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The [[Bureau of Land Management]] (BLM) has an appeals process that allows adversely affected parties to appeal a decision. A decision by BLM, subject to appeal, is not effective during the period of time in which the person may file an appeal. [[Title 43 CFR 4 Department Hearings and Appeals Procedures|43 CFR 4.21(a)(1)]]. However, BLM decisions issued under [[Title 43 CFR 3200 Geothermal Resource Leasing|43 CFR 3200]] remain in full force and effect pending appeal. [[Title 43 CFR 3279 Utilization Relief and Appeals|43 CFR 3279]].
In order to appeal a BLM decision the appellant must have standing: directly impacted by the decision or have participated in the public (NEPA) process.
The [[United States Department of Interior | Department of Interior]] Board of Land Appeals decides finally for the Department appeals to the head of the Department from decisions rendered by Departmental officials relating to the use and disposition of public lands and their resources, including land selections arising under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. [[Title 43 CFR 4 Department Hearings and Appeals Procedures|43 CFR 4.1]].
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==9-FD-d.1 - Is the Decision Adverse/Incorrect?==
A developer may appeal a decision to the Interior Board of Land Appeals. [[Title 43 CFR 4 Department Hearings and Appeals Procedures|43 CFR 4.700]].
==9-FD-d.2 - File Notice of Appeal (NOA) and File Petition for Stay==
The appellant is required to file a Notice of Appeal (NOA) in the office that made the decision within thirty (30) days of receipt of the decision [[Title 43 CFR 4 Department Hearings and Appeals Procedures|43 CFR 4.701]]. The burden of proof is on the appellant to show that the decision being appealed from is in error. The decision is in full force and effect and does not provide for an automatic stay. A request for stay must be filed with the NOA. The petition must show sufficient justification based on the following factors:
*The relative harm to the parties if the stay is granted or denied;
*The likelihood of the appellant's success on the merits;
*The likelihood of immediate and irreparable harm if the stay is not granted; and
*Whether the public interest favors granting the stay.
If a stay is granted, BLM will notify appellant that a stay has been granted and will remain in effect until lifted. [[Title 43 CFR 4 Department Hearings and Appeals Procedures|43 CFR 4.21(a)-(b)]].
==9-FD-d.3 - Adverse Parties - Served with NOA and Other Papers Filed==
Within 15 days after each document is filed, each adverse party named in the decision and the Regional Solicitor or Field Solicitor having jurisdiction over the State in which the appeal arose must be served with a copy of: NOA, Statement of Reasons (SOR), and any other documents. Proof of service is required. [[Title 43 CFR 4 Department Hearings and Appeals Procedures|43 CFR 4.413]].
==9-FD-d.4 - File Statement of Reasons==
Within thirty (30) days after filling the NOA, the appellant must file a complete SOR describing why they are appealing. The SOA must be filed with the US Department of Interior, Office of Hearing and Appeals, Interior Board of Land Appeals (IBLA), 801 N. Quincy Street, MS 300-QC, Arlington, VA 22030. An additional statement is not necessary if the developer (appellant) includes the SOR with the original filing of the NOA. [[Title 43 CFR 4 Department Hearings and Appeals Procedures|43 CFR 4.412]].
==9-FD-d.5 - Adverse Parties - Served with SOR and Other Papers Filed==
Within 15 days adverse parties named in the decision must be served with copies of the additional papers filed with IBLA. Proof of service is required.
==9-FD-d.6 - Hearing (Discretionary)==
Any party may file a motion that the Board refer a case to an administrative law judge for a hearing.
In response to a motion or on its own initiative, the Board may order a hearing if there are:
:(1) Any issues of material fact which, if proved, would alter the disposition of the appeal; or
:(2) Significant factual or legal issues remaining to be decided, and the record without a hearing would be insufficient for resolving them.
[[Title 43 CFR 4 Department Hearings and Appeals Procedures|43 CFR 4.415]].
==9-FD-d.7 - Decision==
IBLA will review and render a decision on the merits of the case. This is usually a lengthy process and can take from 6 months to 2 years, unless a request to have the decision expedited is granted.
The Board may reconsider its decision in extraordinary circumstances.
:(1) A party that wishes to request reconsideration of a Board decision must file a motion for reconsideration with the Board within 60 days after the date of the decision.
:(2) The motion may include a request that the Board stay the effectiveness of its decision.
:(3) Any other party to the original appeal may file a response to a motion for reconsideration with the Board within 21 days after service of the motion, unless the Board orders otherwise.
:(4) A motion for reconsideration will not stay the effectiveness or affect the finality of the Board's decision unless so ordered by the Board for good cause.
:(5) A party does not need to file a motion for reconsideration in order to exhaust its administrative remedies.
[[Title 43 CFR 4 Department Hearings and Appeals Procedures|43 CFR 4.403]].
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[[Title 43 CFR 4 Department Hearings and Appeals Procedures|43 CFR 4 - Department Hearings and Appeals]]; [[Title 43 CFR 3200 Geothermal Resource Leasing|43 CFR 3200 - Geothermal Resource Leasing]]
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