Solar+Storage/Publications & Resources

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< Solar+Storage

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Citations & Links

Solar+Storage: Reducing Barriers through Cost-Optimization and Market Characterization is a joint endeavor of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Clean Energy Group. The research seeks to elucidate the emerging market for distributed solar paired with battery energy storage (solar+storage). The two-year research initiative, ending in 2017, is funded under the Department of Energy’s Sunshot Initiative.

Additional products from this project include:

Optimal Sizing of a Solar-Plus-Storage System For Utility Bill Savings and Resiliency Benefits (NREL 2016)

Battery Energy Storage Market: Commercial Scale, Lithium-ion Projects in the U.S. (NREL 2016)

NREL Solar+Storage Modeling Input Assumptions (NREL 2016)

PV cost assumptions:
NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). 2016 Annual Technology Baseline (ATB). Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Storage cost assumptions are based on cost data collected by NREL, summarized in:

Utility Rate Database:

Renewable Energy Optimization Model description:

U.S. Climate Zones:

Load profiles are based on the Department of Energy Commercial Reference Buildings ( using Energy Plus Software (


Joyce Mclaren (bio)
Senior Energy Analyst
National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Todd Olinsky-Paul
Project Director
Clean Energy Group