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Aesthetic or visual resources are often considered during the land use planning process to ensure appropriate views are preserved for the public's recreational and other uses.
Possible sources of visual impacts during construction and operation of a bulk transmission facility include:
*Ground disturbance and vegetation removal that produce contrasts of color, form, texture, and line. Such disturbances could occur as a result of excavation for foundations and ancillary structures, trenching in bury pipelines, grading and surface roads; clearing and leveling staging areas, stockpiling soil, and soil scars and exposed slope faces resulting from excavation, leveling, and equipment movement;
*River modifications from structures placed in or across the river;
*Road development (new roads, or expansion of existing roads) and parking areas, depending on the route relative to surface contours, and width, length, and surface treatment of the roads;
*Conspicuous and frequent small-vehicle traffic for worker access and frequent large-equipment traffic (trucks, graders, excavators, and cranes) for road construction, site preparation, and construction of the facility that could produce visible activity and fugitive dust in dry soils;
*Temporary presence of large equipment, producing emissions while operational and creating visible exhaust plumes; and
*Support facilities and fencing associated with the construction work.
[[Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development – Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Website]].
Overview of the permit or section being discussed.
==17.1 to 17.2 Will the Project Be Located on or near a Wild and Scenic River?==
In 1968 Congress passed PL 90-542, the [[Wild and Scenic Rivers Act | Wild and Scenic Rivers Act]], in order to protect rivers of particular scenic, recreational, geologic, fish and wildlife, historic, cultural or other similar values from impact on their free-flowing condition. Free-flowing condition refers to "existing or flowing in natural condition without impoundment, diversion, straightening, rip-rapping, or other modifications of the waterway."
If the project is located on or near a Wild or Scenic river the developer may require a permit.
<span class="btn btn-rapid btn-fed">[[RAPID/Roadmap/17-FD-a|Wild & Scenic Rivers Section 7(a): <br>17-FD-a]]</span>
A wild, scenic or recreational river area eligible to be included in the system is a free-flowing stream and the related adjacent land area that possesses one or more of the values referred to in Section 1, subsection (b) of this Act. Every wild, scenic or recreational river in its free-flowing condition, or upon restoration to this condition, shall be considered eligible for inclusion in the national wild and scenic rivers system and, if included, shall be classified, designated, and administered as one of the following:
:(1) Wild river areas -- Those rivers or sections of rivers that are free of impoundments and generally inaccessible except by trail, with watersheds or shorelines essentially primitive and waters unpolluted. These represent vestiges of primitive America.
:(2) Scenic river areas -- Those rivers or sections of rivers that are free of impoundments, with shorelines or watersheds still largely primitive and shorelines largely undeveloped, but accessible in places by roads.
:(3) Recreational river areas -- Those rivers or sections of rivers that are readily accessible by road or railroad, that may have some development along their shorelines, and that may have undergone some impoundment or diversion in the past. ([[Wild and Scenic Rivers Act | WSRA Sec. 2(b)]]).
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission cannot license the construction of any dam, water conduit, reservoir, powerhouse, transmission line, or other project works under the [[Federal Power Act]] (FPA) (41 Stat. 1063), as amended (16 U.S.C. 791a et seq.), '''on or directly affecting''' any river which is designated in section 3 of this FPA as a component of the national wild and scenic rivers system or which is hereafter designated for inclusion in that system... Nothing...shall preclude licensing of, or assistance to, developments below or above a wild, scenic or recreational river area or on any stream tributary thereto which will not invade the area or unreasonably diminish the scenic, recreational, and fish and wildlife values present in the area on the date of designation of a river as a component of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. ([[Wild and Scenic Rivers Act | WSRA Sec. 7(a)]]).
==17.3 to 17.5 - Will There Be Any State Aesthetic Issues?==
A state may require a permit if a project affects line of sight, creates excess noise, affects a protected aesthetic resource, etc.
<div class="state-block" data-abbr="HI">
In Hawaii, geothermal developers may need to obtain a Noise Permit from the [[Hawaii Department of Health Indoor and Radiological Health Branch]]. For more information, see:
<span class="btn btn-rapid btn-state">[[RAPID/Roadmap/17-HI-a|Noise Permit: <br>17-HI-a]]</span>
<div class="state-block" data-abbr="MT">
In Montana, the [[Montana Department of Natural Resources & Conservation]] may conduct an aesthetic resource assessment for any geothermal project. For more information, see:
<span class="btn btn-rapid btn-state">[[RAPID/Roadmap/17-MT-a|Aesthetic Resource Assessment: <br>17-MT-a]]</span>
Paragraphs supporting the elements in the flowchart. Delineate section headers with "==" wiki text.
Enter agency or multiple agencies, separated by semi-colons.
[[BLM - Instruction Memorandum No. 2009-167 | IM No. 2009-167 Application of the Visual Resource Management Program to Renewable Energy]]; [[BLM - Instruction Memorandum No. OC-2012-005 | IM No. 2012-055 Visual Resource Inventory Data Standard]]
Enter multiple References, separated by semi-colons. Use standard wiki text for links.
[[Wild and Scenic Rivers Act | Wild and Scenic Rivers Act]];
[[Federal Power Act]]
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Assemble a trigger using the fields below. Multiple triggers are treated as "OR" conditionals.
Surface ManagerSurface OwnerMineral ManagerMineral OwnerActivityEncroachmentEnvironmentalLocationLand Use PlanGeothermal LeaseHazardous WasteImpactsFacilityFundingManagedPlannedPower PlantTransmissionTransportation
DrillingExplorationGeophysicsLeasingPower Plant DevelopmentWell Abandonment
can be described as
CogenerationSmall Power ProductionIndependent Power ProductionWholesale CustomerFERC ExemptedFERC LicensedUnderground StorageAbove-Ground StorageTemporary Water RequirementPermanent Water RequirementDrinking Water Providing
ActiveNoApplicant Is Lessee
Capacity Exceeds 20 MWCapacity Under 20 MWCapacity Is 50 MWCapacity Exceeds 50 MWCapacity Under 100 MWPUC Certification
Historic PropertiesNative American Historic PropertyNative Hawaiian Historic PropertyNational Register Historic PropertyHistoric Property (Alteration)AirportMigratory BirdsBald Or Golden EagleMarine Mammals Or HabitatFederal Endangered SpeciesFarmland Or LivestockMilitary LandWaters Of The USNavigable WatersWild Or Scenic RiverWetlands By Dregging Or FillingGroundwater By DischargeStorm WaterWater Discharge To WellWater Discharge To LandWater Point Source DischargeWaste Water Associated With Only GeothermalReceived State 401 WQ CertHas Not Received 401 WQ CertAir QualityAir Quality From ConstructionAir Quality From OperationSolid Waste
Line Capacity Under 200 kVLine Capacity Exceeds 50 kVWithin NIETCCAISO GridExempt Per GO 131 D III B 1Not Exempt From CEQAPUC CertificationProject Under GO 131 D II B 2
Assessment CompletedImpact SignificantImpact Likely SignificantAnalysis Impacts AdverseAnalysis Impacts Not AdverseNo Best Interests FindingNo Categorical ExclusionNo Determination Of NEPA AdequacyPrior State AnalysisNo Prior State AnalysisProcess Not Complete For DrillingExtraordinary Circumstances
Interconnection AgreementPre-Application Process
State Highway ROW
Exceeds Max Length Or Load
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