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North Dakota Route Permit (8-ND-d)

In North Dakota, a developer must obtain a Route Permit (“Permit”), also referred to as a Transmission Facility Siting Permit, from the North Dakota Public Service Commission (“NDPSC”) prior to constructing or operating electric transmission lines that carry voltages in excess of 115kVs and extends one or more miles in length. NDPSC issues Permits to transmission developers pursuant to N.D. Century Code § 49-22.


A developer will also need to obtain a Certificate of Site or Corridor Compatibility from NDPSC to construct or operate such transmission lines. The Certificate of Site or Corridor Compatibility and Permit have similar processes, and can be applied for and obtained at the same time. However, if a Certificate of Site or Corridor Compatibility is obtained first, the developer must file an application for a Permit within two (2) years of NDPSC issuing the Certificate of Site or Corridor Compatibility. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-08.1(1). For more information on the Certificate of Site or Corridor Compatibility, see:

Certificate of Site Compatibility:
8-ND-a



Route Permit Process

8-ND-d.1 – Ten-Year Plan

Any developer that operates or plans to operate a transmission facility in the state must create and submit a ten-year plan to NDPSC. This plan must be updated and filed with NDPSC on or before July 1st of each even-numbered year after the initial submission. The ten-year plan can be jointly prepared with other utilities. The ten-year plan must contain the following information:

  • A description of the general location, size, and type of all facilities to be owned or operated by the developer during the ensuing ten years, as well as those facilities to be removed from service during the ten-year period;
  • The location of the preferred site for all transmission facilities that will be constructed in the ensuing five years;
  • A description of efforts made by the developer to coordinate the plan with other utilities so as to provide a coordinated regional plan for meeting the utility needs of the region;
  • A description of efforts made to involve environmental protection and land-use planning agencies in the planning process, as well as other efforts to identify and minimize environmental problems at the earliest possible stage in the planning process;
  • A statement of the projected demand for the service rendered by the developer for the ensuing ten years and the underlying assumptions for the projection, and a description of the manner and extent to which the developer will meet the projected demands; and
  • Any other relevant information as may be requested by NDPSC.

Upon receipt of the ten-year plan, NDSPC assesses the impact of the proposed project to ensure that transmission facilities will be sited in an orderly manner compatible with environmental preservation and an efficient use of resources.

N.D.C.C. § 49-22-04.

8-ND-d.2 to 8-ND-d.3 – Does the Transmission Line Pass Within 500 feet of an Inhabited Rural Residence?

NDPSC has designated areas within five hundred (500) feet of an inhabited rural residence as a designated avoidance area for transmission lines. The inhabitant of the rural residence may waive this requirement in writing, but otherwise, a developer must plan and construct the project in accordance with this provision and avoid having the transmission lines pass within a designated avoidance area. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-05.1.

8-ND-d.4 to 8-ND-d.5 – Does the Developer Request a Process Waiver?

A transmission developer may apply to NDPSC for a waiver of any of the procedures or times schedules associated with a obtaining a Permit. After receiving a waiver application, NDPSC conducts a hearing with the developer. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-07.2.

If the developer seeks a waiver request, the developer must submit the request on the form prescribed by NDPSC. The developer must submit the original copy of the request along with ten (10) additional copies. The request must contain:

  • A description of the type of facility addressed in the request, including the purpose and the technology to be employed;
  • A description of the products to be produced or transmitted by the proposed facility;
  • The capacity and design of the proposed facility;
  • The location of the proposed facility and a map showing the location of the proposed facility;
  • A description of the general area to be served by the facility;
  • The anticipated time schedule for major events;
  • Any plans for future expansion of the proposed facility;
  • The need for the proposed facility based on the present and projected demand, including the most recent system studies supporting the analysis of the need;
  • Any reasonable alternative methods of serving the need;
  • Justification for any deviations from the developer's most recent ten-year plan that the proposed facility may present;
  • The estimated total cost of construction of the facility;
  • Any specific provisions of law that the developer requests NDPSC waive or modify, with a separate justification for each provision;
  • The factual basis demonstrating that the proposed facility is of such length, design, location, or purpose that it will produce minimal adverse effects; and
  • If the request is based on an emergency situation, the nature of the emergency justifying immediate authority.

N.D.A.C. § 69-06-06-01.

Note: If only some of the standard procedures are waived by NDPSC, the developer must still complete all remaining procedures before a Permit can be obtained.

8-ND-d.6 – Publish Notice of Waiver Request

After receiving a waiver request, NDPSC publishes a notice of opportunity for a public hearing in the official newspaper of each county in which any portion of the proposed project is located. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-13(2).

8-ND-d.7 – Does an Interested Person Request a Hearing?

If an interested person wants to have a public hearing, that person must request NDPSC hold a hearing and show good cause for doing so. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-13(2).

8-ND-d.8 – Provide Notice of Public Hearing

If NDPSC decides to hold a public hearing on the waiver request, NDPSC serves notice of the public hearing to persons and agencies NDPSC deems appropriate. NDPSC also publishes notice twice, once at least twenty (20) days before the hearing, and once less than twenty (20) days before the hearing. These notices are given at the expense of the developer. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-13(4).

