Jiangsu-California MOU

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In October 2009, the State of California and Jiangsu Province agreed to cooperate in a number of areas related to energy and GHG reduction.[1] On the California side, the California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal/EPA), California Air Resources Board (CARB), California Public Utilities Commission and California Energy Commission (CEC) are responsible to implement the MOU.

Considered a landmark, subnational agreement, the MOU is also known as "Framework Agreement on Strategic Cooperation of Energy and Environment between the Government of State of California of the United States of America and the People's Republic Government of Jiangsu Province of China"

To implement this agreement, there be a numerous activities, bodies and programs. A Steering Committee will manage the agreement (As of July, 2010 this Committee has only 1 member, per public records.)

A group California-China Clean Energy (C3) formed in February, 2010. A conference in April met in Shenzhen, China. A work plan for a 2-year "California-Jiangsu Strategic Cooperation Project" (CJSCP) is described below.

Examples of Projects under this MOU

  • Building Retrofit Study for DSM
  • Student software collaboration to compare possible GHG reduction strategies for Suzhou Industrial Park Low-Carbon (live-work) Community Pilot (4 km2) [2]
  • [3]
  • C3 group
  • April, 2010 Shenzhen Conference
  • California-Jiangsu Strategic Cooperation Project (CJSCP), including an California-Jiangsu Exhibition Hall in Jiangsu (below)

Main MOU Objectives

The MOU has 8 energy/environmental objectives:

(From the MOU)

1. Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Both parties will cooperate to improve and develop energy efficiency, energy conservation, and renewable energy through the sharing of best practices, standards, policies, and technological experiences in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

2. Strengthening government support for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and environmental protection. Both parties will work cooperatively and share best practices for strengthening government support through standards and policies, incentive- and market-based programs, institutions, governance structure, energy and environmental compliance and enforcement, technology applications, information communications, and guidance to industry associations and public-private partnerships.

3. Strengthening technological cooperation. Both parties will encourage cooperation among government agencies, enterprises, research institutes, and other stakeholders, focusing on research, development, and deployment activities for energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies, zero-and low-carbon electricity generation and fuels, as well as improved mobility through better planning and transportation infrastructure.

4. Development of codes and standards. Both parties will work actively to foster development of new markets for green and renewable energy technologies, including but not limited to exploring joint certification, inspection and licensing systems for renewable energy technologies, harmonizing technical standards, and facilitating market linkages. The standards will cover such areas as green buildings, cooling and heating, electrical appliances, lighting, and solar photovoltaics (PV).

5. Capacity building and fostering innovation. Both parties will promote communication and exchange among research personnel, academic institutions such as Nanjing University, nongovernmental organizations, and students from both countries, and work jointly to support the establishment of research platforms to improve the technological research and development capabilities, policy development, and implementation in the areas of energy efficiency and renewable energy.

6. Expanding the market for renewable energy and energy efficient technologies, especially photovoltaic. Both Parties will provide support to enterprises in both countries to further accelerate investment and market development and promote bilateral trade.

7. Developing new cooperation modes in ecological environment. Both parties will implement specific training programs on planning, policies, technologies, government support, and data management, tracking and reporting in the areas of renewable energy, energy efficiency, and environment protection. Jiangsu Province will actively adjust its industry structure to promote the application of energy conservation and renewable energy (especially photovoltaic) technologies in energy-intensive sectors, including cement, transportation, and power, and gradually build up new energy conservation and emission reduction mechanisms corresponding to its development stage and adaptive to market mechanisms.

8. Organization and Action. The California Government has instructed the California Environmental Protection Agency to take the lead in implementing this Framework Agreement with the Air Resources Board, the Energy Commission, the Public Utilities Commission, and other state agencies providing coordination as appropriate. The Jiangsu Government has instructed the Provincial Development and Reform Commission to take the lead in implementing this Framework Agreement, in coordination with the Department of Commerce and the Environment Protection Bureau. A Steering Committee will be established to assist the Parties in managing cooperation under this Framework Agreement. The Steering Committee shall include representatives from government, nongovernmental organizations, private sector, research institutes, and academia. Both parties will consult on a regular basis, and senior officials from each side will meet each year to review progress under the Framework Agreement and approve an action plan developed by the Parties with the advice of the Steering Committee. In addition, the Parties will carry out study tours, conferences, workshops, exchanges, and enterprise communication throughout the year to carry out cooperation under this Framework Agreement.

