inconsistent herewith, all as may be provided by the authorizing resolution. As security for the payment of the principal of and interest on its bonds, the authority is authorized to pledge, transfer and assign any obligations of each public body, payable to the authority and the security for such obligation. All bonds or other indebtedness of the authority and the coupons applicable thereto and the income therefrom and all projects or parts thereof and all assets of the authority shall be forever exempt from any and all taxation in the state.|
|Water Quality Program, Volume 1 (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||This volume of the water quality program mainly deals with the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System. National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System" or "(NPDES)" means the national program for issuing, modifying, revoking and reissuing, terminating, monitoring and enforcing permits for the discharge of pollutants into waters of the state. An industrial user, whether or not the user is subject to other categorical pretreatment standards or any national, state, or local pretreatment requirements, shall not introduce into publicly or privately owned treatment works any pollutant(s) which, alone on in conjunction with a discharge or discharges from other sources, cause pass through or interference or in any other manner adversely impact the operation or performance of the treatment works, to include the method of sludge disposal in use by the publicly or privately owned treatment works.
No person shall discharge pollutants into waters of the state without first having obtained a valid NPDES permit or coverage under a valid General NPDES Permit. Permit discharge limitations, standards and prohibitions shall be established for each discharge point from the facility, except where limitations on internal waste streams are more appropriately used.The article also states rules for groundwater underground injection- permit requirements, prohibited actions and construction guidelines. Waste treatment requirements are stated for industrial waste discharges, sewage treatment plants, and combined waste treatment plants. Specific water quality criteria are stated for outstanding Alabama water, public water supply and specific lakes and river basins.
|Water Quality Program, Volume 2 (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||This volume of the water quality program mainly deals with Technical Standards, Corrective Action Requirements and Financial Responsibility for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks. This chapter is promulgated to establish construction, installation, performance, and operating standards for underground storage tanks. Any owner or operator of an underground storage tank system for which a notification has not been provided to the Department as of April 5, 1989, must within 30 days of that date, submit, in a form approved by the Department, a notice of the existence of such tank system to the ADEM. In order to prevent releases due to structural failure, corrosion, leakage from submersible pumps and dispensers or spills and overfills for as long as the UST system is used to store regulated substances, all owners and operators of new USTs, piping, UST systems and/or dispensers must meet the stated requirements for construction, modification, operation and maintenance of tanks and equipment. Guidelines are provided for release detection methods and record keeping.|
|Water Rules (Alabama)||Alabama||Environmental Regulations||Yes||State/Province||These rules and regulations shall apply to all water systems subject to the jurisdiction of the Alabama Public Service Commission. They are intended to promote good utility practices, to assure adequate and efficient service to the public at a reasonable cost, and to establish the rights and responsibilities of both the utility and the customer. Applications for certificates must be filed separately for each water system. Each utility shall furnish the Commission, at such time and in such form as the Commission may require, the results of any required tests and summaries of any required records. The utility shall also furnish the Commission with any information concerning the utility’s facilities or operations which the Commission may request for determining rates or judging the practices of the utility. All such data, unless specified, shall be consistent with and reconcilable with the utility’s Annual Report to the Commission. The Commission reserves the right to require, under its supervision, an extended bacteriological, as well as physical and chemical, examination when deemed advisable for any particular water furnished. When any utility proposes to use water from a new or different source of supply, it shall be required to obtain approval from the Commission. Before such approval can be obtained, the utility shall be required to furnish a permit from the State Board of Health approving the use of a new supply. The article also states rules on protection of water supply, meter installation, shortage of supply and waste of water.|
|Wood-Burning Heating System Deduction (Alabama)||Alabama||Personal Deduction||Yes||State/Territory||This statute allows individual taxpayers a deduction for the purchase and installation of a wood-burning heating system. The deduction is equal to the total cost of purchase and installation for the conversion from gas or electricity to wood when the system is used as the primary energy source for heating a home. The deduction must be taken for the taxable year during which the conversion was completed. Note that this incentive is for the conversion of an existing system and not for the first-time installation of a wood-burning system.|