Note: If the waiver is requested for emergency reasons, the twenty (20) day notice requirement may not apply.

8-ND-d.9 – Hold Public Hearing

A public hearing is held in each county in which any portion of the proposed project is located, unless NDPSC decides to consolidate the hearing to one or more of the counties affected. NDPSC cannot consolidate the hearings if five or more affected landowners of a particular county file a petition with NDPSC within ten (10) days of the notice publication.

At the public hearing, any person may present testimony or evidence relating to the information provided in the waiver application, and the factors NDPSC is required to consider when evaluating the waiver application.

N.D.C.C. § 49-22-13(1).

8-ND-d.10 – Does NDPSC Grant the Waiver Request?

After conducting the hearing, if necessary, NDPSC makes a waiver determination. NDPSC grants the waiver if it finds that either, there is an existing emergency, or if the proposed facility will have minimal adverse effect. If a waiver is granted, NDPSC may issue a Permit with any conditions as NDPSC may require. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-07.2. The order issued also contains findings that support NDPSC’s decision. If the request is granted, the order also specifically describes the procedures and time schedules that are waived. N.D.A.C. § 69-06-06-02.

8-ND-d.11 – Permit Application

If no waiver is requested, or the waiver request is denied, the developer should submit a Permit Application (“Application”) with NDPSC. The Application must be filed no later than two (2) years after the issuance of a Certificate of Site/Corridor Compatibility. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-08.1(1). The developer must file the original Application along with ten (10) copies of the Application to NDPSC. The Application must be submitted in a 8½” by 11” size. N.D.A.C. § 69-06-05-01. The Application must include the following information:

  • A description of:
    • The type of facility proposed;
    • The purpose of the facility;
    • The technology to be deployed;
    • The type of product to be transmitted;
    • The source of the product to be transmitted; and
    • The final destination of the product to be transmitted;
  • A description of the proposed size and design of the facility, and any alternate size or design that was considered, including:
    • The width of the right-of-way;
    • The approximate length of the proposed facility;
    • The estimated span length;
    • The anticipated type of structure;
    • The voltage capacity; and
    • The requirement for and general location of any new associated facilities;
  • The anticipated time schedule for accomplishing major events including:
    • Obtaining the Certificate of Corridor/Site Compatibility;
    • Obtaining the Permit;
    • Completing right-of-way acquisition;
    • Starting construction;
    • Completing construction;
    • Testing operations; and
    • Commencing operations;
  • A map identifying the criteria that led to the proposed route location, including a discussion of the relative value of each criteria and how the developer selected the proposed location;
  • A copy of each evaluative study or assessment of the environmental impact of the proposed facility;
  • An analysis of the need for the proposed facility based on present and projected demand for the product transmitted and any feasible alternatives for serving the need;
  • A discussion of the developer’s policies and commitments to limit the environmental impact of the facility;
  • A discussion of general mitigative measures the developer will take to minimize adverse impacts that result from the construction and operation of the facility;
  • A discussion of present and future natural resource development in the area;
  • The qualifications of each person involved in the project location study;
  • An 8½” by 11” sized black and white map suitable for newspaper publication depicting the proposed project area;
  • A statement setting forth the manner in which:
    • The developer will inform affected landowners of easement acquisitions, and necessary easement conditions and restrictions; and
    • The developer will compensate landowners for easements without reference to the actual consideration to be paid; and
  • Any other information the developer considers relevant or NDPSC requires.

N.D.C.C. § 49-22-08.1; N.D.A.C. § 69-06-05-01(2).

The developer must also submit appropriate map and GIS data with the Application. This data must be submitted pursuant to and in accordance with N.D.A.C. § 69-06-05-01(2)(q).

8-ND-d.12 to 8-ND-d.13 – Review Application Materials for Completeness

After receiving an Application, NDPSC reviews the Application for administrative and technical completeness. If the Application is incomplete, NDPSC notifies the developer of the deficiencies. An Application is deemed complete when NDPSC determines the Application contains sufficient information and supporting documentation to enable NDPSC to process the Application. If the Application is complete, NDPSC notifies the developer in writing that the Application is complete. N.D.A.C. § 69-06-01-04(2).

8-ND-d.14 – Provide Notice of Application Filing

Once NDPSC determines that an Application is complete, NDPSC serves notice of the filing to persons and agencies NDPSC deems appropriate. NDPSC also publishes notice of the filing in the official newspaper of each county in which any portion of the project is proposed to be located. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-08.1(2). NDPSC must provide notice of the Application to the following:

  • The chairman of the board of county commissioners of each county in which any part of the project is proposed to be located;
  • The chief executive officer of each city within a proposed designated corridor;
  • The agencies and officers entitled to notice as designated in N.D.A.C. § 69-06-01-05; and
  • The state senators and representatives of each legislative district in which any part of the project is proposed to be located.