"California-Jiangsu Strategic Cooperation Project" (CJSCP)

CJSCP Work Plan

 This CJSCP Work Plan section is based on a undated DRAFT document obtained under the California Public Records Act (status of FINAL ?).   (The delineation between projects under this Work Plan or those under MOU is not clear.)


Based on the October 2009 agreement, Jiangsu and California have created a 2-year "California-Jiangsu Strategic Cooperation Project" (CJSCP).

The goals, objectives, pilot projects and plans for this 2-year trans-Pacific, cooperative project are mapped out in a draft document. This undated document, called the "California-Jiangsu Climate and GreenTech Cooperation Project - DRAFT Work Plan - Jan, 2010 - Dec, 2011," was submitted by California EPA, Jiangsu Development & Reform Committee (JDRC) and Jiangsu Department of Commerce with suggestions from Bren School (UCSB), School of the Environment (Nanjing University), Innovation Center for Energy and Transportation (iCET) and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).

Although the CJSCP project will operate completely under the orginal October 2009 agreement, it is not clear whether other Jiangsu-California activities[3] are part of the CJSCP project or part of the MOU.

The blueprint also calls for

  • network of local governments, businesses, academic institutions, and NGOs
  • the network to develop funding proposals
  • workshops
  • programs and pilots, such as those below

In the draft document is unclear what funding, oversight, participant selection and general management exists for CJSCP project. .

Scope & Goals

The goal of JCSCP is to develop

a sustainbable, replicable, collaborative climate and energy strategy that addresses, at a local level, issues of both climate mitigation/adaption and clean energy development.

To accomplish these goals, the work plan relies on several pilot and demonstration projects which can be scaled to larger projects in Jiangsu and through-out China.

CJSCP Objectives

The blueprint also includes 6 broad and potentially far-reaching objectives, ranging from industry restructuring, linking policy successes at local level to national agenda - California could use - to exchanging best practices for MRV or peer-to-peer learning.

  1. Academic and technological assistance - to develop low-carbon strategies (including industry restructuring, green building practices, water and energy consumption, increased public awareness of climate change)
  2. these 3
    • Cooperatively facilitate the use of new energy-efficient products and technologies
    • Increase energy efficiency
    • Increase proportion of new (?) and renewable energy use in the pwer, industrial, building sectors
  3. Develop the capacity of GHG MRV (monitor, report, verify) in power and industrial sectors, via technical support, experience sharing.
  4. Increase ability of local communities to take 'effective local action,' including transfer of best practices
  5. Improve local governance by linking local policy success to national policy.
  6. Promote bilateral trade, investment and job creation in green industries.

Though most Chinese live a lower carbon, lower energy lifestyle (denser cities, wider use of public transportation, acceptance of wider building temperatures, more stairs), it is not clear how these best practices can be brought to California.

CJSCP Collaborative Projects

Although the document stresses "opportunity to collaborate" or invest or a platform for green-tech exchange, it does not mention the governing process to do so. The draft does include specific demonstration projects

  • Capacity Building with School of the Environment Nanjing University and Bren School, UCSB, [2] (1 project?)
  • California-Jiangsu Green Tech Exhibition Hall in Wuxi or Suzhou, a permanent exhibition hall to showcase California products, including regular seminar, training, workshops with an eye to promoting bilater technology exchange, collaboration and trade. (Intellectual Property?)

CJSCP Timetable, Funding, Selection, Evaluation

Other than 2-year outline, there are no target dates or funding mentioned. There is no discussion of project criteria, selection or final evaluation.

CJSCP Management

Participants may include: For Jiangsu,

  • Jiangsu Department of Reform Commission (JDRC)
  • Jiangsu Department of Commerce (JDC)
  • Suzhou Industrial Park (SIP) Administrative Committee
  • Nanjing University
  • interested NGOs and institutes

For California:

  • Cal EPA
  • CARB
  • CEC
  • NRDC, an NGO
  • UC Santa Barbara
  • iCET
  • interested NGOs and institutes


  1. 1.0 1.1  "Jiangsu-California MOU"
  2. 2.0 2.1  "Environmental Departments at Nanjing University and UC Santa Barbara"
  3. 3.0 3.1  "[[China Guodian Corporation] Guodian-Canergy 500 MW Solar Farm]"