Geothermal/Public Health and Safety
Geothermal Public Health and Safety
Public Health and Safety
Present, Potentially Affected
- Antelope Valley Neset (AVS - Neset 345 kV Transmission Line Project)
- Barren Ridge Renewable Transmission (Barren Ridge Renewable Transmission Project Environmental Impact Statement)
- Boardman to Hemingway (Environmental Impact Statement and Land Use Plan Amendments for the Boardman to Hemingway Transmission Line Project)
- Cameron to Milford-138kV Transmission Line (Cameron to Milford - 138kV Transmission Line Project)
- Central Ferry Lower Monumental (Central Ferry-Lower Monumental 500-kilovolt Transmission Line Project)
- DOE-EA-1116 (Kalina Geothermal Demonstration Project EA for Geothermal/Power Plant, Geothermal/Well Field, Geothermal/Transmission)
- DOE-EA-1621 (Oregon Institute of Technology (OIT) Deep Geothermal Well and Power Plant Project EA at Klamath Falls Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Power Plant)
- DOE-EA-1733 (Calpine Enhanced Geothermal Systems Project EA at Geysers Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Well Field)
- DOE-EA-1849 (EA for Northern Nevada Geothermal Power Plant Project at McGuinness Hills Geothermal Area)
- DOI-BLM-CA-017-05-051 (Basalt Canyon Geothermal Pipeline Project Environmental Assessment and Draft Environmental Impact Report for Geothermal/Well Field)
- DOI-BLM-CA-EA-2002-??? (Glass Mountain Exploration Environmental Assessment/Initial Study for Geothermal/Well Field)
- DOI-BLM-NV-CO10-2011-0501-EA (EA for Phase II Production Wells and Thermal Gradient Holes at Patua Geothermal Project for Geothermal/Well Field)
- DOI-BLM-OR-P040-0021-EA (EA for Exploratory Wells at Midnight Point and Mahogany Geothermal Exploration Projects, Glass Buttes, Oregon for Geothermal/Exploration)
- Eldorado Ivanpah Transmission Project (EIS/EIR for the Eldorado-Ivanapah Transmission Project)
- Gateway West Transmission Line (Environmental Impact Statement for the Gateway West Transmission Line Project)
- Grand Coulee Transmission Line (Grand Coulee's Third Powerplant 500-kilovolt Transmission Line Replacement Project, Preliminary Environmental Assessment)
- McNary-John Day (McNary-John Day Transmission Line Project Environmental Impact Statement)
- Mona to Oquirrh Transmission (Mona to Oquirrh Transmission Corridor Project and Proposed Pony Express Resource Management Plan Amendment)
- One Nevada (Final Environmental Impact Statement for the One Nevada Transmission Line Project (ON Line Project))
- San Juan Basin EC (San Juan Basin Energy Connect Project Environmental Impact Statement)
- Sigurd Red Butte No2 (Sigurd to Red Butte No. 2 345kV Transmission Project)
- Southline Transmission Line (Environmental Impact Statement for the Southline Transmission Line Project)
- Sun Valley to Morgan Transmission Line (Environmental Impact Statement for the Sun Valley to Morgan Transmission Line Project)
- Sunzia Southwest (SunZia Southwest Transmission Project)
- Tehachapi Renewable Transmission (Environmental Impact Statement for the Tehachapi Renewable Transmission Project)
- Transwest Express (Transwest Express Transmission Project Environmental Impact Statement)
- West-wide Energy Corridors (West-wide Energy Corridor Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement)
Health and safety plans accompany every geothermal site to decrease the risk of malpractice. These plans strive to educate and train employees on evacuation drills, how to operate heavy equipment, electrical and wildfire procedures, personal protective equipment, and mitigating harmful chemicals. Acquiring these skills will help employees stay safe, in addition to site visitors.
Public Health and Safety Impacts & Mitigation
Construction and site maintenance pose health and safety threats to site workers and nearby communities. Decrease adverse impacts with the following mitigation measures:
Hydrogen sulfide: When air levels reach .1ppmv, the onset of headaches, nausea and sinus congestion could occur. Any levels above .1ppmv could result in respiratory paralysis or eye damage. Hydrogen sulfide monitors detect air concentrations to delineate safe levels.
Trenching and Excavations: Underground caving is possible when constructing or maintaining geothermal system piping and wells. The ideal soil for a geothermal system may not align with ideal soil to make a stable trench. Reinforcing the underground structure and exit access decreases the risk to workers.
Ammonia: This is often stored onsite, however accidental releases can occur. Ammonia can cause lung damage, skin burns and death. Remove all clothing that came in contact with the chemical or gas and dispose.
Crystalline silica: This is a harmful substance found in concrete. When it becomes airborne through drilling, chipping or cutting, it can cause silicosis or lung disease. Lung tissue becomes scarred and makes it harder to breathe. Wearing a mask over the nose and mouth while performing drilling, chipping or cutting concrete can prevent particles from entering the body.
Electrical and Wildfires: Welding, careless recreational smoking, equipment sparks or bad wiring can cause electrical fires. Contact emergency response teams and use fire extinguishers to prevent dispersal. Geothermal sites are often located on grasslands or near forests, making wildfires possible. Fire retardant building materials, such as doors, walls, and outdoor woodchips can prevent the fire from spreading. Contact emergency teams immediately to mitigate fires.
Welding and Cutting: Metal pipes comprise the geothermal underground systems. Risks associated with this activity are hot metal burns, ultraviolet light from arc welding and particles irritating the eye. Wear safety glasses, heavy gloves and cover exposed skin to decrease injury.
Personal Protective Equipment: This includes safety glasses, hard hats, respirators, gloves, durable pants and long sleeve shirts. To reduce falling injuries, use safety nets, a personal arrest system or guardrails when six feet or more above the ground. United States Department of Labor-Green Job Hazards: Geo-Thermal Energy
Transportation: Follow procedures to transport, use or dispose of hazardous materials and heavy equipment to decrease environment, employee, and patron risks. Hazardous material includes, but is not limited to benzene, mercury, radon, mud, solvents, oils, diesel and drilling additives.
- Security: Fencing the site perimeter discourages trespassing and unapproved visitors. This will protect the resource and employees.
- Safety signage: Post speed limits and risk areas heightens the awareness
- Waste disposal: Trash burial is not permitted. Contain trash on site and then haul it to an approved landfill. Human waste from portable toilets is not to be treated on site nor buried.