N.D.A.C. § 69-06-05-01(5).

NDPSC also serves a copy of the completed Application to the county auditor in each county where any part of the proposed designated corridor is located. N.D.A.C. § 69-06-05-01(4).

NDPSC provides a copy of the Application to any person or agency who requests it within thirty (30) days of receiving notice via service or publication. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-08(3).

8-ND-d.15 – Provide Notice of Public Hearing

NDPSC must hold a public hearing on the Application. NDPSC serves notice of the public hearing to persons and agencies NDPSC deems appropriate. NDPSC must give at least twenty (20) days notice of the hearing by mail or electronic mail to the following:

  • All parties;
  • The chairman of the board of county commissioners in each county in which any part of the project is located;
  • The county auditor in each county in which any part of the project is located;
  • The chief executive officer of each city within the proposed project corridor;
  • Any state or federal agency listed in N.D.A.C. § 69-06-01-05; and
  • The state senators and representatives of each legislative district in which any part of the proposed project is located.

N.D.A.C. § 69-06-01-02(3).

NDPSC also publishes notice twice, once at least twenty (20) days before the hearing, and once less than twenty (20) days before the hearing. These notices are given at the expense of the developer. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-13(4).

The notices include a map depicting the corridor and location of the proposed route and any proposed alternative routes. N.D.A.C. § 69-06-01-02(3).

8-ND-d.16 – Hold Public Hearing

A public hearing is held in each county in which any portion of the proposed project is located, unless NDPSC decides to consolidate the hearing to one or more of the counties affected. NDPSC cannot consolidate the hearings if five or more affected landowners of a particular county file a petition with NDPSC within ten (10) days of the notice publication.

At the public hearing, any person may present testimony or evidence relating to the information provided in the Application, and the factors NDPSC is required to consider when evaluating the Application.

N.D.C.C. § 49-22-13(1).

8-ND-d.17 to 8-ND-d.18 – Assess Application

After the public hearing, NDPSC assesses the proposal and makes a determination whether to grant a Permit. When evaluating the proposal, NDPSC is guided by, but not limited to, the following considerations:

  • Available research and investigations relating to the effects of the location, construction, and operation of the proposed facility on public health and welfare, natural resources, and the environment;
  • The effects of new transmission technologies and systems designed to minimize adverse environmental effects;
  • Adverse direct and indirect environmental effects which cannot be avoided should the proposed site or route be designated;
  • Alternatives to the proposed site, corridor, or route which are developed during the hearing process and which minimize adverse effects;
  • Irreversible and irretrievable commitments of natural resources should the proposed site, corridor, or route be designated;
  • The direct and indirect economic impacts of the proposed facility;
  • Existing plans of the state, local government, and private entities for other developments at or in the vicinity of the proposed site, corridor, or route;
  • The effect of the proposed site or route on existing scenic areas, historic sites and structures, and paleontological or archaeological sites;
  • The effect of the proposed site or route on areas which are unique because of biological wealth or because they are habitats for rare and endangered species; and
  • Problems raised by federal agencies, other state agencies, and local entities.

N.D.C.C. § 49-22-09.

8-ND-d.19 – Route Permit

If NDPSC approves the proposal, NDPSC issues a Permit to the developer. The order approving the issuance of the Permit must:

  • Describe the authority granted;
  • Contain any special conditions NDPSC requires;
  • Specify any required modifications in the type, design, routing, right-of-way preparation, or construction of the facility; and
  • Contain findings that the Application, with any additional modifications, meets the corridor evaluation process requirements, and any special conditions NDPSC requires.

N.D.A.C. § 69-06-05-02(1).

The width of the corridor approved by NDPSC is subject to dimensional constraints. Specifically, the width of the approved corridor must be at least ten percent (10%) of the corridor’s length, but no less than one (1) mile, and no greater than six (6) miles, unless otherwise determined by NDPSC. N.D.A.C. § 69-06-05-02(5).

The project must be constructed, operated, and maintained in conformity with the terms, conditions, or modifications of the Permit. The Permit may be transferred, subject to the approval of NDPSC, to any person who agrees to comply with its terms, conditions, and modifications. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-07.

The Permit may be revoked or suspended for any of the following reasons:

  • The developer provided a material false statement in the Application or required studies;
  • The developer fails to comply with the Permit’s terms, conditions or modifications;
  • NDPSC violates a provision of N.D.C.C. § 49-22 or N.D.A.C. § 69-06-04; or
  • A determination by a district court pursuant to N.D.C.C. § 49-22-16.1.

N.D.C.C. § 49-22-20.

8-ND-d.20 – Appeal Decision

Any party aggrieved by the issuance of a Permit from NDPSC may request a rehearing by NDPSC. The request must be made within thirty (30) days of NDPSC issuing the order, and NDPSC conducts the hearing pursuant to N.D.C.C. § 28-32. Any entity adversely affected by a NDPSC ruling has a right to appeal to the district court. N.D.C.C. § 49-22-19.


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